Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales (SSIS)

Scale: Problem Behavior

Descriptive Information Usage Acquisition and Cost Program Specifications and Requirements Training

The Social Skills Improvement System (SSIS) Rating Scales consists of standardized, norm-referenced scales. It documents the perceived frequency and importance of behaviors influencing students' development of social competence and adaptive functioning in school, home, and community settings.

The SSIS Rating Scales measures seven domains of social skills functioning: Communication, Cooperation, Assertion, Responsibility, Empathy, Engagement, and Self-Control; and five domains of competing problem behaviors: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Inattention, Internalizing, and Autism Spectrum. It provides a brief assessment of problem behaviors that may interfere with a student's ability to acquire or perform social skills, and it includes a broad measure of academic performance.

The SSIS Rating Scales assists professionals in screening and classifying students suspected of having significant social skills deficits and aids in the development of interventions for those students. It uses a multirater approach that may include ratings from teachers, parents, and the students themselves. 

SSIS is intended for use for students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. The program is intended for use with students in general education.

The tool provides information on student behavior in English.

Pearson

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Phone: 800-627-7271

Website: www.pearsonassessments.com

 

SSIS Rating Scales Hand-Scored Starter Sets

Hand-Scored Starter Sets - English -Includes manual, one pkg of each form: Teacher, Parent, Student ages 8-12, Student ages 13-18 - $261.00

Hand-Scored Starter Sets - English/Spanish - Includes manual, one pkg of each form: Teacher, Parent, Student ages 8-12, Student ages 13-18 - $342.40

Administration Materials

SSIS Rating Scales Manual - $109.30

SSIS Rating Scales - Hand-Scored English Forms - Teacher - (ages 3-18) - Pkg. of 25 - $45.30

SSIS Rating Scales - Hand-Scored English Forms - Parent - (ages 3-18) - Pkg. of 25 - $45.30

SSIS Rating Scales - Hand-Scored English Forms - Student - (ages 8-12) - Pkg. of 25 - $45.30

SSIS Rating Scales - Hand-Scored English Forms - Student - (ages 13-18) - Pkg. of 25 - $45.30

SSIS Rating Scales - Computer-Entry Forms-English - Teacher - (ages 3-18) - Pkg. of 25 - $56.35

SSIS Rating Scales - Computer-Entry Forms-English - Parent - (ages 3-18) - Pkg. of 25 - $56.35

SSIS Rating Scales - Computer-Entry Forms-English - Student - (ages 8-12) - Pkg. of 25 - $56.35

SSIS Rating Scales - Computer-Entry Forms-English - Student - (ages 13-18) - Pkg. of 25 - $56.35

SSIS Rating Scales ASSIST Software CD-ROM (Win/Mac) - $279.50

SSIS Rating Scales ASSIST Software for Scanning CD-ROM (Win) - $662.60

SSIS ASSIST Starter Set - Computer-Entry (English) - includes manual, one pkg of each form: Teacher, Parent, Student ages 8-18; Student ages 13-18 and ASSIST Software - $543.60

SSIS ASSIST Starter Set - Computer-Entry (English/Spanish) - includes manual, one pkg of each form: Teacher, Parent, Student ages 8-18, Student ages 13-18 and ASSIST Software - $645.00

SSIS ASSIST Starter Set - Scanning (English) - (includes manual, one pkg of each form: Teacher, Parent, Student ages 8-18, Student ages 13-18 and ASSIST Software - $875.00

SSIS ASSIST Starter Set - Scanning (English/Spanish) - (includes manual, one pkg of each form: Teacher, Parent, Student ages 8-18, Student ages 13-18 and ASSIST Software - $976.00

SSIS Rating Scales - Computer-Entry Forms-Spanish - Parent - Pkg. of 25 - $56.35

SSIS Rating Scales - Computer-Entry Forms-Spanish - Student - (ages 8-12) -Pkg. of 25 - $56.35

SSIS Rating Scales - Computer-Entry Forms-Spanish - Student - (ages 13-18) - Pkg. of 25 - $56.35

SSIS Rating Scales - Hand-Scored Spanish Forms - Parent - Pkg. of 25 - $45.30

SSIS Rating Scales - Hand-Scored Spanish Forms - Student - (ages 8-12) -Pkg. of 25 - $45.30

SSIS Rating Scales - Hand-Scored Spanish Forms - Student - (ages 13-18) - Pkg. of 25 - $45.30

SSIS Audio CD of Rating Forms (English) - $45.50

Audio CD of Rating Forms (Spanish)         - $45.50

If a parent or student has difficulty reading the form, he or she may listen to the questions on the audio version (CD), or the administrator may read the questions aloud. If necessary, the rater can respond orally and the administrator can fill out the form.

Teachers, parents, and students are raters on corresponding forms. Forms are scored by various school professionals, such as  psychologists, general education teachers, or special education teachers.

The recommended administration setting is a general education classroom, special education classroom, or a school office.

SSIS is designed for use with individual students.

SSIS uses a rating scale for the assessment format.

Administration time per student is 15-20 minutes.

Students cannot be rated concurrently.

Alternate forms are available.

Less than 30 minutes of training are required for the rater.

Minimum qualifications of the rater are at least 2 months of supervision/interaction, multiple times per week.

Training manuals and materials are field-tested and included in the cost of the intervention.

Ongoing technical support is available at 800-627-7271.

 

Sensitive to Student Change: Unconvincing Evidence

Case Study

Background of the Case

Andrew, an 8-year-old third-grade student, was referred for intervention because of aggressive and disruptive behavior in the classroom. According to his teacher, Andrew often bullied and became angry with others and frequently refused to comply with requests and instructions. His teacher noted that Andrew had few friends and that his peers seldom played with him during free periods.

In consultation with Andrew’s parents, it was discovered that Andrew also showed a pattern of noncompliant behavior at home, problems with his temper, and some aggressive interactions with children in their neighborhood. In addition to his social problems, Andrew was starting to have some difficulties with math and reading.

The behavior specialist at Andrew’s school recommended a comprehensive evaluation of Andrew’s behavior at home and in school. As part of the evaluation, Andrew’s teacher and Andrew’s mother were asked to complete an SSIS Ratings Scales form. Andrew was also invited to complete the SSIS Rating Scales Student Form (Ages 8–12) to determine to what extent he was aware of his own behavior and social interactions.

Levels of Performance Specified: Partially Convincing Evidence

Are levels of performance specified in your manual or published materials?

Yes.

Specify the levels of performance:

Behavior Levels 

The behavior level represents a type of derived score that indicates the position of an individual’s subscale raw score in relation to the distribution of raw scores in a normative group. Behavior levels consist of three ordered categories with cutpoints based on SD units.

The Below Average level is assigned to all raw scores that fall more than 1 SD below the mean (i.e., standard score < 85). An individual with a Below Average level on a Social Skills subscale exhibits fewer than the average number of social skills for individuals in his or her norm group.

The Average level is assigned to all scores that fall within 1 SD of the mean (i.e., 85 ≤ standard score ≥ 115). An individual with an Average level on a Social Skills subscale exhibits about the same number of social skills as the average individual in his or her norm group.

The Above Average level is assigned to all scores that fall more than 1 SD above the mean (i.e., standard score > 115). An individual with an Above Average level on a Social Skills subscale exhibits more than the average number of social skills for individuals in his or her norm group. 

 

Describe how the levels of performance are used for progress monitoring: 

Behavior levels are broad ranges and were chosen in part because the precision of measurement (i.e., reliability) of the scales does not support finer categories. Also, using broad categories helps differentiate the purpose of subscale scores from scale scores. Subscale scores are used to facilitate the analysis of strengths and weaknesses along with intervention planning. Scale scores, on the other hand, are used for placement and classification decisions, which require using a more precise measurement scale.

In the evaluation of behavior levels, look for patterns of strengths and weaknesses. If one or more Social Skills subscale behavior levels are either Below Average or Above Average, or at least one of the Problem Behaviors subscale behavior levels is Above Average, use the Model of Social Behavioral Strengths and Weaknesses for further analysis. If all subscales are in the Average range, further analysis is not necessary as the individual is demonstrating a typical level of social skills and problem behaviors.

The ASSIST software provides the SSIS Rating Scales validity index summary, score summary, narrative description of score results, intervention planning, and item rating summary effectively and efficiently. This program reports raw scores, standard scores, percentile ranks, and confidence intervals for scales; raw scores and behavior levels for subscales; and a comprehensive item-level analysis sorted by category (e.g., Social Skills Strength, Performance or Acquisition Deficit, and/or Competing Problem Behavior) and by subscale. The

SSIS Rating Scales ASSIST will be particularly helpful for sorting the items to identify target behaviors linked to possible interventions. Because the SSIS Rating Scales can be used to assess change, the SSIS Rating Scales ASSIST software program also generates a Progress Report. This report provides both visual and statistical analysis of changes in an individual’s level of social skills, problem behaviors, and academic competence over time and can accommodate up to five ratings with the same type of form (e.g., five Teacher Form ratings).

Figure 3.7 shows a sample Progress Report with three sets of Social Skills ratings. Standard scores with confidence intervals are presented in the chart. The actual scores are also presented in a table. The table includes the following administration information: (a) rating number, (b) date of rating, and (c) respondent’s name. It also presents important test score information including: (a) scale raw score, (b) standard score, (c) confidence interval, and (d) percentile rank for each administration. The last two columns of the table indicate whether the standard score changed significantly from the first administration (baseline) and whether each standard score is significantly greater than the standard score from the preceding administration. An asterisk indicates a change that is significant at the .05 level.

In measuring progress, it is important to allow enough time between administrations of the SSIS Rating Scales for behavioral changes to occur. When used in conjunction with the SSIS Intervention Guide social skills training program, it is recommended to allow at least 4 weeks between administrations. The SSIS Intervention Guide includes a progress monitoring tool that can be used more frequently; however, only the SSIS Rating Scales provides a statistical treatment of change.

What is the basis for specifying levels of performance?

Norm-referenced.

If norm-referenced, describe the normative profile:

Representation: National 

Date: March 2006

Number of States: 34 and Puerto Rico

Regions: Northeast, North Central, South, West

Size: 4,700

Gender: 50% Male, 50% Female

Representation of the Norm Sample, by Form, Age, Norm group, and Mother's Education Levela

  Grade 11 or less Grade 12 or GED 1-3 years of college 4 or more years of college  
  Sample  US Sample US Sample US Sample US  
Form, age, and norm group N % Pop.a (%) N % Pop.a (%) N % Pop.a (%) N % Pop.a (%) Total N
Teacher                          
3-5                          
Female 15 15   28 28   27 27   30 30   100
Male 15 15   28 28   28 28   29 29   100
Combined 30 15 14.7 56 28 27.7 55 27.5 28 59 29.5 29.5 200
5-12                          
Female 38 13.8   78 28.4   85 30.9   74 26.9   275
Male 38 13.8   77 28   86 31.3   74 26.9   275
Combined 76 13.8 13.8 155 28.2 27.8 171 31.1 30.2 148 26.9 28.1 550
13-18                          
Female 14 14   31 31   29 29   26 26   100
Male 12 12   30 30   32 32   26 26   100
Combined 26 13 12.8 61 30.5 30.3 61 30.5 30.6 52 26 26.4 200
                           
Parent                          
3-5                          
Female 26 13   57 28.5   57 28.5   60 30   200
Male 29 14.5   55 27.5   58 29   58 29   200
Combined 55 13.8 14.7 112 28 27.7 115 28.8 28 118 29.5 29.5 400
5-12                          
Female 132 13.2   283 28.3   303 30.3   282 28.2   1000
Male 129 12.9   284 28.4   304 30.4   283 28.3   1000
Combined 261 13.1 13.8 567 28.4 27.8 607 30.4 30.2 565 28.3 28.1 2000
13-18                          
Female 26 13   60 30   61 30.5   53 26.5   200
Male 25 12.5   61 30.5   61 30.5   53 26.5   200
Combined 51 12.8 12.8 121 30.3 30.3 122 30.5 30.6 106 26.5 26.4 400
                           
Student                          
8-12                          
Female 34 13.6   71 28.4   76 30.4   69 27.6   250
Male 34 13.6   71 28.4   76 30.4   69 27.6   250
Combined 68 13.6 13.6 142 28.4 28.8 152 30.4 30.4 138 27.6 27.2 500
13-18                          
Female 20 13.3   46 30.7   45 30   39 26   150
Male 18 12   47 31.3   46 30.7   39 26   150
Combined 38 12.7 12.8 93 31 30.3 91 30.3 30.6 78 26 26.4 300

 

Representation of the Norm Sample by Form, Age, Norm Group, and Race/Ethnicity

  African American Hispanic White Othera  
  Sample  US Sample US Sample US Sample US  
Form, age, and norm group N % Pop.a (%) N % Pop.a (%) N % Pop.a (%) N % Pop.a (%) Total N
Teacher                          
3-5                          
Female 16 16   22 22   55 55   7 7   100
Male 16 16   22 22   56 56   6 6   100
Combined 32 16 15.5 44 22 21.9 111 55.5 56.2 13 6.5 6.4 200
5-12                          
Female 43 15.6   55 20   160 58.2   17 6.2   275
Male 43 15.6   55 20   159 57.8   18 6.5   275
Combined 86 15.6 15.5 110 20 20 319 58 58.1 35 6.4 6.4 550
13-18                          
Female 14 14   16 16   63 63   7 7   100
Male 16 16   18 18   60 60   6 6   100
Combined 30 15 15.9 34 17 17.3 123 61.5 60.7 13 6.5 6.1 200
                           
Parent                          
3-5                          
Female 31 15.5   39 19.5   116 58   14 7   200
Male 31 15.5   45 22.5   111 55.5   13 6.5   200
Combined 62 15.5 15.5 84 21 21.9 227 56.8 56.2 27 6.8 6.4 400
5-12                          
Female 157 15.7   200 20   578 57.8   65 6.5   1000
Male 155 15.5   200 20   586 58.6   59 5.9   1000
Combined 312 15.6 15.5 400 20 20 1164 58.2 58.1 124 6.2 6.4 2000
13-18                          
Female 32 16   35 17.5   121 60.5   12 6   200
Male 32 16   35 17.5   121 60.5   12 6   200
Combined 64 16 15.9 70 17.5 17.3 242 60.5 60.7 24 6 6.1 400
                           
Student                          
8-12                          
Female 39 15.6   49 19.6   146 58.4   16 6.4   250
Male 39 15.6   49 19.6   146 58.4   16 6.4   250
Combined 78 15.6 15.5 98 19.6 19.4 292 58.4 58.6 32 6.4 6.4 500
13-18                          
Female 23 15.3   27 18   90 60   10 6.7   150
Male 21 14   27 18   92 61.3   10 6.7   150
Combined 44 14.7 15.9 54 18 17.3 182 60.7 60.7 20 6.7 6.1 300

Note. Row percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.
aIncludes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Pacific Islanders, and all other groups not classified as African American, Hispanic, or White.
bData from US Census Bureau (2006). Current Population Survey, March 2006

 

Representation of the Norm Sample, by Educational Classification/Diagnosis and Form, Ages 3-5

  Teacher Form Parent Form  
  Female Male  Combined Female Male Combined  
Educational classification/diagnosis N N N % N N N % US Pop.a (%)
Autism spectrum disorder 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 0.8 0.2
Developmental delay 2 2 4 2 3 9 12 3 1.9
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 0 0 0 0 1 5 6 1.5 0.1
Intellectual disabilityb 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.3 0.2
Specific learning disability 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.3 0.1
Speech/language impairment 2 3 5 2.5 4 13 17 4.3 2.7
Otherc 0 3 3 1.5 1 7 8 2 0.4

aData from U.S. Department of Education (2004). Twenty-Sixth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act
bReported as "Mental Retardation" by U.S. Department of Education.
cIncludes deafness/blindness, hearing impairments, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairments, other health impairments, traumatic brain injury, and visual impairments.

