Interactive DBI Process

Intensive intervention helps students with severe and persistent learning or behavioral needs. The Center's approach to intensive intervention is data-based individualization (DBI).

What is DBI?
DBI is a research-based process for individualizing and intensifying interventions through the systematic use of assessment data, validated interventions, and research-based adaptation strategies.

Click on the components in the graphic to learn more about the steps in the DBI process and find relevant resources.

Click here to learn more about DBI.


View this video to learn why intensive intervention and DBI are critical

Flowchart depicting the steps in DBI. 1. Validated Intervention Program 2. Progress Monitor. If responsive, go back to Progress Monitor. If unresponsive move to step 3. Diagnostic Assessment/Functional Behavior Assessment. 4. Intervention Adaptation. 5. Progress Monitor. If responsive, go back to Progress Monitor. If unresponsive go back to step 3.

Link to resources regarding Validated Intervention ProgramLink to resources regarding Intervention AdaptationLink to resources regarding Diagnostic Assessment/Functional Behavior AssessmentLink to resources regarding Progress MonitorLink to resources regarding Progress Monitor


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Spotlight on Sample Lessons & Activities

Find information about behavioral strategies, considerations for implementation and sample resources. 

View the strategies and considerations.

Data Meeting Resources

Find student meeting protocols to support data team meetings for students receiving intensive intervention. Tools include resources to support pre-meetings, initial meetings, and progress monitoring meetings. View the tools.

Ask the Expert

How can schools support staff within DBI implementation?
Ellen Reinhardt

Watch and listen as Ellen Reinhardt, MTSS Technical Assistance Provider in Rhode Island and NCII Coach, shares how schools can help to support staff during DBI implementation. 

Updated Academic Progress Monitoring Tools Chart

NCII has released an updated Academic Progress Monitoring Tools Chart that represents the third annual review of academic progress monitoring tools for math, reading, and writing by the Center’s Technical Review Committee. Find new tools and updated ratings on both the general outcome measures chart and mastery measures chart. NCII publishes this tools chart to assist educators and families in becoming informed consumers who can select progress monitoring tools that best meet their individual needs. Please note that the Center does not endorse or recommend the tools included in the chart.

View the updated chart