Interactive DBI Process

Intensive intervention helps students with severe and persistent learning or behavioral needs. The Center's approach to intensive intervention is data-based individualization (DBI).

What is DBI?
DBI is a research-based process for individualizing and intensifying interventions through the systematic use of assessment data, validated interventions, and research-based adaptation strategies.

Click on the components in the graphic to learn more about the steps in the DBI process and find relevant resources.

Click here to learn more about DBI.


View this video to learn why intensive intervention and DBI are critical

Flowchart depicting the steps in DBI. 1. Validated Intervention Program 2. Progress Monitor. If responsive, go back to Progress Monitor. If unresponsive move to step 3. Diagnostic Assessment/Functional Behavior Assessment. 4. Intervention Adaptation. 5. Progress Monitor. If responsive, go back to Progress Monitor. If unresponsive go back to step 3.

Link to resources regarding Validated Intervention ProgramLink to resources regarding Intervention AdaptationLink to resources regarding Diagnostic Assessment/Functional Behavior AssessmentLink to resources regarding Progress MonitorLink to resources regarding Progress Monitor


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Spotlight on Sample Behavior Strategies & Resources

Find information about behavioral strategies, considerations for implementation and sample resources. 

View the strategies and considerations.

Updated Behavior Tools Charts

View the recently updated versions of the Behavioral Progress Monitoring Tools Chart and Behavioral Intervention Tools Chart! Find new progress monitoring tools and additional studies of interventions that can be used to support students with severe and persistent behavioral needs. 

Ask the Expert

What is the DBI-TLC project and how is it supporting the implementation of data-based instruction for struggling writers?
Erica Lembke

Watch and Listen as Dr. Erica Lembke, an Associate Professor in the Department of Special Education at the University of Missouri and NCII Trainer, discusses an Institute for Education Sciences project focused on training teachers to support struggling writers through a data-based individualization approach. 

Measuring Fidelity of Implementation

In the webinar, Results Driven Accountability and Intensive Intervention: Using MTSS to Improve Outcomes for Students with Disabilities, Dr. Chris Lemons, Dr. Chris Riley-Tillman, and Dr. Laura Kuchle discussed the DBI Implementation Rubric and Interview. The rubric is aligned with the essential components of DBI and the infrastructure that is necessary for successful implementation in Grades K–6. It describes levels of implementation on a 1–5 scale across DBI components. The rubric is accompanied by the DBI Implementation Interview which includes guiding questions that may be used for a self-assessment or structured interview of a school’s DBI leadership team. View the webinar and rubric