 

Representation of the Norm Sample, by Educational Classifiation/Diagnosis and the Teacher and Parent Forms Ages 5-12, and the Student Form, Ages 8-12

  Ages 5-12   Ages 8-12  
  Teacher Form Parent Form   Student Form  
  Female Male  Combined Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined  
Educational classification/diagnosis N N N % N N N % US Pop.a (%) N N N % US Pop.(%)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorderh 6 15 21 4.3 24 58 82 4.6 4.0c,d 10 10 20 4 4.0c,d
Autism spectrum disorder 0 3 3 0.5 3 6 9 0.5 0.3 0 2 2 0.4 0.3
Developmental delaya 1 1 2 0.6 1 5 6 0.5 0.5f 1 0 1 0.5 0.2g
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 0 2 2 0.4 4 8 12 0.6 0.6 0 3 3 0.6 0.8
Gifted/talentedb 18 16 34 6.9 63 63 126 7.1 6.3c,h 16 16 32 6.4 6.3c,h
Intellectual disabilityi 1 3 4 0.7 4 7 11 0.6 0.8 1 3 4 0.8 1
Specific learning disability 12 7 19 3.5 35 40 75 3.8 4 14 15 29 5.8 5.8
Speech/language impairment 8 12 20 3.6 27 46 73 3.7 3.5 5 9 14 2.8 2.8
Otheri 3 4 7 1.3 9 12 21 1.1 1.2 1 3 4 0.8 1.5

aData from U.S. Department of Education (2004). Twenty-Sixth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act
bAges 6-12 for Teacher and Parent Forms. cAges 6-18.
dData from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1999). Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General.
eAges 5-9 for Teacher and Parent Formsl Ages 8-9 for Student Form. fAges 5-9. gAges 8-9
hData from U.S. Department of Education (2003). Digest of Education Statistics.
iReported as "Mental Retardation" by U.S. Department of Education.
jIncludes deafness/blindness, hearing impairments, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairments, other health impairments, traumatic brain injury, and visual impairments.

 

Representation of the Norm Sample, by Educational Classification/Diagnosis and Form, Ages 13-18

  Teacher Form Parent Form Student Form  
  Female Male  Combined Female Male Combined Female Male Combined  
Educational classification/diagnosis N N N % N N N % N N N % US Pop.(%)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorderh 4 6 10 5 7 9 16 4 6 7 13 4.3 4.0b,c
Autism spectrum disorder 0 1 1 0.5 0 3 3 0.8 0 1 1 0.3 0.1
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 0 2 2 1 0 2 2 0.5 0 4 4 1.3 1.1
Gifted/talented 6 8 14 7 14 11 25 6.3 11 9 20 6.7 6.3b,d
Intellectual disabilityb 1 3 4 2 0 3 3 0.8 1 5 6 2 1.2
Specific learning disability 2 4 6 3 8 16 24 6 8 12 20 6.7 6.4
Speech/language impairment 2 0 2 1 0 2 2 0.5 2 1 3 1 0.4
Otherf 2 3 5 2.5 0 1 1 0.3 1 0 1 0.3 1.3

aData from U.S. Department of Education (2004). Twenty-Sixth Annual Report to Congress on the Implementation of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act
bAges 6-18.
cData from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (1999). Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General.
dData from U.S. Department of Education (2003). Digest of Education Statistics.
eReported as "Mental Retardation" by U.S. Department of Education.
fIncludes deafness/blindness, hearing impairments, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairments, other health impairments, traumatic brain injury, and visual impairments.

Data to Support Intervention Change: Data Unavailable

Data to Support Intervention Choice: Unconvincing Evidence

Are validated decision rules for what intervention(s) to select specified in your manual or published materials? 

Yes.

Specify the decision rules: 

The heuristic framework presented in the Model of Social Behavioral Strengths and Weaknesses which was originally developed for the Social Skills Rating System (SSRS™; Gresham & Elliott, 1990), provides a structure for classifying social skills deficits using results from the SSIS Rating Scales. It is through this framework that assessment results are linked to specific interventions with a history of effectiveness for teaching or increasing prosocial behaviors and for decreasing or eliminating problem behaviors.

Evidentiary basis: 

The effectiveness of social skills interventions is based on several interrelated factors that should be considered in the design, implementation, and evaluation processes. The intensity of the intervention must match the intensity and severity of the social skills deficits and competing problem behaviors.

One approach describes three levels of prevention outcomes: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. This conceptualization considers prevention as an outcome rather than simply a means to an end (Sprague & Walker, 2005).

This prevention model has subsequently been viewed in terms of types of interventions that differ in nature, comprehensiveness, and intensity, as well as the degree of the student’s unresponsiveness to a given level of intervention intensity (Gresham, 2004). The three levels that precede referral to special education are universal interventions, selected interventions, and targeted interventions.

Research has shown that universal interventions will be effective with approximately 80 to 85% of any given school population (Sugai, Horner, & Gresham, 2002; Walker, Ramsey, & Gresham, 2004). This figure may be lower or higher given the severity level of behavior challenges in a particular school or school district and is also dependent upon the quality of the universal intervention implemented.

Selected interventions are intended for students who do not respond or respond poorly to universal interventions. Approximately 10 to 15% of students will require selected interventions (Sugai et al., 2002). The most intense level of intervention focuses on students who are the most resistant to change and who exhibit chronic academic and/or social behavioral difficulties. It is estimated that these students constitute 1 to 5% of the school-aged population yet account for 40 to 50% of behavior disruptions in schools and use 50 to 60% of school building and classroom resources (Sugai et al., 2002; Walker et al., 2004). The goal of interventions for this group of students is to decrease the frequency and intensity of problem behaviors and to teach positive replacement behaviors that will successfully compete with problem behaviors (Maag, 2006; Sugai et al., 2002). Targeted interventions require a functional behavioral assessment to identify the conditions that reinforce the occurrence of problem behaviors (Gresham et al., 2001; Watson & Steege, 2003).

Gresham, F. M. (2004). Current status and future directions of school-based behavioral interventions. School Psychology Review, 33, 326–343.

Gresham, F. M., Watson, T. S., & Skinner, C. H. (2001). Functional behavioral assessment: Principles, procedures, and future directions. School Psychology Review, 30, 156–172.

Maag, J. W. (2006). Social skills training for students with emotional and behavioral disorders: A review of reviews. Behavioral Disorders, 32(1), 4–17.

Sprague, J. R., & Walker, H. M. (2005). Safe and healthy schools: Practical prevention strategies. New York: Guilford.

Sugai, G., Horner, R. H., & Gresham, F. M. (2002). Behaviorally effective school environments. In M. R. Shinn, H. M. Walker, & G. Stoner (Eds.), Interventions for academic and behavior problems II: Preventive and remedial approaches (pp. 315–350). Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.

Walker, H. M., Ramsey, E., & Gresham, F. M. (2004). Anti-social behavior in school: Evidence-based practices (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Watson, T. S., & Steege, M. W. (2003). Conducting school-based functional behavioral assessments: A practitioner’s guide. New York: Guilford.

Reliability: Partially Convincing Evidence

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 3-5, 5-12, 13-18

Internal Consistency Reliability: Coefficient Alpha for the Teacher Form Scales and Subscales, by Age and Norm Group

Teacher Form Ages 3-5   Ages 5-12   Ages 13-18
  Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined
Social Skills 0.96 0.97 0.97   0.96 0.97 0.97   0.97 0.97 0.97
Communication 0.84 0.85 0.85   0.85 0.85 0.86   0.86 0.85 0.86
Cooperation 0.89 0.9 0.9   0.9 0.92 0.91   0.89 0.9 0.9
Assertion 0.83 0.89 0.87   0.82 0.84 0.83   0.88 0.87 0.87
Responsibility 0.9 0.9 0.9   0.91 0.9 0.91   0.88 0.9 0.9
Empathy 0.86 0.88 0.88   0.89 0.93 0.92   0.93 0.88 0.91
Engagement 0.84 0.91 0.89   0.81 0.85 0.84   0.9 0.87 0.89
Self-Control 0.86 0.92 0.9   0.89 0.91 0.9   0.94 0.91 0.93
                       
Problem Behaviors 0.94 0.94 0.94   0.94 0.95 0.95   0.95 0.96 0.96
Externalizing 0.93 0.93 0.93   0.94 0.93 0.93   0.95 0.93 0.94
Bullying 0.74 0.76 0.75   0.74 0.79 0.78   0.73 0.75 0.75
Hyperactivity/Inattention 0.88 0.91 0.9   0.9 0.9 0.9   0.88 0.89 0.89
Internalizing 0.78 0.83 0.81   0.82 0.83 0.83   0.9 0.9 0.9
Autism Spectrum 0.84 0.89 0.88   0.87 0.89 0.88   0.87 0.87 0.87
                       
Academic Competence - - -   0.97 0.97 0.97   0.97 0.94 0.96
Median scale reliability 0.95 0.96 0.96   0.96 0.97 0.97   0.97 0.96 0.96
Median subscale reliability 0.85 0.9 0.89   0.88 0.9 0.89   0.89 0.89 0.9
 

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 3-5, 5-12, 13-18

Internal Consistency Reliability: Coefficient Alpha for the Parent Form Scales and Subscales, by Age and Norm Group

Parent Form Ages 3-5   Ages 5-12   Ages 13-18
  Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined
Social Skills 0.95 0.97 0.96   0.95 0.95 0.95   0.95 0.96 0.96
Communication 0.72 0.78 0.76   0.74 0.74 0.74   0.76 0.83 0.8
Cooperation 0.83 0.87 0.86   0.82 0.84 0.83   0.84 0.85 0.85
Assertion 0.78 0.83 0.81   0.73 0.76 0.75   0.75 0.8 0.77
Responsibility 0.84 0.87 0.86   0.83 0.84 0.84   0.84 0.87 0.86
Empathy 0.84 0.89 0.88   0.85 0.86 0.86   0.87 0.88 0.87
Engagement 0.87 0.86 0.86   0.83 0.84 0.83   0.86 0.87 0.86
Self-Control 0.81 0.84 0.83   0.84 0.84 0.84   0.86 0.85 0.85
                       
Problem Behaviors 0.93 0.94 0.94   0.93 0.94 0.94   0.93 0.96 0.95
Externalizing 0.89 0.9 0.9   0.88 0.9 0.89   0.88 0.92 0.9
Bullying 0.82 0.82 0.82   0.75 0.77 0.76   0.73 0.85 0.81
Hyperactivity/Inattention 0.86 0.84 0.85   0.84 0.85 0.85   0.82 0.86 0.84
Internalizing 0.75 0.83 0.8   0.83 0.82 0.82   0.84 0.9 0.87
Autism Spectrum 0.8 0.87 0.85   0.82 0.83 0.83   0.81 0.88 0.85
                       
Median scale reliability 0.94 0.96 0.95   0.94 0.95 0.95   0.94 0.96 0.96
Median subscale reliability 0.83 0.85 0.85   0.83 0.84 0.83   0.84 0.87 0.85

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Student Form

Age Range: 3-7, 8-12, 13-18

Internal Consistency Reliability: Coefficient Alpha for the Student Form Scales and Subscales, by Age and Norm Group

Student Form Ages 3-7   Ages 8-12   Ages 13-18
  Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined
Social Skills -- -- --   0.94 0.95 0.94   0.95 0.95 0.95
Communication -- -- --   0.75 0.76 0.76   0.78 0.83 0.81
Cooperation -- -- --   0.76 0.8 0.79   0.84 0.82 0.83
Assertion -- -- --   0.72 0.77 0.75   0.75 0.75 0.75
Responsibility -- -- --   0.73 0.7 0.72   0.81 0.79 0.8
Empathy -- -- --   0.79 0.79 0.8   0.8 0.84 0.83
Engagement -- -- --   0.73 0.75 0.74   0.8 0.76 0.78
Self-Control -- -- --   0.78 0.81 0.79   0.84 0.82 0.83
  -- -- --                
Problem Behaviors -- -- --   0.9 0.92 0.91   0.94 0.95 0.95
Externalizing -- -- --   0.84 0.86 0.86   0.89 0.91 0.9
Bullying -- -- --   0.78 0.78 0.79   0.82 0.82 0.82
Hyperactivity/Inattention -- -- --   0.81 0.77 0.79   0.84 0.88 0.86
Internalizing -- -- --   0.81 0.83 0.82   0.87 0.88 0.88
  -- -- --                
Median scale reliability -- -- --   0.92 0.94 0.93   0.95 0.95 0.95
Median subscale reliability -- -- --   0.78 0.78 0.79   0.82 0.82 0.82

 

Demographic Characteristics of Interrater Reliability Study Samples, by Form

Characteristic Teacher Form Parent Form Student Form
N 144 115 127
       
Age      
Mean (years:months) 9:00 8:00 11:07
SD (months) 50.4 50.8 26.9
       
Sex      
Female 60 54 72
Male 84 61 55
       
Race/ethnicity      
African American 14 15 15
Hispanic 18 6 7
White 96 85 96
Othera 16 9 9
       
Mother'sb education      
Grade 11 or less 20 6 8
Grade 12 or GED 52 15 31
1-3 years of college 42 45 44
4 or more years of college 30 49 44
       
Region      
Northeast 18 47 16
North Central 45 43 48
South 53 13 45
West 28 12 18
       
Test interval (days)      
Range 2-87 27-87 43-84
Mean  42.6 60.6 65.7

aIncludes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Pacific Islanders, and all other groups not classified as African American, Hispanic, or White.
bIf mother's or female guardian's education level was not reported, father's or male guardian's education level was used.

 

Subscales: Academic Competence

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 3-18

Test-retest Reliability Coefficients for Scales and Subscales for the Teacher Form, Ages 3-18

    First administration Second administration   Correlation
Scale and subscale N Mean SD Mean SD Average differencea Adj rb
Social Skills 144 100.6 16.2 99.7 16.1 -0.9 0.84 0.82
Communication 144 16.1 3.7 15.9 3.8 -0.2 0.76 0.76
Cooperation 144 13.3 3.7 13.4 4 0.1 0.86 0.85
Assertion 144 12.6 5 12.5 4.7 -0.1 0.74 0.68
Responsibility 144 14 3.6 13.5 3.8 -0.5 0.82 0.83
Empathy 144 12.3 4.1 11.8 3.8 -0.5 0.78 0.75
Engagement 144 14.5 4.2 14.6 4.3 0.1 0.83 0.8
Self-Control 144 13.7 5.5 13.9 5.6 0.2 0.86 0.81
                 
Problem Behaviors 144 97.9 13.8 98 14.4 0.1 0.81 0.83
Externalizing 144 4.3 5.8 4.2 6.3 -0.1 0.84 0.86
Bullying 144 1.2 2.2 1.1 2.1 -0.1 0.75 0.76
Hyperactivity/Inattention 144 3.9 4.1 3.8 4.5 -0.1 0.82 0.84
Internalizing 144 3.1 3.2 3.1 3.6 0 0.81 0.82
Autism Spectrum 144 8 6 8.2 6.3 0.2 0.85 0.85
                 
Academic Competencec 96 101.2 15.9 100.9 15.8 -0.3 0.93 0.92
Median scale reliability             0.84 0.83
Median subscale reliability             0.82 0.81

Note. Units are raw scores for subscales and standard scoers for scales.
aDifference equals mean from second administration minus mean from first administration
bAll reliability coefficients were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p. 58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample obtained on the first testing.
cAges 5-18

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 3-18

Test-retest Reliability Coefficients for Scales and Subscales for the Parent Form, Ages 3-18

  First
Administration
Second
Administration
  Correlation
Scale and subscale N Mean SD Mean SD Average
Difference
r Adj rb
Social Skills 110 99.4 15 98.5 14.6 -0.9 0.62 0.62
Communication 110 15.9 3 15.6 3.1 -0.3 0.62 0.61
Cooperation 110 13.1 3 12.8 3.3 -0.3 0.67 0.65
Assertion 110 14.7 3.5 14.7 2.9 0 0.35 0.37
Responsibility 110 12.8 3.3 12.6 3.2 -0.2 0.7 0.69
Empathy 110 13.2 3.2 12.8 3.2 -0.4 0.51 0.52
Engagement 110 14.9 3.7 14.8 3.1 -0.1 0.54 0.57
Self-Control 110 12 4.2 12.4 3.7 0.4 0.62 0.6
                 
