Interactive DBI Process

Intensive intervention helps students with severe and persistent learning or behavioral needs. The Center's approach to intensive intervention is data-based individualization (DBI).

What is DBI?
DBI is a research-based process for individualizing and intensifying interventions through the systematic use of assessment data, validated interventions, and research-based adaptation strategies.

Click on the components in the graphic to learn more about the steps in the DBI process and find relevant resources.

Read more about DBI and view this video to learn why intensive intervention is critical.


View the NCII web tour to learn about navigating the site.

Flowchart depicting the steps in DBI. 1. Validated Intervention Program 2. Progress Monitor. If responsive, go back to Progress Monitor. If unresponsive move to step 3. Diagnostic Assessment/Functional Behavior Assessment. 4. Intervention Adaptation. 5. Progress Monitor. If responsive, go back to Progress Monitor. If unresponsive go back to step 3.

Link to resources regarding Validated Intervention ProgramLink to resources regarding Intervention AdaptationLink to resources regarding Diagnostic Assessment/Functional Behavior AssessmentLink to resources regarding Progress MonitorLink to resources regarding Progress Monitor


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Progress Monitoring Tool for Data Collection and Graphing

This academic progress monitoring graphing tool allows educators to store data for multiple students (across multiple measures), graph student progress, and set individualized goals for a student on specific measures. View the tool & instructions.  

White Paper: Intensive Intervention

NCII in collaboration with the Academic Achievement of Students with Learning Disabilities Research Initiative hosted a 2015 summit to improve knowledge and understanding of intensive intervention. View the recently released white paper and responses to learn about the themes of the summit including practice, policy, and research implications

Ask the Expert

What should we consider when teaching students with math difficulty?
Sarah Powell

Watch and listen as Sarah Powell, Assistant Professor in the Department of Special Education at the University of Texas at Austin, discusses key considerations when teaching students with math difficulty.

New Instructional Videos! Teaching Counting & Place Value Concepts

Comparing with greater gatorAre you working with students that struggle with numeracy, counting or place value? This series of math instructional videos provide instructional examples for supporting students who need help in this area. Videos cover counting principles, common errors, counting with manipulatives, counting on to add, counting on to subtract, grouping objects by ones, tens, and hundreds, and comparing numbers. 

View the Teaching Counting videos

View the Place Value Concepts videos.