Sample size: 257 students (138 program, 119 control)
Risk Status: Students were identified through standardized test scores and other teacher recommendations; students qualified for participation in the study based on their initial AIMSweb R-CBM reading fluency scores.
|Program||Control||p of chi square|
|No subsidized lunch||75||54||60||50|
|Not identified with a disability||6||4||2||2|
|English language learner||35||25||40||35||.112|
|Not English language learner||103||75||76||66|
* p of chi square is combines for grades 2 and 4.
Training of Instructors: Intervention teachers taught reading for an average of 11.8 years. 16 of 23 teachers had received their Master’s degree. Interventionists received an initial training and a follow-up training covering the Words Their Way program. Interventionists were also provided with trainers’ contact information and could contact them at any time to receive additional support or ask any questions about the program.