Problem Behaviors 110 99.3 12.6 100.6 14.6 1.3 0.47 0.5
Externalizing 110 7 5.3 7 5.3 0 0.57 0.58
Bullying 110 1.1 1.6 1.2 1.9 0.1 0.37 0.38
Hyperactivity/Inattention 110 5 3.5 5.2 3.8 0.2 0.58 0.61
Internalizing 110 4.2 3.4 4.7 3.9 0.5 0.39 0.43
Autism Spectrum 110 8.4 4.8 9.3 5.4 0.9 0.58 0.61
                 
Median scale reliability             0.55 0.56
Median subscale reliability             0.58 0.59

Note. Units are raw scores for subscales and standard scoers for scales.
aDifference equals mean from Rater 2 minus mean from Rater 1.
bAll reliability coefficients were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p. 58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the pooled standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

Validity: Unconvincing Evidence

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 3-5

Intercorrelations of Scales and Subscales for the Teacher Form, Ages 3-5

  Scale and subscale
Scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum
Social Skills -- 0.93 0.82 0.77 0.89 0.8 0.84 0.85 -0.59 -0.52 -0.42 -0.59 -0.43 -0.89
Communication 0.93 -- 0.74 0.65 0.85 0.7 0.76 0.78 -0.51 -0.45 -0.38 -0.5 -0.36 -0.84
Cooperation 0.82 0.74 -- 0.44 0.84 0.54 0.57 0.76 -0.68 -0.68 -0.52 -0.75 -0.35 -0.72
Assertion 0.77 0.65 0.44 -- 0.56 0.59 0.75 0.49 -0.26 -0.11 -0.06 -0.25 -0.34 -0.66
Responsibility 0.89 0.85 0.84 0.56 -- 0.63 0.62 0.82 -0.58 -0.57 -0.44 -0.63 -0.3 -0.76
Empathy 0.8 0.7 0.54 0.59 0.63 -- 0.67 0.62 -0.44 -0.39 -0.37 -0.4 -0.36 -0.7
Engagement 0.84 0.76 0.57 0.75 0.62 0.67 -- 0.56 -0.43 -0.27 -0.24 -0.36 -0.52 -0.83
Self-Control 0.85 0.78 0.76 0.49 0.82 0.62 0.56 -- -0.61 -0.62 -0.52 -0.63 -0.32 -0.72
                             
Problem Behaviors -0.59 -0.51 -0.68 -0.26 -0.58 -0.44 -0.43 -0.61 -- 0.93 0.83 0.93 0.69 0.72
Externalizing -0.52 -0.45 -0.68 -0.11 -0.57 -0.39 -0.27 -0.62 0.93 -- 0.87 0.93 0.42 0.56
Bullying -0.42 -0.38 -0.52 -0.06 -0.44 -0.37 -0.24 -0.52 0.83 0.87 -- 0.73 0.45 0.47
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.59 -0.5 -0.75 -0.25 -0.63 -0.4 -0.36 -0.63 0.93 0.93 0.73 -- 0.48 0.64
Internalizing -0.43 -0.36 -0.35 -0.34 -0.3 -0.36 -0.52 -0.32 0.69 0.42 0.45 0.48 -- 0.59
Autism Spectrum -0.89 -0.84 -0.72 -0.66 -0.76 -0.7 -0.83 -0.72 0.72 0.56 0.47 0.64 0.59 --

= 200.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 5-12

Intercorrelations of Scales and Subscales for the Teacher Form, Ages 5-12

  Scale and subscale  
Scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence
Social Skills -- 0.91 0.82 0.58 0.89 0.87 79 0.84 -0.65 -0.64 -0.52 -0.64 -0.37 -0.84 0.5
Communication 0.91 -- 0.76 0.4 0.83 0.77 0.67 0.76 -0.63 -0.63 -0.52 -0.61 -0.33 -0.83 0.46
Cooperation 0.82 0.76 -- 0.24 0.87 0.63 0.49 0.71 -0.69 -0.72 -0.53 -0.77 -0.27 -0.68 0.57
Assertion 0.58 0.4 0.24 -- 0.31 0.48 0.6 0.27 -0.16 -0.07 -0.03 -0.12 -0.25 -0.42 0.32
Responsibility 0.89 0.83 0.87 0.31 -- 0.74 0.55 0.79 -0.7 -0.73 -0.6 -0.72 -0.28 -0.75 0.49
Empathy 0.87 0.77 0.63 0.48 0.74 -- 0.65 0.71 -0.49 -0.52 -0.47 -0.46 -0.22 -0.7 0.29
Engagement 0.79 0.67 0.49 0.6 0.55 0.65 -- 0.55 -0.42 -0.33 -0.27 -0.35 -0.4 -0.75 0.41
Self-Control 0.84 0.76 0.71 0.27 0.79 0.71 0.55 -- -0.65 -0.66 -0.54 -0.62 -0.36 -0.69 0.32
                               
Problem Behaviors -0.65 -0.63 -0.69 -0.16 -0.7 -0.49 -0.42 -0.65 -- 0.93 0.79 0.91 0.69 0.82 -0.41
Externalizing -0.64 -0.63 -0.72 -0.07 -0.73 -0.52 -0.33 -0.66 0.93 -- 0.88 0.89 0.44 0.71 -0.34
Bullying -0.52 -0.52 -0.53 -0.03 -0.6 -0.47 -0.27 -0.54 0.79 0.88 -- 0.68 0.33 0.59 -0.19
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.64 -0.61 -0.77 -0.12 -0.72 -0.46 -0.35 -0.62 0.91 0.89 0.68 -- 0.49 0.72 -0.46
Internalizing -0.37 -0.33 -0.27 -0.25 -0.28 -0.22 -0.4 -0.36 0.69 0.44 0.33 0.49 -- 0.61 -0.27
Autism Spectrum -0.84 -0.83 -0.68 -0.42 -0.75 -0.7 -0.75 -0.69 0.82 0.71 0.59 0.72 0.61 -- -0.46
                               
Academic Competence 0.5 0.46 0.57 0.32 0.49 0.29 0.41 0.32 -0.41 -0.34 -0.19 -0.46 -0.27 -0.46 --

= 550.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 13-18

Intercorrelations of Scales and Subscales for the Teacher Form, Ages 13-18

  Scale and subscale  
Scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence
Social Skills -- 0.89 0.78 0.73 0.84 0.84 0.83 0.83 -0.48 -0.46 -0.33 -0.5 -0.39 -0.82 0.53
Communication 0.89 -- 0.75 0.53 0.82 0.66 0.74 0.68 -0.52 -0.49 -0.35 -0.52 -0.43 -0.85 0.51
Cooperation 0.78 0.75 -- 0.32 0.85 0.54 0.53 0.61 -0.57 -0.61 -0.44 -0.68 -0.29 -0.66 0.58
Assertion 0.73 0.53 0.32 -- 0.37 0.63 0.7 0.5 -0.11 0 0.05 -0.06 -0.29 -0.52 0.32
Responsibility 0.84 0.82 0.85 0.37 -- 0.62 0.59 0.67 -0.57 -0.62 -0.43 -0.66 -0.32 -0.72 0.55
Empathy 0.84 0.66 0.54 0.63 0.62 -- 0.61 0.74 -0.25 -0.28 -0.23 -0.29 -0.12 -0.59 0.28
Engagement 0.83 0.74 0.53 0.7 0.59 0.61 -- 0.53 -0.39 -0.27 -0.19 -0.3 -0.55 -0.78 0.48
Self-Control 0.83 0.68 0.61 0.5 0.67 0.74 0.53 -- -0.44 -0.49 -0.39 -0.47 -0.25 -0.63 0.39
                               
Problem Behaviors -0.48 -0.52 -0.57 -0.11 -0.57 -0.25 -0.39 -0.44 -- 0.92 0.82 0.91 0.76 0.75 -0.44
Externalizing -0.46 -0.49 -0.61 0 -0.62 -0.28 -0.27 -0.49 0.92 -- 0.87 0.93 0.49 0.63 -0.37
Bullying -0.33 -0.35 -0.44 0.05 -0.43 -0.23 -0.19 -0.39 0.82 0.87 -- 0.75 0.44 0.51 -0.28
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.5 -0.52 -0.68 -0.06 -0.66 -0.29 -0.3 -0.47 0.91 0.93 0.75 -- 0.53 0.65 -0.46
Internalizing -0.39 -0.43 -0.29 -0.29 -0.32 -0.12 -0.55 -0.25 0.76 0.49 0.44 0.53 -- 0.7 -0.37
Autism Spectrum -0.82 -0.85 -0.66 -0.52 -0.72 -0.59 -0.78 -0.63 0.75 0.63 0.51 0.65 0.7 -- -0.53
                               
Academic Competence 0.53 0.51 0.58 0.32 0.55 0.28 0.48 0.39 -0.44 -0.37 -0.28 -0.46 -0.37 -0.53 --

= 200.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 3-5

Intercorrelations of Scales and Subscales for the Parent Form, Ages 3-5

  Scale and subscale
Scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum
Social Skills -- 0.86 0.83 0.81 0.87 0.84 0.79 0.82 -0.46 -0.5 -0.34 -0.47 -0.3 -0.78
Communication 0.86 -- 0.73 0.64 0.7 0.66 0.68 0.67 -0.45 -0.46 -0.34 -0.44 -0.3 -0.8
Cooperation 0.83 0.73 -- 0.56 0.8 0.61 0.52 0.72 -0.49 -0.57 -0.37 -0.53 -0.26 -0.63
Assertion 0.81 0.64 0.56 -- 0.63 0.71 0.64 0.53 -0.21 -0.22 -0.11 -0.23 -0.15 -0.54
Responsibility 0.87 0.7 0.8 0.63 -- 0.71 0.57 0.73 -0.46 -0.53 -0.35 -0.51 -0.27 -0.63
Empathy 0.84 0.66 0.61 0.71 0.71 -- 0.62 0.59 -0.31 -0.36 -0.26 -0.33 -0.17 -0.61
Engagement 0.79 0.68 0.52 0.64 0.57 0.62 -- 0.57 -0.34 -0.31 -0.22 -0.29 -0.32 -0.74
Self-Control 0.82 0.67 0.72 0.53 0.73 0.59 0.57 -- -0.45 -0.5 -0.34 -0.47 -0.28 -0.62
                             
Problem Behaviors -0.46 -0.45 -0.49 -0.21 -0.46 -0.31 -0.34 -0.45 -- 0.92 0.82 0.87 0.83 0.74
Externalizing -0.5 -0.46 -0.57 -0.22 -0.53 -0.36 -0.31 -0.5 0.92 -- 0.79 0.89 0.63 0.63
Bullying -0.34 -0.34 -0.37 -0.11 -0.35 -0.26 -0.22 -0.34 0.82 0.79 -- 0.63 0.63 0.57
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.47 -0.44 -0.53 -0.23 -0.51 -0.33 -0.29 -0.47 0.87 0.89 0.63 -- 0.56 0.61
Internalizing -0.3 -0.3 -0.26 -0.15 -0.27 -0.17 -0.32 -0.28 0.83 0.63 0.63 0.56 -- 0.58
Autism Spectrum -0.78 -0.8 -0.63 -0.54 -0.63 -0.61 -0.74 -0.62 0.74 0.63 0.57 0.61 0.58 --

= 400.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 5-12

Intercorrelations of Scales and Subscales for the Parent Form, Ages 5-12

  Scale and subscale
Scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum
Social Skills -- 0.84 0.81 0.75 0.82 0.82 0.75 0.81 -0.49 -0.49 -0.38 -0.46 -0.38 -0.78
Communication 0.84 -- 0.69 0.55 0.66 0.63 0.58 0.63 -0.42 -0.41 -0.33 -0.4 -0.32 -0.76
Cooperation 0.81 0.69 -- 0.47 0.78 0.57 0.42 0.67 -0.52 -0.55 -0.39 -0.53 -0.35 -0.61
Assertion 0.75 0.55 0.47 -- 0.48 0.59 0.65 0.46 -0.21 -0.17 -0.13 -0.16 -0.23 -0.52
Responsibility 0.82 0.66 0.78 0.48 -- 0.62 0.44 0.67 -0.48 -0.55 -0.4 -0.5 -0.29 -0.61
Empathy 0.82 0.63 0.57 0.59 0.62 -- 0.6 0.6 -0.35 -0.37 -0.34 -0.32 -0.24 -0.62
Engagement 0.75 0.58 0.42 0.65 0.44 0.6 -- 0.48 -0.29 -0.2 -0.19 -0.19 -0.36 -0.67
Self-Control 0.81 0.63 0.67 0.46 0.67 0.6 0.48 -- -0.49 -0.53 -0.37 -0.48 -0.36 -0.59
                             
Problem Behaviors -0.49 -0.42 -0.52 -0.21 -0.48 -0.35 -0.29 -0.49 -- 0.91 0.75 0.9 0.85 0.74
Externalizing -0.49 -0.41 -0.55 -0.17 -0.55 -0.37 -0.2 -0.53 0.91 -- 0.78 0.89 0.63 0.61
Bullying -0.38 -0.33 -0.39 -0.13 -0.4 -0.34 -0.19 -0.37 0.75 0.78 -- 0.62 0.53 0.54
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.46 -0.4 -0.53 -0.16 -0.5 -0.32 -0.19 -0.48 0.9 0.89 0.62 -- 0.65 0.62
Internalizing -0.38 -0.32 -0.35 -0.23 -0.29 -0.24 -0.36 -0.36 0.85 0.63 0.53 0.65 -- 0.63
Autism Spectrum -0.78 -0.76 -0.61 -0.52 -0.61 -0.62 -0.67 -0.59 0.74 0.61 0.54 0.62 0.63 --

= 2,000.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 13-18

Intercorrelations of Scales and Subscales for the Parent Form, Ages 13-18

  Scale and subscale
Scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum
Social Skills -- 0.85 0.82 0.74 0.82 0.84 0.81 0.83 -0.45 -0.48 -0.3 -0.45 -0.33 -0.78
Communication 0.85 -- 0.72 0.55 0.68 0.67 0.6 0.68 -0.41 -0.43 -0.3 -0.4 -0.28 -0.77
Cooperation 0.82 0.72 -- 0.45 0.82 0.63 0.49 0.66 -0.42 -0.51 -0.31 -0.46 -0.25 -0.58
Assertion 0.74 0.55 0.45 -- 0.45 0.57 0.71 0.47 -0.26 -0.2 -0.12 -0.24 -0.29 -0.57
Responsibility 0.82 0.68 0.82 0.45 -- 0.64 0.5 0.64 -0.43 -0.52 -0.34 -0.46 -0.24 -0.59
Empathy 0.84 0.67 0.63 0.57 0.64 -- 0.66 0.66 -0.32 -0.37 -0.24 -0.31 -0.21 -0.62
Engagement 0.81 0.6 0.49 0.71 0.5 0.66 -- 0.58 -0.33 -0.25 -0.15 -0.27 -0.34 -0.72
Self-Control 0.83 0.68 0.66 0.47 0.64 0.66 0.58 -- -0.4 -0.47 -0.24 -0.41 -0.25 -0.6
                             
Problem Behaviors -0.45 -0.41 -0.42 -0.26 -0.43 -0.32 -0.33 -0.4 -- 0.9 0.77 0.89 0.87 0.75
Externalizing -0.48 -0.43 -0.51 -0.2 -0.52 -0.37 -0.25 -0.47 0.9 -- 0.8 0.89 0.65 0.63
Bullying -0.3 -0.3 -0.31 -0.12 -0.34 -0.24 -0.15 -0.24 0.77 0.8 -- 0.66 0.57 0.54
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.45 -0.4 -0.46 -0.24 -0.46 -0.31 -0.27 -0.41 0.89 0.89 0.66 -- 0.65 0.63
Internalizing -0.33 -0.28 -0.25 -0.29 -0.24 -0.21 -0.34 -0.25 0.87 0.65 0.57 0.65 -- 0.64
Autism Spectrum -0.78 -0.77 -0.58 -0.57 -0.59 -0.62 -0.72 -0.6 0.75 0.63 0.54 0.63 0.64 --

