Interactive DBI Process

Intensive intervention helps students with severe and persistent learning or behavioral needs. The Center's approach to intensive intervention is data-based individualization (DBI).

What is DBI?
DBI is a research-based process for individualizing and intensifying interventions through the systematic use of assessment data, validated interventions, and research-based adaptation strategies.

Click on the components in the graphic to learn more about the steps in the DBI process and find relevant resources.

Read more about DBI and view this video to learn why intensive intervention is critical.


View the NCII web tour to learn about navigating the site.

Flowchart depicting the steps in DBI. 1. Validated Intervention Program 2. Progress Monitor. If responsive, go back to Progress Monitor. If unresponsive move to step 3. Diagnostic Assessment/Functional Behavior Assessment. 4. Intervention Adaptation. 5. Progress Monitor. If responsive, go back to Progress Monitor. If unresponsive go back to step 3.

Link to resources regarding Validated Intervention ProgramLink to resources regarding Intervention AdaptationLink to resources regarding Diagnostic Assessment/Functional Behavior AssessmentLink to resources regarding Progress MonitorLink to resources regarding Progress Monitor


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Data Meeting Tools


Looking for tools to support your data meetings? Check out the series of pre-meeting, initial meeting, and progress monitoring meeting resources. Find a draft agenda, note-taking template, and facitiator and participant guides. View the tools

DBI Training Series


NCII has developed a series of eight training modules that are aimed at district or school teams involved in initial planning or implementation of DBI as a framework for providing intensive intervention in academics and behavior.  View the full series

Ask the Expert

What do you need to consider when selecting a behavioral progress monitoring tool?

Watch and listen as Dr. Chris Riley-Tillman, a Professor at the University of Missouri and NCII Center Trainer, discusses the important considerations when selecting behavioral progress monitoring tools. 

Updated Implementation Rubric and Interview

NCII has released an updated version of the DBI Implementation Rubric and Interview. These tools have been revised based on two years of use with NCII partner schools. Facilitators’ feedback resulted in new and refined items, additional sample interview questions, and an interview template that supports separate ratings for DBI implementation in reading, mathematics, and behavior. View the Rubric and Interview