= 400.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Student Form

Age Range: 8-12

Intercorrelations of Scales and Subscales for the Student Form, Ages 8-12

  Scale and subscale
Scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing
Social Skills -- 0.84 0.81 0.83 0.82 0.84 0.76 0.79 -0.27 -0.36 -0.26 -0.25 -0.08
Communication 0.84 -- 0.66 0.65 0.69 0.67 0.6 0.58 -0.19 -0.29 -0.22 -0.19 -0.03
Cooperation 0.81 0.66 -- 0.55 0.7 0.63 0.49 0.62 -0.33 -0.42 -0.37 -0.31 -0.11
Assertion 0.83 0.65 0.55 -- 0.61 0.69 0.6 0.56 -0.11 -0.19 -0.09 -0.12 0.01
Responsibility 0.82 0.69 0.7 0.61 -- 0.61 0.51 0.6 -0.3 -0.39 -0.25 -0.3 -0.11
Empathy 0.84 0.67 0.63 0.69 0.61 -- 0.58 0.62 -0.17 -0.27 -0.23 -0.16 0.01
Engagement 0.76 0.6 0.49 0.6 0.51 0.58 -- 0.51 -0.19 -0.21 -0.14 -0.14 -0.15
Self-Control 0.79 0.58 0.62 0.56 0.6 0.62 0.51 -- -0.23 -0.31 -0.2 -0.22 -0.1
                           
Problem Behaviors -0.27 -0.19 -0.33 -0.11 -0.3 -0.17 -0.19 -0.23 -- 0.89 0.78 0.84 0.83
Externalizing -0.36 -0.29 -0.42 -0.19 -0.39 -0.27 -0.21 -0.31 0.89 -- 0.8 0.76 0.54
Bullying -0.26 -0.22 -0.37 -0.09 -0.25 -0.23 -0.14 -0.2 0.78 -0.8 -- 0.54 0.47
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.25 -0.19 -0.31 -0.12 -0.3 -0.16 -0.14 -0.22 0.84 0.76 0.54 -- 0.6
Internalizing -0.08 -0.03 -0.11 0.01 -0.11 0.01 -0.15 -0.1 0.83 0.54 0.47 0.6 --

= 500.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Student Form

Age Range: 13-18

Intercorrelations of Scales and Subscales for the Student Form, Ages 13-18

  Scale and subscale
Scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing
Social Skills -- 0.85 0.84 0.82 0.88 0.81 0.75 0.75 -0.42 -0.45 -0.4 -0.36 -0.3
Communication 0.85 -- 0.68 0.69 0.72 0.67 0.61 0.51 -0.32 -0.35 -0.36 -0.25 -0.24
Cooperation 0.84 0.68 -- 0.6 0.79 0.59 0.48 0.66 -0.48 -0.53 -0.46 -0.43 -0.31
Assertion 0.82 0.69 0.6 -- 0.66 0.62 0.6 0.5 -0.29 -0.3 -0.24 -0.26 -0.23
Responsibility 0.88 0.72 0.79 0.66 -- 0.62 0.58 0.62 -0.42 -0.45 -0.39 -0.39 -0.29
Empathy 0.81 0.67 0.59 0.62 0.62 -- 0.58 0.55 -0.23 -0.2 -0.21 -0.16 -0.24
Engagement 0.75 0.61 0.48 0.6 0.58 0.58 -- 0.44 -0.23 -0.2 -0.21 -0.16 -0.24
Self-Control 0.75 0.51 0.66 0.5 0.62 0.55 0.44 -- -0.45 -0.49 -0.39 -0.38 -0.32
                           
Problem Behaviors -0.42 -0.32 -0.48 -0.29 -0.42 -0.23 -0.23 -0.45 -- 0.93 0.83 0.88 0.88
Externalizing -0.45 -0.35 -0.53 -0.3 -0.45 -0.29 -0.2 -0.49 0.93 -- 0.86 0.82 0.68
Bullying -0.4 -0.36 -0.46 -0.24 -0.39 -0.3 -0.21 -0.39 0.83 0.86 -- 0.63 0.63
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.36 -0.25 -0.43 -0.26 -0.39 -0.18 -0.16 -0.38 0.88 0.82 0.63 -- 0.68
Internalizing -0.3 -0.24 -0.31 -0.23 -0.29 -0.11 -0.24 -0.32 0.88 0.68 0.63 0.68 --

= 300.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 3-5, 5-12, 13-18

Item-Total Correlations for Scales and Subscales for the Teacher Form, by Age

  Ages
Subscale and Item 3-5 5-12 13-18
Externalizing      
Acts without thinking. 0.75 0.73 0.77
Bullies others. 0.74 0.77 0.77
Has difficulty waiting for turn. 0.77 0.75 0.75
Fidgets or moves around too much. 0.68 0.63 0.76
Forces others to act against their will. 0.69 0.67 0.68
Has temper tantrums. 0.69 0.58 0.72
Is aggressive toward people or objects. 0.8 0.71 0.77
Cheats in games or activities. 0.65 0.72 0.67
Fights with others. 0.75 0.75 0.79
Disobeys rules or requests. 0.74 0.76 0.66
Talks back to adults. 0.58 0.73 0.77
Lies or does not tell the truth. 0.71 0.77 0.79
Bullying      
Bullies others. 0.77 0.82 0.84
Does things to make others feel scared. 0.65 0.7 0.78
Forces others to act against their will. 0.73 0.73 0.77
Keeps others out of social circles. 0.55 0.55 0.51
Is aggressive toward people or objects. 0.76 0.69 0.72
Hyperactivity/Inattention      
Acts without thinking. 0.79 0.76 0.78
Has difficulty waiting for turn. 0.73 0.77 0.79
Fidgets or moves around too much. 0.74 0.71 0.71
Has temper tantrums. 0.63 0.49 0.56
Breaks into or stops group activities 0.68 0.73 0.72
Is inattentive. 0.64 0.73 0.7
Gets distracted easily. 0.75 0.78 0.66
Internalizing      
Withdraws from others. 0.54 0.67 0.71
Gets embarassed easily. 0.52 0.48 0.6
Acts lonely. 0.71 0.66 0.82
Says bad things about self. 0.45 0.58 0.65
Has low energy or is lethargic. 0.46 0.43 0.73
Acts sad or depressed. 0.65 0.7 0.81
Acts anxious with others. 0.58 0.54 0.65
Autism Spectrum      
Responds well when others start a conversation or activity. 0.65 0.61 0.62
Interacts well with other children. 0.69 0.67 0.69
Takes turns in conversations. 0.57 0.58 0.58
Invites others to join in activities. 0.57 0.52 0.55
Makes eye contact when talking. 0.62 0.57 0.58
Shows concern for others. 0.54 0.58 0.46
Starts conversations with peers. 0.64 0.45 0.59
Uses gestures or body appropriately with others. 0.63 0.62 0.57
Is preoccupied with objects parts. 0.53 0.5 0.47
Becomes upset when routines change. 0.5 0.53 0.47
Has stereotyped motor behaviors. 0.27 0.45 0.32
Withdraws from others. 0.51 0.48 0.59
Repeats the same thing over and over. 0.49 0.51 0.48
Has nonfunctional routines or rituals. 0.45 0.56 0.41
Uses odd physical gestures in interactions. 0.42 0.55 0.43

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 3-5, 5-12, 13-18

Item-Total Correlations for Scales and Subscales for the Parent Form, by Age

  Ages
Subscale and Item 3-5 5-12 13-18
Externalizing      
Has difficulty waiting for turn. 0.69 0.65 0.62
Forces others to act against their will. 0.48 0.47 0.43
Fidgets or moves around too much. 0.56 0.57 0.59
Acts without thinking. 0.69 0.68 0.72
Is aggressive toward people or objects. 0.7 0.65 0.7
Has temper tantrums. 0.65 0.65 0.64
Bullies others. 0.57 0.52 0.56
Talks back to adults. 0.64 0.65 0.65
Disobeys rules or requests. 0.73 0.72 0.74
Lies or does not tell the truth. 0.63 0.63 0.68
Cheats in games or activities. 0.5 0.51 0.62
Fights with others. 0.65 0.61 0.61
Bullying      
Forces others to act against their will. 0.57 0.55 0.6
Keeps others out of social circles. 0.59 0.46 0.53
Is aggressive toward people or objects. 0.65 0.57 0.62
Does things to make others feel scared. 0.63 0.55 0.63
Bullies others. 0.65 0.57 0.66
Hyperactivity/Inattention      
Has difficulty waiting for turn. 0.67 0.64 0.62
Fidgets or moves around too much. 0.6 0.67 0.69
Is inattentive. 0.54 0.56 0.57
Acts without thinking. 0.71 0.67 0.71
Has temper tantrums. 0.57 0.56 0.53
Breaks into or stops group activities 0.48 0.52 0.42
Gets distracted easily. 0.71 0.65 0.67
Internalizing      
Withdraws from others. 0.61 0.57 0.61
Has low energy or is lethargic. 0.41 0.47 0.67
Acts anxious with others. 0.51 0.51 0.59
Says nobody likes him/her 0.45 0.55 0.56
Acts sad or depressed. 0.59 0.63 0.72
Has sleeping problems. 0.32 0.36 0.43
Gets embarassed easily. 0.45 0.46 0.52
Says bad things about self. 0.48 0.53 0.63
Acts lonely. 0.61 0.62 0.71
Has eating problems. 0.43 0.41 0.53
Autism Spectrum      
Takes turns in conversations. 0.46 0.38 0.41
Starts conversations with peers. 0.54 0.45 0.52
Uses gestures or body appropriately with others. 0.48 0.39 0.37
Interacts well with other children. 0.6 0.55 0.58
Responds well when others start a conversation or activity. 0.61 0.52 0.58
Shows concern for others. 0.44 0.45 0.46
Invites others to join in activities. 0.5 0.44 0.43
Makes eye contact when talking. 0.45 0.39 0.5
Repeats the same thing over and over. 0.5 0.46 0.49
Has stereotyped motor behaviors. 0.54 0.52 0.5
Becomes upset when routines change. 0.42 0.45 0.47
Withdraws from others. 0.57 0.49 0.47
Uses odd physical gestures in interactions. 0.44 0.48 0.51
Is preoccupied with object parts. 0.42 0.4 0.45
Has nonfunctional routines or rituals. 0.35 0.41 0.52

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Student Form

Age Range: 8-12, 13-18

Item-Total Correlations for Scales and Subscales for the Student Form, by Age

  Ages
Subscale and Item 8-12 13-18
Externalizing    
I make people do what I want them to do 0.48 0.64
I often do things without thinking. 0.53 0.59
I swear or use bad words. 0.55 0.63
I hurt people when I am angry. 0.58 0.65
I have temper tantrums. 0.5 0.6
I lie to others. 0.57 0.66
I find it hard to sit still. 0.43 0.53
I cheat when playing games. 0.53 0.57
I break things when I'm angry. 0.59 0.6
I talk back to adults. 0.5 0.67
I fight with others. 0.61 0.71
I break the rules. 0.67 0.69
Bullying    
I make people do what I want them to do 0.55 0.63
I hurt people when I am angry. 0.48 0.63
I do not let others join my group of friends. 0.55 0.5
I try to make others afraid of me. 0.66 0.7
I say things to hurt people's feelings. 0.62 0.64
Hyperactivity/Inattention    
I often do things without thinking. 0.53 0.65
I find it's hard to focus on what I am doing. 0.52 0.71
I have temper tantrums. 0.46 0.5
I often get distracted. 0.56 0.64
I find it hard to sit still. 0.59 0.62
I make careless mistakes in schoolwork. 0.49 0.63
I waste a lot of time. 0.46 0.69
Internalizing    
I'm afraid of a lot of things. 0.49 0.58
I often feel sick. 0.49 0.58
I get embarassed easily. 0.5 0.53
I think bad things will happen to me. 0.55 0.6
I can't sleep well at night. 0.41 0.54
I feel lonely. 0.6 0.67
I think no one cares about me. 0.53 0.71
I often get tired. 0.42 0.56
I feel nervous with my classmates. 0.47 0.58
I feel sad. 0.58 0.7

Note. Each item is excluded from the total when computing its correlation.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form

Age Range: 3-5

Correlations for Scale and Subscale Scores Across the Teacher and Parent Forms

  Teacher Form scale and subscale
Parent form scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum
Social Skills 0.48 0.44 0.38 0.38 0.48 0.41 0.44 0.38 -0.35 -0.31 -0.17 -0.41 -0.18 -0.48
Communication 0.42 0.4 0.38 0.28 0.45 0.34 0.35 0.35 -0.36 -0.35 -0.22 -0.4 -0.17 -0.43
Cooperation 0.33 0.28 0.31 0.21 0.37 0.26 0.29 0.28 -0.33 -0.33 -0.21 -0.36 -0.17 -0.32
Assertion 0.42 0.38 0.27 0.4 0.37 0.38 0.44 0.28 -0.2 -0.12 -0.05 -0.27 -0.14 -0.42
Responsibility 0.45 0.4 0.42 0.31 0.48 0.39 0.37 0.4 -0.33 -0.34 -0.2 -0.42 -0.12 -0.41
Empathy 0.34 0.31 0.25 0.27 0.33 0.34 0.29 0.27 -0.24 -0.23 -0.15 -0.29 -0.06 -0.34
Engagement 0.46 0.45 0.29 0.44 0.39 0.39 0.49 0.32 -0.28 -0.21 0.09 -0.31 -0.21 -0.49
Self-Control 0.4 0.36 0.36 0.28 0.42 0.33 0.34 0.33 -0.33 -0.32 -0.18 -0.38 -0.17 -0.38
                             
Problem Behaviors -0.33 -0.31 -0.3 -0.16 -0.39 -0.24 -0.29 -0.35 0.4 0.43 0.34 0.38 0.22 0.35
Externalizing -0.29 -0.28 -0.32 -0.1 -0.38 -0.2 -0.21 -0.34 0.38 0.44 0.36 0.38 0.15 0.28
Bullying -0.29 -0.28 -0.29 -0.1 -0.38 -0.17 -0.23 -0.31 0.37 0.43 0.39 0.35 0.16 0.28
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.38 -0.36 -0.38 -0.2 -0.44 -0.28 -0.28 -0.4 0.44 0.49 0.34 0.47 0.18 0.38
Internalizing -0.15 -0.14 -0.1 -0.07 -0.19 -0.09 -0.18 -0.15 0.2 0.19 0.17 0.15 0.19 0.17
Autism Spectrum -0.53 -0.5 -0.41 -0.37 -0.52 -0.43 -0.51 -0.45 0.48 0.43 0.31 0.48 0.29 0.57

= 288.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form

Age Range: 5-12

Correlations for Scale and Subscale Scores Across the Teacher and Parent Forms

  Teacher Form scale and subscale
Parent form scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence
Social Skills 0.34 0.33 0.25 0.23 0.29 0.3 0.3 0.26 -0.31 -0.26 -0.2 -0.29 -0.18 -0.39 0.17
Communication 0.3 0.3 0.21 0.21 0.26 0.25 0.27 0.24 -0.27 -0.22 -0.16 -0.26 -0.16 -0.36 0.15
Cooperation 0.33 0.32 0.34 0.14 0.35 0.26 0.21 0.31 -0.36 -0.33 -0.25 -0.36 -0.17 -0.35 0.22
Assertion 0.2 0.19 0.1 0.23 0.14 0.19 0.23 0.08 -0.14 -0.08 -0.05 -0.13 -0.08 -0.26 0.1
Responsibility 0.36 0.34 0.33 0.17 0.37 0.31 0.26 0.31 -0.37 -0.34 -0.27 -0.36 -0.18 -0.38 0.23
Empathy 0.29 0.29 0.17 0.21 0.22 0.28 0.27 0.22 -0.25 -0.22 -0.21 -0.21 -0.13 -0.33 0.12
Engagement 0.18 0.17 0.05 0.23 0.07 0.18 0.27 0.09 -0.11 -0.03 0 -0.08 -0.13 -0.25 0.06
Self-Control 0.32 0.32 0.28 0.15 0.3 0.27 0.24 0.29 -0.31 -0.28 -0.24 -0.3 -0.15 -0.32 0.15
                               
Problem Behaviors -0.32 -0.28 -0.3 -0.17 -0.3 -0.28 -0.24 -0.3 0.33 0.31 0.25 0.34 0.17 0.31 -0.19
Externalizing -0.33 -0.3 -0.32 -0.12 -0.33 -0.29 -0.19 -0.33 0.35 0.36 0.31 0.35 0.15 0.29 -0.14
Bullying -0.25 -0.24 -0.22 -0.1 -0.24 -0.24 -0.14 -0.26 0.26 0.28 0.29 0.24 0.11 0.23 -0.07
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.36 -0.32 -0.36 -0.17 -0.35 -0.3 -0.24 -0.33 0.35 0.34 0.24 0.4 0.14 0.34 -0.24
Internalizing -0.18 -0.14 -0.15 -0.14 -0.13 -0.16 -0.18 -0.16 0.18 0.14 0.11 0.17 0.14 0.18 -0.1
Autism Spectrum -0.36 -0.35 -0.26 -0.26 -0.29 -0.31 -0.34 -0.28 0.32 0.25 0.18 0.31 0.2 0.43 -0.22

= 723.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form

Age Range: 13-18

Correlations for Scale and Subscale Scores Across the Teacher and Parent Forms

  Teacher Form scale and subscale
Parent form scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence
Social Skills 0.32 0.3 0.28 0.12 0.34 0.19 0.32 0.27 -0.3 -0.29 -0.17 -0.32 -0.25 -0.32 0.22
Communication 0.33 0.3 0.26 0.13 0.33 0.23 0.34 0.29 -0.28 -0.27 -0.2 -0.28 -0.25 -0.32 0.21
Cooperation 0.29 0.27 0.33 0.1 0.36 0.13 0.26 0.23 -0.32 -0.31 -0.19 -0.36 -0.24 -0.29 0.24
Assertion 0.16 0.16 0.08 0.16 0.11 0.12 0.2 0.09 -0.05 -0.01 0.05 -0.05 -0.11 -0.15 0.09
Responsibility 0.28 0.26 0.3 0.05 0.37 0.16 0.24 0.26 -0.33 -0.35 -0.21 -0.37 -0.22 -0.3 0.2
Empathy 0.22 0.21 0.18 0.07 0.24 0.18 0.2 0.2 -0.21 -0.23 -0.14 -0.25 -0.13 -0.21 0.09
Engagement 0.24 0.24 0.18 0.11 0.23 0.14 0.33 0.16 -0.22 -0.17 -0.06 -0.21 -0.27 -0.3 0.18
Self-Control 0.29 0.27 0.29 0.07 0.34 0.16 0.25 0.3 -0.29 -0.33 -0.23 -0.34 -0.18 -0.26 0.25
                               
Problem Behaviors -0.25 -0.26 -0.26 -0.09 -0.33 -0.12 -0.23 -0.18 0.26 0.23 0.11 0.3 0.22 0.27 -0.25
Externalizing -0.25 -0.27 -0.29 -0.04 -0.35 -0.13 -0.19 -0.19 0.29 0.31 0.18 0.34 0.17 0.26 -0.22
Bullying -0.13 -0.15 -0.2 0.02 -0.23 -0.07 -0.07 -0.09 0.18 0.22 0.17 0.22 0.08 0.12 -0.16
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.28 -0.29 -0.32 -0.07 -0.36 -0.15 -0.24 -0.23 0.33 0.33 0.17 0.41 0.2 0.32 -0.27
Internalizing -0.21 -0.21 -0.17 -0.14 -0.23 -0.09 -0.25 -0.13 0.19 0.11 0.04 0.17 0.28 0.24 -0.21
Autism Spectrum -0.29 -0.3 -0.26 -0.11 -0.34 -0.17 -0.31 -0.22 0.29 0.25 0.13 0.31 0.25 0.34 -0.25

= 289.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form

Age Range: 8-12

Correlations for Scale and Subscale Scores Across the Teacher and Student Forms, Ages 8-12

  Teacher Form scale and subscale
Student form scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence
Social Skills 0.34 0.31 0.3 0.15 0.32 0.24 0.22 0.33 -0.31 -0.31 -0.24 -0.28 -0.21 -0.28 0.24
Communication 0.3 0.28 0.22 0.12 0.27 0.27 0.21 0.29 -0.22 -0.24 -0.2 -0.19 -0.14 -0.23 0.17
Cooperation 0.34 0.31 0.38 0.09 0.38 0.21 0.17 0.32 -0.34 -0.39 -0.29 -0.36 -0.13 -0.26 0.27
Assertion 0.18 0.17 0.11 0.16 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.16 -0.12 -0.11 -0.08 -0.07 -0.11 -0.13 0.11
Responsibility 0.37 0.35 0.37 0.19 0.37 0.24 0.24 0.31 -0.35 -0.36 -0.27 -0.34 -0.19 -0.32 0.33
Empathy 0.36 0.34 0.31 0.13 0.35 0.29 0.24 0.36 -0.32 -0.31 -0.25 -0.28 -0.23 -0.32 0.22
Engagement 0.15 0.12 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.1 0.17 0.19 -0.14 -0.09 -0.03 -0.1 -0.19 -0.16 -0.08
Self-Control 0.27 0.23 0.26 0.07 0.29 0.19 0.14 0.3 -0.31 -0.32 -0.24 -0.28 -0.21 -0.24 0.19
                               
Problem Behaviors -0.31 -0.32 -0.31 -0.02 -0.34 -0.21 -0.19 -0.36 0.38 0.42 0.32 0.39 0.18 0.34 -0.22
Externalizing -0.34 -0.34 -0.36 -0.04 -0.38 -0.24 -0.19 -0.38 0.4 0.46 0.35 0.42 0.15 0.33 -0.23
Bullying -0.31 -0.33 -0.27 -0.05 -0.31 -0.25 -0.22 -0.34 0.27 0.33 0.26 0.28 0.08 0.29 -0.21
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.26 -0.28 -0.33 0.02 -0.31 -0.14 -0.12 -0.28 0.35 0.37 0.24 0.39 0.13 0.29 -0.25
Internalizing -0.16 -0.17 -0.12 -0.01 -0.16 -0.1 -0.14 -0.21 0.26 0.24 0.18 0.24 0.19 0.24 -0.1

= 280.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Student Form

Age Range: 13-18

Correlations for Scale and Subscale Scores Across the Teacher and Student Forms, Ages 13-18

  Teacher Form scale and subscale
Student form scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence
Social Skills 0.11 0.2 0.15 -0.04 0.14 0.02 0.21 0.02 -0.13 -0.12 -0.12 -0.12 -0.19 -0.14 0.15
Communication 0.12 0.23 0.17 -0.03 0.12 0.03 0.19 0.01 -0.14 -0.12 -0.11 -0.12 -0.17 -0.19 0.14
Cooperation 0.05 0.18 0.22 -0.14 0.2 -0.08 0.09 -0.03 -0.15 -0.18 -0.17 -0.17 -0.13 -0.06 0.15
Assertion 0.07 0.08 -0.01 0.09 0.01 0.05 0.18 -0.01 0.01 0.06 0.02 0.05 -0.09 -0.05 0.01
Responsibility 0.13 0.17 0.16 -0.02 0.18 0.07 0.19 0.04 -0.11 -0.1 -0.1 -0.13 -0.14 -0.1 0.21
Empathy 0.06 0.15 0.1 -0.08 0.05 0 0.14 0.03 -0.15 -0.16 -0.19 -0.14 -0.16 -0.15 0.17
Engagement 0.14 0.24 0.08 0.05 0.1 0.03 0.31 0.02 -0.09 -0.02 0 -0.04 -0.25 -0.21 0.16
Self-Control 0.06 0.08 0.11 -0.07 0.13 0.03 0.07 0.04 -0.11 -0.14 -0.14 -0.12 -0.09 -0.02 0.04
                               
Problem Behaviors -0.12 -0.13 -0.12 0 -0.15 -0.04 -0.16 -0.1 0.19 0.17 0.12 0.19 0.2 0.13 -0.08
Externalizing -0.1 -0.11 -0.13 0.03 -0.17 -0.05 -0.1 -0.08 0.15 0.18 0.13 0.18 0.11 0.08 -0.07
Bullying -0.06 -0.11 -0.11 0.05 -0.12 -0.01 -0.1 -0.04 0.12 0.13 0.08 0.13 0.11 0.08 -0.05
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.11 -0.11 -0.15 0 -0.16 -0.03 -0.1 -0.09 0.2 0.21 0.12 0.24 0.17 0.12 -0.14
Internalizing -0.11 -0.11 -0.06 -0.05 -0.07 -0.02 -0.19 -0.1 0.15 0.09 0.07 0.12 0.23 0.12 -0.07
= 189.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.
 
 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form, Student Form

Age Range: 8-12

Correlations for Scale and Subscale Scores Across the Teacher and Student Forms, Ages 8-12

  Teacher Form scale and subscale
Student form scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum
Social Skills 0.25 0.25 0.18 0.14 0.2 0.23 0.2 0.22 -0.23 -0.24 -0.19 -0.22 -0.18 -0.28
Communication 0.19 0.22 0.14 0.08 0.15 0.17 0.15 0.16 -0.19 -0.19 -0.14 -0.19 -0.15 -0.24
Cooperation 0.18 0.2 0.16 0.05 0.19 0.15 0.09 0.15 -0.22 -0.23 -0.19 -0.24 -0.13 -0.24
Assertion 0.19 0.18 0.1 0.16 0.13 0.19 0.18 0.13 -0.11 -0.12 -0.11 -0.09 -0.09 -0.17
Responsibility 0.26 0.25 0.25 0.13 0.27 0.22 0.15 0.23 -0.26 -0.28 -0.2 -0.28 -0.17 -0.27
Empathy 0.21 0.21 0.13 0.11 0.17 0.23 0.18 0.17 -0.18 -0.19 -0.16 -0.17 -0.11 -0.25
Engagement 0.2 0.16 0.1 0.15 0.11 0.17 0.25 0.17 -0.17 -0.14 -0.11 -0.12 -0.18 -0.23
Self-Control 0.22 0.23 0.17 0.1 0.16 0.2 0.14 0.22 -0.21 -0.22 -0.17 -0.18 -0.18 -0.22
                             
Problem Behaviors -0.25 -0.24 -0.3 -0.08 -0.28 -0.17 -0.08 -0.27 0.33 0.34 0.25 0.31 0.27 0.29
Externalizing -0.23 -0.22 -0.27 -0.07 -0.27 -0.17 -0.08 -0.24 0.3 0.34 0.26 0.3 0.22 0.28
Bullying -0.14 -0.13 -0.16 -0.01 -0.19 -0.12 -0.03 -0.13 0.22 0.24 0.22 0.22 0.14 0.21
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.25 -0.23 -0.3 -0.1 -0.27 -0.15 -0.08 -0.27 0.31 0.33 0.21 0.32 0.23 0.27
Internalizing -0.22 -0.21 -0.25 -0.08 -0.22 -0.13 -0.08 -0.26 0.28 0.26 0.16 0.24 0.27 0.23

= 917.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form, Student Form

Age Range: 13-18

Correlations for Scale and Subscale Scores Across the Parent and Student Forms, Ages 13-18

  Teacher Form scale and subscale
Student form scale and subscale Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum
Social Skills 0.35 0.29 0.3 0.22 0.25 0.33 0.3 0.26 -0.23 -0.21 -0.21 -0.2 -0.22 -0.31
Communication 0.29 0.25 0.24 0.19 0.19 0.31 0.26 0.21 -0.17 -0.16 -0.17 -0.14 -0.18 -0.27
Cooperation 0.29 0.25 0.32 0.14 0.28 0.25 0.19 0.22 -0.25 -0.26 -0.26 -0.22 -0.2 -0.27
Assertion 0.25 0.18 0.19 0.3 0.13 0.23 0.25 0.15 -0.1 -0.09 -0.08 -0.09 -0.12 -0.17
Responsibility 0.29 0.28 0.3 0.15 0.26 0.26 0.2 0.23 -0.22 -0.2 -0.18 -0.21 -0.18 -0.28
Empathy 0.26 0.22 0.21 0.14 0.19 0.3 0.23 0.2 -0.12 -0.13 -0.14 -0.12 -0.1 -0.22
Engagement 0.29 0.2 0.19 0.23 0.15 0.26 0.36 0.2 -0.21 -0.14 -0.15 -0.14 -0.26 -0.28
Self-Control 0.29 0.28 0.24 0.13 0.23 0.27 0.19 0.28 -0.22 -0.22 -0.23 -0.2 -0.2 -0.27
                             
Problem Behaviors -0.28 -0.22 -0.3 -0.17 -0.25 -0.2 -0.2 -0.23 0.3 0.25 0.19 0.27 0.28 0.28
Externalizing -0.28 -0.24 -0.31 -0.13 -0.28 -0.22 -0.17 -0.23 0.29 0.28 0.24 0.28 0.22 0.27
Bullying -0.24 -0.19 -0.25 -0.13 -0.22 -0.2 -0.18 -0.17 0.26 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.24 0.25
Hyperactivity/Inattention -0.24 -0.19 -0.28 -0.15 -0.24 -0.16 -0.15 -0.21 0.25 0.23 0.15 0.29 0.2 0.22
Internalizing -0.23 -0.17 -0.22 -0.19 -0.17 -0.14 -0.2 -0.19 0.26 0.17 0.12 0.2 0.32 0.24

= 490.
Note. Scores for scales are standard scores. Scores for subscales are raw scores.

 

Demographic Characteristics of Samples Used for Correlations With the SSRS

  SSRS
  Teacher Parent Student
Characteristic Preschool Elementary Secondary Preschool Elementary Secondary Elementary Secondary
N 98 146 75 118 126 114 139 85
                 
Age                
Mean (years:months) 4:5 9:2 14:7 4:1 8:7 14:9 10:5 14:11
SD (months) 8 25 16.2 8 25 18.1 15.4 20.8
                 
Sex                
Female 49 79 41 59 52 64 69 44
Male 49 67 34 59 74 50 70 41
                 
Race/ethnicity                
African American 3 33 9 6 6 7 14 8
Hispanic 11 27 6 4 3 9 17 4
White 76 73 52 102 112 97 100 66
Othera 8 13 8 6 5 1 8 7
                 
Mother'seducation                
Grade 11 or less 5 16 4 4 4 2 11 4
Grade 12 or GED 11 52 23 18 34 29 46 16
1-3 years of college 29 50 26 41 43 41 46 35
4 or more years of college 53 28 22 55 45 42 36 30
                 
Region                
Northeast 7 11 9 11 45 30 9 21
North Central 64 28 19 46 41 38 54 36
South 27 66 17 47 34 26 57 6
West 0 41 30 14 6 20 19 22
                 
Test interval (days)                
Range 0-64 30-72 0-89 23-87 32-90 29-88 56-89 26-86
Mean  17 53.4 29.2 61.4 60.2 63.1 68 60.7

Note. SSRS = Social Skills Rating System.
aIncludes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Pacific Islanders, and all other groups not classified as African American, Hispanic, or White.
bIf mother's or female guardian's education level was not reported, father's or male guardian's education level was used.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 3-5

Correlations of the SSIS Teacher Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the SSRS Teacher Preschool Form Scale and Subscale Scores, Ages 3-5

  SSIS Teacher Form  
SSRS Teacher Preschool Form Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum SSRS
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Social Skills 0.79 0.79 0.71 0.73 0.62 0.63 0.64 0.62 0.67 0.69 0.62 0.6 0.74 0.75 0.69 0.71 -0.65 -0.66 -0.55 -0.58 -0.46 -0.51 -0.6 -0.59 -0.62 -0.61 -0.75 -0.76 104.9 15.6
Cooperation 0.7 0.7 0.64 0.66 0.66 0.67 0.49 0.47 0.62 0.64 0.5 0.48 0.73 0.74 0.58 0.6 -0.65 -0.66 -0.55 -0.58 -0.39 -0.44 -0.64 -0.63 -0.65 -0.64 -0.73 -0.74 15 3.7
Assertion 0.79 0.79 0.74 0.76 0.57 0.58 0.71 0.69 0.66 0.68 0.63 0.61 0.79 0.8 0.58 0.6 -0.53 -0.54 -0.43 -0.46 -0.32 -0.36 -0.52 -0.51 -0.57 -0.56 -0.73 -0.74 13.2 4.6
Self-Control 0.78 0.78 0.71 0.73 0.66 0.67 0.56 0.54 0.65 0.67 0.65 0.63 0.6 0.61 0.8 0.81 -0.77 -0.78 -0.72 -0.75 -0.66 -0.71 -0.71 -0.7 -0.57 -0.56 -0.75 -0.76 14.4 4.5
                                                             
Problem Behaviors -0.59 -0.59 -0.58 -0.6 -0.57 -0.58 -0.31 -0.3 -0.55 -0.57 -0.43 -0.41 -0.47 -0.48 -0.65 -0.67 0.84 0.85 0.79 0.81 0.7 0.75 0.74 0.73 0.64 0.63 0.68 0.69 95.4 12.4
Externalizing -0.62 -0.62 -0.61 -0.63 -0.65 -0.66 -0.32 -0.31 -0.64 -0.66 -0.5 -0.48 -0.35 -0.36 -0.68 -0.7 0.81 0.82 0.87 0.89 0.71 0.76 0.81 0.8 0.39 0.38 0.62 0.63 2.2 2.6
Internalizing -0.39 -0.39 -0.38 -0.4 -0.29 -0.3 -0.22 -0.21 -0.26 -0.27 -0.24 -0.23 -0.56 -0.57 -0.39 -0.41 0.6 0.61 0.4 0.43 0.41 0.46 0.4 0.39 0.84 0.83 0.6 0.61 1 1.5
                                                             
SSIS Mean 100.9 15.5 13 13.8 13 12.5 14.8 14.3 97.4 4.9 1.2 4.6 2.5 8.3    
SSIS SD 15.1 3.5 3.2 4.5 3.4 3.7 4 4.2 14.6 5.8 2 4.6 3.1 6    

N = 98.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for both SSIS and SSRS.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 5-12

Correlations of the SSIS Teacher Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the SSRS Teacher Elementary Form Scale and Subscale Scores, Ages 5-12

  SSIS Teacher Form  
SSRS Teacher Preschool Form Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence SSRS
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Social Skills 0.74 0.75 0.65 0.66 0.61 0.64 0.54 0.53 0.64 0.66 0.56 0.58 0.69 0.69 0.54 0.6 -0.56 -0.65 -0.54 -0.63 -0.38 -0.52 -0.54 -0.59 -0.36 -0.41 -0.72 -0.77 0.53 0.51 104 15.4
Cooperation 0.58 0.59 0.55 0.56 0.69 0.72 0.32 0.31 0.61 0.63 0.39 0.41 0.44 0.44 0.41 0.43 -0.5 -0.59 -0.53 -0.62 -0.33 -0.46 -0.56 -0.61 -0.22 -0.26 -0.55 -0.6 0.6 0.58 15.5 4.4
Assertion 0.62 0.63 0.5 0.51 0.37 0.4 0.68 0.67 0.44 0.46 0.53 0.55 0.68 0.68 0.35 0.37 -0.37 -0.45 -0.29 -0.36 -0.18 -0.26 -0.29 -0.32 -0.37 -0.42 -0.65 -0.7 0.39 0.37 13.4 4.4
Self-Control 0.71 0.72 0.64 0.65 0.56 0.59 0.32 0.31 0.67 0.69 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.59 0.72 0.74 -0.66 -0.74 -0.7 -0.78 -0.57 -0.72 -0.6 -0.64 -0.36 -0.41 -0.71 -0.76 -0.3 0.29 15.5 3.9
                                                                 
Problem Behaviors -0.56 -0.57 -0.49 -0.5 -0.62 -0.65 -0.26 -0.25 -0.57 -0.59 -0.31 -0.33 -0.43 -0.43 -0.54 -0.57 0.77 0.83 0.75 0.82 0.56 0.71 0.75 0.79 0.52 0.58 0.6 0.65 -0.38 -0.36 96.6 13.2
Externalizing -0.47 -0.48 -0.46 -0.47 -0.46 -0.49 -0.08 -0.08 -0.52 -0.54 -0.36 -0.38 -0.3 -0.3 -0.55 -0.58 0.68 0.76 0.76 0.83 0.68 0.81 0.62 0.66 0.36 0.41 0.48 0.53 -0.13 -0.12 1.5 2.5
Internalizing -0.34 -0.35 -0.25 -0.26 -0.3 -0.32 -0.31 -0.3 -0.24 -0.25 -0.14 -0.15 -0.45 -0.45 -0.25 -0.27 0.54 0.63 0.41 0.49 0.23 0.33 0.46 0.5 0.63 0.69 0.47 0.52 -0.28 -0.27 2.4 2.4
Hyperactivity -0.56 -0.57 -0.52 -0.53 -0.73 -0.76 -0.2 -0.2 -0.66 -0.68 -0.32 -0.34 -0.34 -0.34 -0.53 -0.56 0.77 0.83 0.79 0.85 0.57 0.72 0.82 0.85 0.38 0.43 0.57 0.63 -0.45 -0.43 3 3
Academic Competence 0.5 0.51 0.46 0.47 0.61 0.64 0.34 0.33 0.52 0.54 0.25 0.26 0.43 0.43 0.32 0.34 -0.41 -0.49 -0.38 -0.46 -0.16 -0.24 -0.46 -0.5 -0.27 -0.31 -0.48 -0.53 0.88 0.87 96.6 13.4
                                                                 
SSIS Mean 102.7 16.3 13.1 12.9 13.8 13 14.6 14.9 96.4 4.2 1 4 2.8 7.9 99.4      
SSIS SD 14.5 3.6 3.4 4.2 3.5 3.6 3.6 4.1 11.8 5 1.6 4 2.9 5.5 15.6      

N = 146.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for both SSIS and SSRS.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 13-18

Correlations of the SSIS Teacher Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the SSRS Teacher Secondary Form Scale and Subscale Scores, Ages 13-18

SSRS Teacher Secondary Form Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence SSRS
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Social Skills 0.59 0.62 0.52 0.51 0.33 0.32 0.47 0.5 0.41 0.39 0.46 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.43 0.5 -0.61 -0.59 -0.49 -0.48 -0.45 -0.49 -0.48 -0.44 -0.59 -0.55 -0.66 -0.63 0.46 0.49 106.5 14.8
Cooperation 0.52 0.55 0.47 0.46 0.65 0.64 0.05 0.05 0.66 0.64 0.37 0.41 0.28 0.28 0.49 0.56 -0.7 -0.68 -0.76 -0.75 -0.59 -0.63 -0.77 -0.74 -0.31 -0.28 -0.51 -0.48 0.49 0.52 16.7 4
Assertion 0.41 0.44 0.36 0.35 -0.03 -0.03 0.65 0.68 0.07 0.07 0.31 0.34 0.65 0.65 0.15 0.18 -0.26 -0.25 -0.06 -0.06 -0.07 -0.08 -0.07 -0.06 -0.53 -0.49 -0.52 -0.49 0.42 0.44 13.7 4.9
Self-Control 0.61 0.64 0.55 0.54 0.39 0.38 0.24 0.26 0.52 0.5 0.56 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.63 0.7 -0.69 -0.67 -0.64 -0.63 -0.61 -0.65 -0.58 -0.54 -0.55 -0.51 -0.67 -0.64 0.43 0.45 16.1 3.5
                                                                 
Problem Behaviors -0.49 -0.52 -0.48 -0.47 -0.27 -0.26 -0.24 -0.26 -0.37 -0.35 -0.34 -0.37 -0.52 -0.52 -0.46 -0.53 0.72 0.7 0.55 0.54 0.47 0.51 0.53 0.49 0.77 0.74 0.68 0.65 -0.33 -0.35 96.8 13
Externalizing -0.49 -0.52 -0.41 -0.4 -0.5 -0.49 0.07 0.07 -0.56 -0.54 -0.44 -0.48 -0.31 -0.31 -0.66 -0.73 0.75 0.73 0.84 0.83 0.78 0.81 0.72 0.68 0.38 0.35 0.54 0.51 -0.34 -0.36 1.5 2.4
Internalizing -0.32 -0.34 -0.38 -0.37 -0.01 -0.01 -0.35 -0.37 -0.11 -0.1 -0.17 -0.19 -0.51 -0.51 -0.18 -0.21 0.51 0.49 0.22 0.21 0.14 0.16 0.25 0.23 0.82 0.79 0.6 0.57 -0.25 -0.27 2.8 2.9
                                                                 
Academic Competence 0.58 0.61 0.53 0.52 0.45 0.44 0.38 0.4 0.48 0.46 0.4 0.44 0.54 0.54 0.45 0.52 -0.39 -0.37 -0.34 -0.33 -0.31 -0.34 -0.33 -0.3 -0.34 -0.31 -0.53 -0.5 0.88 0.89 98.3 11.2
                                                                 
SSIS Mean 99.3 16.1 13.4 12.6 13.9 12.4 14.4 14.7 102.3 3.8 0.9 3.4 3.8 8.5 99.4    
SSIS SD 13.9 3.6 3.4 4.2 3.6 3.4 4.1 4 15.7 5.3 1.7 4 4 6.1 14.1    

N = 75.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for both SSIS and SSRS.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 3-5

Correlations of the SSIS Parent Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the SSRS Parent Preschool Form Scale and Subscale Scores, Ages 3-5

  SSIS Teacher Form  
SSRS Parent Preschool Form Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum SSRS
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Social Skills 0.7 0.75 0.58 0.62 0.65 0.69 0.51 0.57 0.62 0.67 0.51 0.53 0.49 0.54 0.6 0.63 -0.43 -0.46 -0.47 -0.49 -0.33 -0.32 -0.47 -0.49 -0.21 -0.26 -0.55 -0.58 101.4 16
Cooperation 0.65 0.7 0.56 0.6 0.66 0.7 0.49 0.55 0.62 0.67 0.53 0.55 0.35 0.39 0.5 0.53 -0.39 -0.42 -0.44 -0.46 -0.31 -0.3 -0.43 -0.45 -0.17 -0.21 -0.48 -0.5 12.8 3.4
Assertion 0.48 0.53 0.39 0.42 0.33 0.36 0.4 0.46 0.32 0.36 0.37 0.39 0.57 0.62 0.32 0.34 -0.26 -0.28 -0.23 -0.24 -0.19 -0.18 -0.25 -0.26 -0.18 -0.23 -0.48 -0.5 15 3.2
Responsibility 0.59 0.64 0.43 0.46 0.51 0.55 0.51 0.57 0.52 0.57 0.47 0.49 0.4 0.45 0.51 0.54 -0.24 -0.26 -0.32 -0.34 -0.17 -0.16 -0.35 -0.37 -0.01 -0.01 -0.4 -0.42 10.9 3.6
Self-Control 0.67 0.72 0.6 0.64 0.72 0.75 0.34 0.39 0.67 0.71 0.46 0.48 0.32 0.36 0.69 0.72 -0.57 -0.61 -0.64 -0.66 -0.47 -0.45 -0.59 -0.61 -0.24 -0.3 -0.58 -0.61 13.5 3.6
                                                             
Problem Behaviors -0.49 -0.54 -0.47 -0.51 -0.53 -0.57 -0.18 -0.21 -0.48 -0.53 -0.32 -0.34 -0.3 -0.34 -0.52 -0.55 -0.62 -0.65 -0.66 -0.68 0.57 0.55 0.62 0.64 0.41 0.49 0.51 0.54 98.2 12.8
Externalizing -0.6 -0.65 -0.55 -0.59 -0.63 -0.67 -0.25 -0.29 -0.61 -0.66 -0.43 -0.45 -0.32 -0.36 -0.63 -0.66 0.65 0.68 0.74 0.76 0.57 0.55 0.71 0.73 0.31 0.38 0.55 0.58 4.7 2.3
Internalizing -0.26 -0.3 -0.27 -0.29 -0.25 -0.27 -0.12 -0.14 -0.18 -0.2 -0.15 -0.16 -0.3 -0.34 -0.22 -0.24 0.41 0.44 0.37 0.39 0.42 0.4 0.29 0.3 0.45 0.54 0.34 0.36 1 1.4
                                                             
SSIS Mean 99.1 15.1 11.8 14.7 11.2 12.4 14.7 10.5 100.5 9.5 1.6 6.8 4.1 10.2    
SSIS SD 13 3 2.8 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.5 3.5 13.6 5.4 2.2 3.7 3 5.8    

N = 118.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for both SSIS and SSRS.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 5-12

Correlations of the SSIS Parent Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the SSRS Parent Elementary Form Scale and Subscale Scores, Ages 5-12

  SSIS Teacher Form  
SSRS Teacher Preschool Form Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum SSRS
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Social Skills 0.73 0.73 0.61 0.62 0.56 0.59 0.55 0.56 0.58 0.59 0.58 0.59 0.6 0.61 0.69 0.69 -0.54 -0.54 -0.46 -0.46 -0.41 -0.41 -0.43 -0.43 -0.48 -0.51 -0.71 -0.7 103.1 18.9
Cooperation 0.57 0.57 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.51 0.39 0.4 0.45 0.46 0.53 0.54 0.39 0.4 0.58 0.58 -0.43 -0.43 -0.43 -0.43 -0.31 -0.31 -0.33 -0.33 -0.38 -0.41 -0.47 -0.46 12.1 3.5
Assertion 0.6 0.6 0.46 0.47 0.38 0.4 0.54 0.55 0.41 0.42 0.5 0.51 0.61 0.62 0.5 0.5 -0.49 -0.49 -0.35 -0.35 -0.35 -0.35 -0.34 -0.34 -0.49 -0.52 -0.68 -0.67 16.2 3.4
Responsibility 0.64 0.64 0.52 0.53 0.47 0.5 0.58 0.59 0.47 0.48 0.53 0.54 0.55 0.56 0.53 0.53 -0.41 -0.41 -0.31 -0.31 -0.29 -0.29 -0.36 -0.36 -0.35 -0.37 -0.62 -0.61 13.8 3.6
Self-Control 0.69 0.69 0.63 0.64 0.63 0.66 0.41 0.42 0.64 0.65 0.45 0.46 0.44 0.45 0.76 0.76 -0.58 -0.58 -0.58 -0.58 -0.48 -0.48 -0.51 -0.51 -0.43 -0.46 -0.66 -0.65 12.8 4.1
                                                             
Problem Behaviors -0.55 -0.55 -0.5 -0.51 -0.44 -0.47 -0.3 -0.31 -0.51 -0.52 -0.35 -0.36 -0.39 -0.4 -0.64 -0.64 0.7 0.7 0.68 0.68 0.52 0.52 0.68 0.68 0.53 0.56 0.62 0.61 98.1 14.1
Externalizing -0.63 -0.63 -0.55 -0.56 -0.52 -0.55 -0.33 -0.34 -0.57 -0.58 -0.42 -0.43 -0.44 -0.45 -0.75 -0.75 0.65 0.65 0.68 0.68 0.54 0.54 0.62 0.62 0.46 0.49 0.61 0.6 4 2.6
Internalizing -0.39 -0.39 -0.4 -0.41 -0.25 -0.27 -0.22 -0.23 -0.32 -0.33 -0.22 -0.23 -0.38 -0.39 -0.42 -0.42 0.57 0.57 0.48 0.48 0.37 0.37 0.48 0.48 0.56 0.59 0.52 0.51 3 2.2
Hyperactivity -0.49 -0.49 -0.45 -0.46 -0.47 -0.5 -0.26 -0.27 -0.5 -0.51 -0.3 -0.31 -0.24 -0.25 -0.59 -0.59 0.65 0.65 0.7 0.7 0.46 0.46 0.72 0.72 0.4 0.43 0.51 0.5 4.2 2.8
                                                             
SSIS Mean 97.4 15.3 12.5 15 12.2 13.2 15.3 11.6 101.5 8 1.2 5.5 4.7 8.5    
SSIS SD 15 2.9 2.7 3.2 3 3.1 3.4 3.8 14.7 5.3 1.7 3.8 3.8 5.5    

N = 126.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for both SSIS and SSRS.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 13-18

Correlations of the SSIS Parent Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the SSRS Parent Secondary Form Scale and Subscale Scores, Ages 13-18

  SSIS Parent Form  
SSRS Parent Secondary Form Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum SSRS
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Social Skills 0.66 0.69 0.53 0.54 0.51 0.52 0.42 0.43 0.52 0.56 0.58 0.57 0.5 0.53 0.66 0.69 -0.53 -0.62 -0.57 -0.64 -0.47 -0.56 -0.49 -0.59 -0.34 -0.37 -0.55 -0.59 170.3 15.2
Cooperation 0.52 0.55 0.37 0.38 0.57 0.58 0.23 0.24 0.53 0.57 0.48 0.47 0.26 0.28 0.51 0.54 -0.38 -0.46 -0.5 -0.57 -0.43 -0.52 -0.43 -0.53 -0.16 -0.18 -0.33 -0.37 12.7 3.7
Assertion 0.47 0.5 0.36 0.37 0.17 0.18 0.48 0.49 0.22 0.24 0.33 0.32 0.68 0.71 0.38 0.41 -0.47 -0.55 -0.32 -0.37 -0.21 -0.27 -0.37 -0.46 -0.46 -0.5 -0.57 -0.61 15.5 3.5
Responsibility 0.59 0.62 0.52 0.53 0.49 0.5 0.34 0.35 0.49 0.53 0.58 0.57 0.34 0.37 0.55 0.58 -0.39 -0.47 -0.5 -0.57 -0.42 -0.51 -0.35 -0.44 -0.15 -0.16 -0.45 -0.49 17.7 2.2
Self-Control 0.52 0.55 0.45 0.46 0.46 0.47 0.2 0.21 0.47 0.51 0.52 0.51 0.24 0.26 0.61 0.64 -0.44 -0.52 -0.54 -0.61 -0.49 -0.59 -0.39 -0.48 -0.21 -0.23 -0.4 -0.44 14.6 3.6
                                                             
Problem Behaviors -0.48 -0.51 -0.37 -0.38 -0.36 -0.37 -0.29 -0.3 -0.39 -0.42 -0.35 -0.34 -0.36 -0.39 -0.56 -0.59 0.7 0.77 0.63 0.69 0.56 0.66 0.52 0.62 0.62 0.66 0.46 0.5 92.9 10.6
Externalizing -0.53 -0.56 -0.41 -0.42 -0.5 -0.51 -0.2 -0.21 -0.5 -0.54 -0.48 -0.47 -0.27 -0.29 -0.64 -0.67 0.62 0.7 0.71 0.77 0.66 0.75 0.54 0.64 0.37 0.4 0.4 0.44 2.4 2.1
Internalizing -0.29 -0.31 -0.22 -0.23 -0.11 -0.11 -0.33 -0.34 -0.14 -0.15 -0.13 -0.13 -0.39 -0.42 -0.29 -0.31 0.56 0.65 0.36 0.42 0.28 0.35 0.35 0.44 0.67 0.7 0.4 0.44 3.1 1.9
                                                             
SSIS Mean 100.5 16.8 14.2 14.6 14.5 13.5 14.9 13.4 98.7 4.7 0.8 3.4 4.3 6.8    
SSIS SD 14 3.1 2.8 3.2 2.8 3.4 3.5 3.6 11.6 4.2 1.4 2.7 4 4.9    

N = 114.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for both SSIS and SSRS.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Student Form

Age Range: 8-12

Correlations of the SSIS Student Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the SSRS Student Elementary Form Scale and Subscale Scores, Ages 8-12

  SSIS Student Form                        
SSRS Student Elementary Form Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing SSRS
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Social Skills 0.57 0.64 0.42 0.44 0.4 0.43 0.41 0.46 0.56 0.62 0.46 0.49 0.34 0.37 0.48 0.53 -0.32 -0.34 -0.3 -0.3 -0.26 -0.28 -0.3 -0.31 -0.21 -0.23 107.1 15.5
Cooperation 0.46 0.52 0.28 0.3 0.43 0.46 0.32 0.36 0.5 0.56 0.37 0.4 0.15 0.16 0.42 0.47 -0.37 -0.39 -0.39 -0.39 -0.32 -0.34 -0.35 -0.36 -0.17 -0.19 15.5 2.7
Assertion 0.45 0.51 0.3 0.32 0.29 0.31 0.29 0.33 0.47 0.53 0.33 0.36 0.35 0.38 0.38 0.43 -0.28 -0.3 -0.25 -0.25 -0.21 -0.23 -0.24 -0.25 -0.24 -0.26 14.1 2.8
Empathy 0.57 0.64 0.49 0.52 0.37 0.4 0.47 0.52 0.51 0.57 0.55 0.58 0.34 0.37 0.33 0.37 -0.24 -0.25 -0.25 -0.25 -0.23 -0.25 -0.23 -0.23 -0.11 -0.12 16 3.2
Self-Control 0.56 0.63 0.42 0.44 0.41 0.44 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.56 0.46 0.49 0.28 0.3 0.51 0.56 -0.33 -0.35 -0.33 -0.33 -0.33 -0.35 -0.3 -0.31 -0.17 -0.19 12.4 3.6
                                                         
SSIS Mean 101.5 14 16.6 14.5 16 13.7 15.4 11.4 98.2 6.1 1.7 6.1 8.3    
SSIS SD 12.6 2.8 3.2 3.5 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.4 14.1 6.1 2.6 4.4 5.4    

N = 139.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for both SSIS and SSRS.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Student Form

Age Range: 13-18

Correlations of the SSIS Student Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the SSRS Student Elementary Form Scale and Subscale Scores, Ages 13-18

  SSIS Student Form                        
SSRS Student Secondary Form Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing SSRS
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Social Skills 0.35 0.36 0.27 0.29 0.31 0.38 0.31 0.3 0.27 0.32 0.09 0.08 0.43 0.42 0.31 0.33 -0.43 -0.43 -0.38 -0.4 -0.28 -0.28 -0.37 -0.37 -0.42 -0.41 109.8 14.1
Cooperation 0.27 0.28 0.16 0.17 0.35 0.43 0.28 0.27 0.28 0.33 0.11 0.1 0.19 0.19 0.21 0.22 -0.36 -0.36 -0.39 -0.41 -0.29 -0.29 -0.38 -0.38 -0.25 -0.25 15.8 2.8
Assertion 0.22 0.23 0.19 0.2 0.09 0.11 0.26 0.25 0.1 0.12 0 0 0.46 0.45 0.11 0.12 -0.33 -0.33 -0.21 -0.22 -0.21 -0.21 -0.2 -0.2 -0.46 -0.45 13.3 3.4
Empathy 0.5 0.52 0.51 0.53 0.29 0.36 0.4 0.38 0.35 0.41 0.45 0.43 0.56 0.55 0.26 0.27 -0.21 -0.21 -0.22 -0.23 -0.25 -0.25 -0.13 -0.13 -0.16 -0.16 15.3 2.9
Self-Control 0.23 0.24 0.14 0.15 0.36 0.44 0.13 0.12 0.24 0.28 0.04 0.04 0.12 0.12 0.38 0.4 -0.41 -0.41 -0.45 -0.47 -0.29 -0.29 -0.39 -0.39 -0.29 -0.29 12.5 2.8
                                                         
SSIS Mean 102.5 13.7 15.3 13.6 15.3 13.5 15.5 11.3 100.4 7.7 2.1 6.2 7.2    
SSIS SD 14.3 3 3 3.9 3 3.5 3.7 3.4 14.7 6.1 2.6 4.6 5.7    

N = 85.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for both SSIS and SSRS.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Demographic Characteristics of Samples Used for Correlations With the BASC-2

  BASC-2
  TRS PRS SRP
Characteristic Preschool Child Adolescent Preschool Child Adolescent Child Adolescent
N 16 41 16 16 43 20 34 19
                 
Age                
Mean (years:months) 4:4 9:5 15:3 4:1 8:9 15:0 10:0 16:1
SD (months) 8.8 19.9 19.8 8.7 17.8 13.8 12.5 19.5
                 
Sex                
Female 7 21 8 9 26 11 17 10
Male 9 20 8 7 17 9 17 9
                 
Race/ethnicity                
African American 0 8 0 2 4 3 9 2
Hispanic 2 4 2 1 1 2 3 2
White 13 24 11 11 34 14 15 11
Othera 1 5 3 2 4 1 7 4
                 
Mother'sb education                
Grade 11 or less 0 4 2 1 2 2 1 1
Grade 12 or GED 7 14 6 3 7 4 14 6
1-3 years of college 4 16 7 7 16 8 10 6
4 or more years of college 5 7 1 5 18 6 9 6
                 
Region                
Northeast 2 5 0 4 9 5 11 4
North Central 3 20 10 6 13 5 10 6
South 7 15 1 2 13 6 8 3
West 4 1 5 4 8 4 5 6
                 
Test interval (days)                
Range 23-71 30-63 19-87 23-90 29-84 40-81 27-88 46-79
Mean  41.4 50 52.2 70.9 61.3 62 61 64.1

Note. BASC-2 TRS = Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition, Teacher Rating Scales; BASC-2 PRS =  Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition.
Parent Rating Scales; BASC-2 SRP = Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition, Self-Report of Personality.
aIncludes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Pacific Islanders, and all other groups not classified as African American, Hispanic, or White.
bIf mother's or female guardian's education level was not reported, father's or male guardian's education level was used.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 3-5

Correlations of the SSIS Teacher Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the BASC-2 TRS-P Composite and Scale Scores, Ages 3-5

  SSIS Teacher Form  
BASC-2 TRS-P Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum BASC-2 TRS-P
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Composite                                                             
Externalizing Problems -0.67 -0.66 -0.66 -0.67 -0.69 -0.69 -0.29 -0.26 -0.73 -0.78 -0.47 -0.53 -0.33 -0.26 -0.8 -0.76 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.88 0.88 0.89 0.81 0.83 0.44 0.38 0.64 0.58 50.7 10.1
Internalizing Problems -0.11 -0.11 -0.07 -0.07 -0.11 -0.11 0.1 0.09 -0.06 -0.07 0.05 0.06 -0.09 -0.07 -0.37 -0.33 0.43 0.44 0.28 0.32 0.33 0.34 0.22 0.24 0.55 0.48 0.21 0.18 49.9 7.8
Adaptive Skills 0.8 0.79 0.68 0.69 0.72 0.72 0.54 0.49 0.59 0.65 0.78 0.82 0.69 0.59 0.65 0.6 -0.88 -0.88 -0.75 -0.79 -0.73 -0.74 -0.78 -0.81 -0.65 -0.58 -0.85 -0.81 52 10.3
Behavioral Symptoms Index -0.67 -0.66 -0.58 -0.59 -0.65 -0.65 -0.34 -0.3 -0.62 -0.68 -0.52 -0.58 -0.5 -0.41 -0.7 -0.65 0.88 0.88 0.72 0.77 0.75 0.76 0.76 0.79 0.67 0.6 0.74 0.68 49.8 10.3
                                                             
Scale                                                            
Hyperactivity -0.64 -0.63 -0.61 -0.62 -0.66 -0.66 -0.3 -0.27 -0.71 -0.76 -0.45 -0.52 -0.35 -0.28 -0.72 -0.67 0.83 0.84 0.79 0.83 0.76 0.77 0.81 0.83 0.48 0.41 0.61 0.55 50.2 10.1
Aggression -0.64 -0.63 -0.66 -0.67 -0.67 -0.67 -0.25 -0.22 -0.7 -0.75 -0.44 -0.5 -0.26 -0.2 -0.84 -0.81 0.8 0.81 0.83 0.86 0.93 0.94 0.73 0.76 0.36 0.31 0.61 0.55 51.1 10.3
Anxiety -0.35 -0.34 -0.25 -0.26 -0.18 -0.18 -0.3 -0.27 -0.08 -0.08 -0.38 -0.43 -0.58 -0.48 -0.13 -0.11 0.53 0.54 0.21 0.24 0.18 0.19 0.29 0.32 0.82 0.77 0.5 0.44 50.9 10
Depression -0.06 -0.06 -0.01 -0.01 -0.14 -0.14 0.28 0.25 -0.18 -0.21 0.04 0.05 0.09 0.07 -0.46 -0.41 0.47 0.48 0.46 0.51 0.58 0.6 0.39 0.42 0.38 0.32 0.09 0.08 49.1 10.5
Somatization 0.32 0.31 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.31 0.28 0.2 0.23 0.63 0.69 0.5 0.41 -0.12 -0.11 -0.31 -0.32 -0.22 -0.25 -0.2 -0.21 -0.38 -0.41 -0.3 -0.25 -0.33 -0.28 49.4 7
Attention Problems -0.58 -0.57 -0.58 -0.59 -0.75 -0.75 -0.32 -0.28 -0.8 -0.84 -0.31 -0.36 -0.14 -0.11 -0.7 -0.65 0.62 0.63 0.67 0.72 0.56 0.58 0.68 0.71 0.15 0.13 0.51 0.45 50.1 9.2
Atypicality -0.53 -0.52 -0.45 -0.46 -0.41 -0.41 -0.33 -0.29 -0.32 -0.37 -0.49 -0.55 -0.64 -0.54 -0.38 -0.34 0.7 0.71 0.37 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.5 0.54 0.74 0.68 0.74 0.68 48.7 7.5
Withdrawal -0.62 -0.61 -0.44 -0.45 -0.41 -0.41 -0.59 -0.54 -0.24 -0.28 -0.68 -0.73 -0.89 -0.83 -0.23 -0.2 0.64 0.65 0.27 0.31 0.26 0.27 0.43 0.46 0.87 0.83 0.8 0.75 49.8 14.1
Adaptability 0.56 0.55 0.52 0.53 0.5 0.5 0.23 0.2 0.34 0.39 0.51 0.57 0.48 0.39 0.68 0.63 -0.69 -0.7 -0.51 -0.56 -0.67 -0.69 -0.5 -0.54 -0.57 -0.5 -0.73 -0.67 52.6 10.2
Social Skills 0.77 0.76 0.6 0.61 0.73 0.73 0.64 0.59 0.66 0.71 0.76 0.81 0.64 0.54 0.5 0.45 -0.78 -0.79 -0.74 -0.78 -0.55 -0.57 -0.78 -0.81 -0.56 -0.49 -0.69 -0.63 51.6 11.2
Functional Communication 0.75 0.74 0.67 0.68 0.65 0.65 0.54 0.49 0.54 0.6 0.77 0.82 0.68 0.58 0.55 0.5 -0.82 -0.83 -0.69 -0.74 -0.71 -0.73 -0.7 -0.77 -0.58 -0.51 -0.82 -0.77 50.8 9
                                                             
SSIS Mean 100.1 15.3 12.9 12.8 13.4 12.6 14.4 14.4 102.6 6.4 1.6 5.6 3.8 9.8    
SSIS SD 15.6 3.6 3.3 4.9 3.1 3 5.3 5 14.7 5.5 2.2 4.1 3.6 7.3    

N = 16.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for both SSIS and SSRS.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 5-12

Correlations of the SSIS Teacher Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the BASC-2 TRS-C Composite and Scale Scores, Ages 5-12

  SSIS Teacher Form      
BASC-2 TRS-C Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence BASC-2 TRS-C
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Composite                                                                 
Externalizing Problems -0.58 -0.56 -0.54 -0.5 -0.67 -0.68 -0.15 -0.13 -0.75 -0.78 -0.47 -0.49 -0.4 -0.36 -0.64 -0.72 0.79 0.87 0.94 0.98 0.8 0.89 0.75 0.82 0.33 0.34 0.6 0.63 -0.38 -0.38 47.2 8.2
Internalizing Problems -0.43 -0.41 -0.3 -0.27 -0.46 -0.47 -0.43 -0.38 -0.38 -0.41 -0.17 -0.18 -0.51 -0.46 -0.29 -0.36 0.59 0.71 0.28 0.43 0.11 0.16 0.48 0.58 0.78 0.79 0.4 0.43 -0.47 -0.47 48.9 11
Adaptive Skills -0.7 -0.68 -0.63 -0.59 -0.84 -0.85 -0.46 -0.4 -0.72 -0.75 -0.39 -0.41 -0.61 -0.56 -0.59 -0.68 0.8 0.88 0.65 0.81 0.39 0.54 0.87 0.92 0.63 0.64 0.66 0.69 -0.78 -0.78 48.4 10
Behavioral Symptoms Index 0.85 0.84 0.77 0.74 0.76 0.77 0.65 0.59 0.76 0.79 0.65 0.97 0.81 0.77 0.73 0.8 -0.77 -0.86 -0.62 -0.79 -0.47 -0.62 -0.72 -0.8 -0.66 -0.67 -0.82 -0.84 0.68 0.68 55.3 10.3
  -0.73 -0.71 -0.63 -0.59 -0.76 -0.77 -0.47 -0.41 -0.73 -0.76 -0.54 -0.56 -0.69 -0.64 -0.65 -0.73 0.91 0.95 0.78 0.9 0.53 0.68 0.84 0.89 0.74 0.75 0.77 0.8 -0.63 -0.63 47.7 9.6
Scale                                                                
Hyperactivity -0.56 -0.54 -0.52 -0.48 -0.77 -0.78 -0.13 -0.11 -0.76 -0.79 -0.35 -0.37 -0.38 -0.34 -0.6 -0.69 0.73 0.83 0.87 0.94 0.6 0.75 0.85 0.9 0.28 0.29 0.54 0.57 -0.4 -0.4 48 8.8
Aggression -0.51 -0.49 -0.46 -0.42 -0.5 -0.51 -0.12 -0.1 -0.63 -0.66 -0.51 -0.53 -0.36 -0.32 -0.6 -0.69 0.75 0.84 0.89 0.96 0.86 0.93 0.57 0.67 0.36 0.37 0.55 0.58 -0.32 -0.32 47.4 8.2
Conduct Problems -0.53 -0.51 -0.52 -0.48 -0.56 -0.57 -0.16 -0.14 -0.68 -0.71 -0.47 -0.49 -0.36 -0.32 -0.56 -0.65 0.71 0.81 0.88 0.95 0.81 0.9 0.64 0.73 0.26 0.27 0.57 0.6 -0.3 -0.3 46.6 7.7
Anxiety -0.24 -0.23 -0.14 -0.13 -0.29 -0.3 -0.34 -0.3 -0.18 -0.2 -0.01 -0.01 -0.31 -0.28 -0.12 -0.15 0.41 0.52 0.13 0.21 0.03 0.04 0.33 0.41 0.64 0.65 0.19 0.21 -0.36 -0.36 49.4 8.8
Depression -0.62 -0.6 -0.5 -0.46 -0.58 -0.59 0.5 -0.44 -0.52 -0.55 -0.46 -0.48 -0.65 -0.6 -0.53 -0.62 0.79 0.87 0.51 0.69 0.31 0.44 0.62 0.71 0.86 0.87 0.66 0.69 -0.61 -0.61 49.6 10.1
Somatization -0.24 -0.23 -0.12 -0.11 -0.32 -0.33 -0.28 -0.24 -0.27 -0.29 0.01 0.01 -0.36 -0.32 -0.11 -0.14 0.33 0.43 0.1 0.16 -0.03 -0.04 0.29 0.36 0.52 0.53 0.19 0.21 -0.26 -0.26 48.5 11.8
Attention Problems -0.7 -0.68 -0.61 -0.57 -0.86 -0.87 -0.36 -0.31 -0.77 -0.8 -0.46 -0.48 -0.59 -0.54 -0.65 -0.73 0.76 0.85 0.74 0.87 0.5 0.65 0.85 0.9 0.44 0.45 0.64 0.67 -0.62 -0.62 47.1 9.7
Learning Problems -0.57 -0.55 -0.53 -0.49 -0.66 -0.67 -0.48 -0.42 -0.55 -0.58 -0.26 -0.27 -0.52 -0.47 -0.42 -0.5 0.69 0.79 0.46 0.64 0.23 0.33 0.73 0.81 0.69 0.7 0.56 0.59 -0.78 -0.78 50 10.5
Atypicality -0.5 -0.48 -0.42 -0.39 -0.57 -0.58 -0.43 -0.38 -0.43 -0.46 -0.28 -0.29 -0.53 -0.48 -0.37 -0.45 0.75 0.84 0.5 0.68 0.21 0.31 0.74 0.82 0.74 0.75 0.57 0.6 -0.57 -0.57 47.8 8.5
Withdrawal -0.67 -0.65 -0.57 -0.53 -0.48 -0.49 -0.64 -0.58 -0.49 -0.52 -0.55 -0.57 -0.8 -0.76 -0.46 -0.55 0.7 0.8 0.41 0.59 0.23 0.33 0.52 0.62 0.81 0.82 0.74 0.77 -0.51 -0.51 49 11.8
Adaptability 0.75 0.73 0.7 0.66 0.6 0.61 0.49 0.43 0.69 0.72 0.68 0.7 0.66 0.61 0.72 0.79 -0.72 -0.82 -0.61 -0.78 -0.52 -0.67 -0.59 -0.68 -0.56 -0.57 -0.76 -0.79 0.58 0.58 56.1 8.9
Social Skills 0.8 0.78 0.77 0.74 0.56 0.57 0.62 0.56 0.66 0.69 0.68 0.7 0.79 0.75 0.7 0.78 -0.65 -0.76 -0.53 -0.71 -0.45 -0.6 -0.53 -0.63 -0.58 -0.59 -0.78 -0.8 0.37 0.37 55.1 10.5
Leadership 0.83 0.81 0.73 0.69 0.74 0.75 0.68 0.62 0.72 0.75 0.61 0.63 0.82 0.78 0.71 0.79 -0.78 -0.86 -0.58 -0.75 -0.38 -0.52 -0.73 -0.81 -0.72 -0.73 -0.81 -0.83 0.69 0.69 55.4 11.4
Study Skills 0.74 0.72 0.63 0.59 0.78 0.79 0.58 0.52 0.7 0.73 0.48 0.5 0.67 0.62 0.58 0.67 -0.64 -0.75 -0.54 -0.72 -0.41 -0.56 -0.68 -0.77 -0.49 -0.5 -0.63 -0.66 0.71 0.71 54.3 9.6
Functional Communication 0.77 0.75 0.7 0.66 0.76 0.77 0.6 0.54 0.7 0.73 0.54 0.56 0.71 0.66 0.64 0.72 -0.73 -0.83 -0.57 -0.75 -0.39 -0.54 -0.73 -0.81 -0.62 -0.63 -0.74 -0.77 0.73 0.73 53 9.3
                                                                 
SSIS Mean 105.2 16.5 13.4 13.1 14.5 13.8 15 16.1 93.9 2.8 0.8 3.2 2.6 7.2 98.3    
SSIS SD 15.9 4.1 3.6 4.8 3.4 3.6 4.1 3.5 10.8 3.9 1.6 3.5 3.3 5.8 14.7    

N = 41.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for both SSIS and SSRS.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 13-18

Correlations of the SSIS Teacher Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the BASC-2 TRS-A Composite and Scale Scores, Ages 13-18

  SSIS Teacher Form  
BASC-2 TRS-A Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence BASC-2 TRS-A
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Composite                                                                 
Externalizing Problems -0.42 -0.39 -0.39 -0.34 -0.59 -0.57 0.1 0.1 -0.64 -0.54 -0.2 -0.21 -0.33 -0.32 -0.45 -0.48 0.94 0.86 0.94 0.86 0.88 0.79 0.89 0.75 0.82 0.79 0.7 0.57 -0.57 -0.62 52.6 11.1
Internalizing Problems -0.6 -0.57 -0.61 -0.55 -0.65 -0.63 -0.21 -0.21 -0.56 -0.46 -0.35 -0.37 -0.66 -0.65 -0.55 -0.58 0.54 0.36 0.46 0.3 0.36 0.26 0.48 0.3 0.66 0.62 0.73 0.6 -0.31 -0.34 54.9 12.4
School Problems -0.65 -0.62 -0.59 -0.53 -0.82 -0.8 -0.16 -0.16 -0.78 -0.69 -0.36 -0.38 -0.62 -0.61 -0.61 -0.64 0.86 0.71 0.85 0.7 0.65 0.52 0.86 0.7 0.78 0.75 0.81 0.7 -0.62 -0.67 52.9 11.5
Adaptive Skills 0.84 0.82 0.88 0.85 0.79 0.77 0.41 0.42 0.79 0.71 0.59 0.61 0.82 0.71 0.77 0.8 -0.64 -0.45 -0.56 -0.38 -0.44 -0.33 -0.56 -0.37 -0.74 -0.7 -0.88 -0.8 0.64 0.68 52.8 10.6
Behavioral Symptoms Index -0.59 -0.56 -0.63 -0.57 -0.69 -0.67 -0.09 -0.09 -0.7 -0.6 -0.27 -0.28 -0.59 -0.58 -0.55 -0.58 0.86 0.71 0.77 0.6 0.61 0.48 0.81 0.63 0.91 0.89 0.89 0.81 -0.55 -0.6 54.7 11.8
                                                                 
Scale                                                                
Hyperactivity -0.29 -0.27 -0.34 -0.29 -0.49 -0.47 0.22 0.22 -0.53 -0.43 0.03 0.03 -0.3 -0.29 -0.34 -0.37 0.81 0.64 0.77 0.6 0.57 0.44 0.85 0.68 0.77 0.74 0.64 0.51 -0.44 -0.48 54.6 10.7
Aggression -0.4 -0.37 -0.41 -0.36 -0.46 -0.44 0.02 0.02 -0.49 -0.4 -0.38 -0.4 -0.28 -0.27 -0.39 -0.42 0.79 0.61 0.8 0.63 0.95 0.91 0.64 0.44 0.68 0.64 0.64 0.51 -0.53 -0.58 51.2 9.5
Conduct Problems -0.42 -0.39 -0.34 -0.29 -0.63 -0.61 0.06 0.06 -0.69 -0.59 -0.18 -0.19 -0.31 -0.3 -0.46 -0.49 0.93 0.84 0.96 0.9 0.85 0.75 0.9 0.77 0.77 0.74 0.64 0.51 -0.58 -0.63 51.4 13.9
Anxiety -0.52 -0.49 -0.59 -0.53 -0.53 -0.51 -0.14 -0.14 -0.5 -0.41 -0.29 -0.3 -0.58 -0.57 -0.48 -0.51 0.42 0.27 0.32 0.2 0.25 0.18 0.35 0.21 0.61 0.57 0.64 0.51 -0.21 -0.24 52.5 8.2
Depression -0.61 -0.58 -0.61 -0.55 -0.73 -0.71 -0.15 -0.15 -0.71 -0.61 -0.2 -0.21 -0.67 -0.66 -0.58 -0.61 0.76 0.57 0.66 0.48 0.39 0.29 0.75 0.55 0.87 0.85 0.85 0.75 -0.4 -0.44 55.6 11.8
Somatization -0.45 -0.42 -0.44 -0.39 -0.47 -0.45 -0.23 -0.23 -0.3 -0.24 -0.4 -0.42 -0.49 -0.48 -0.4 -0.43 0.31 0.19 0.26 0.16 0.33 0.24 0.22 0.13 0.36 0.33 0.49 0.37 -0.2 -0.22 54.7 14.8
Attention Problems -0.61 -0.58 -0.58 -0.52 -0.79 -0.77 -0.11 -0.11 -0.78 -0.69 -0.31 -0.33 -0.58 -0.57 -0.55 -0.58 0.85 0.7 0.84 0.69 0.6 0.47 0.87 0.72 0.78 0.75 0.78 0.66 -0.55 -0.6 53.6 11
Learning Problems -0.66 -0.63 -0.58 -0.52 -0.81 -0.79 -0.18 -0.18 -0.74 -0.65 -0.39 -0.41 -0.63 -0.62 -0.63 -0.66 0.83 0.67 0.82 0.66 0.67 0.54 0.8 0.61 0.75 0.71 0.8 0.69 -0.66 -0.7 51.7 10.7
Atypicality -0.41 -0.38 -0.56 -0.5 -0.35 -0.33 -0.17 -0.17 -0.39 -0.31 -0.24 -0.25 -0.37 -0.36 -0.32 -0.35 0.52 0.34 0.39 0.25 0.42 0.31 0.42 0.26 0.67 0.63 0.65 0.52 -0.43 -0.47 53.9 12.6
Withdrawal -0.63 -0.6 -0.65 -0.59 -0.64 -0.62 -0.23 -0.23 -0.6 -0.5 -0.31 -0.33 -0.75 -0.74 -0.56 -0.59 0.62 0.43 0.49 0.33 0.24 0.17 0.56 0.37 0.79 0.76 0.88 0.8 -0.37 -0.41 52.9 13.1
Adaptability 0.68 0.65 0.79 0.74 0.59 0.57 0.35 0.36 0.56 0.46 0.53 0.55 0.71 0.7 0.54 0.57 -0.41 -0.26 -0.3 -0.19 -0.24 -0.17 -0.33 -0.2 -0.62 -0.58 -0.74 -0.61 0.3 0.33 50.1 10.6
Social Skills 0.77 0.74 0.77 0.72 0.69 0.67 0.39 0.4 0.66 0.56 0.62 0.64 0.79 0.78 0.7 0.73 -0.54 -0.36 -0.48 -0.32 -0.36 -0.26 -0.5 -0.32 -0.6 -0.56 -0.75 -0.63 0.55 0.6 53.8 8.6
Leadership 0.79 0.76 0.77 0.72 0.76 0.74 0.37 0.38 0.77 0.68 0.48 0.5 0.78 0.77 0.8 0.82 -0.62 -0.43 -0.55 -0.38 -0.37 -0.27 -0.58 -0.38 -0.73 -0.69 -0.81 -0.7 0.73 0.77 53.3 11.2
Study Skills 0.84 0.82 0.8 0.75 0.9 0.89 0.36 0.37 0.93 0.89 0.54 0.56 0.76 0.75 0.77 0.8 -0.83 -0.67 -0.81 -0.65 -0.65 -0.52 -0.76 -0.56 -0.8 -0.77 -0.89 -0.81 0.74 0.78 52.4 11
Functional Communication 0.76 0.73 0.87 0.83 0.67 0.65 0.39 0.4 0.69 0.59 0.55 0.57 0.72 0.71 0.66 0.69 -0.49 -0.32 -0.4 -0.26 -0.37 -0.27 -0.4 -0.25 -0.62 -0.58 -0.79 -0.67 0.55 0.6 52.1 10
                                                                 
SSIS Mean 97.7 15.8 12.7 13.4 12.9 12.5 14.1 13.7 108.3 5.8 1.3 5.1 4.3 10.1 97.2    
SSIS SD 16.4 4.1 3.5 4.4 4.4 3.6 4.2 4.4 24.8 8.3 2.7 6.2 4 7.9 13.4    

N = 16.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and composite and scale T scores for BASC-2.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 3-5

Correlations of the SSIS Parent Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the BASC-2 PRS-P Composite and Scale Scores, Ages 3-5

  SSIS Parent Form  
BASC-2 PRS-P Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum BASC-2 PRS-P
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Composite                                                             
Externalizing Problems -0.01 -0.01 0.1 0.08 -0.1 -0.11 0.05 0.04 -0.06 -0.06 0.16 0.13 0.01 0.01 -0.47 -0.53 0.6 0.67 0.71 0.76 0.75 0.72 0.44 0.56 0.3 0.34 0.05 0.04 52.9 10.1
Internalizing Problems 0.15 0.13 0.21 0.17 -0.03 -0.03 0.29 0.22 0.18 0.17 0.33 0.27 0.09 0.09 -0.31 -0.36 0.66 0.73 0.72 0.77 0.66 0.63 0.43 0.55 0.39 0.44 0.05 0.04 54.7 8.2
Adaptive Skills 0.86 0.82 0.79 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.89 0.83 0.78 0.75 0.83 0.77 0.82 0.81 0.45 0.51 -0.2 -0.24 -0.02 -0.02 -0.03 -0.03 -0.21 -0.29 -0.3 -0.34 -0.73 -0.69 43.4 13.5
Behavioral Symptoms Index -0.41 -0.35 -0.36 -0.3 -0.62 -0.65 -0.31 -0.24 -0.38 -0.35 -0.19 -0.16 -0.33 -0.32 -0.59 -0.66 0.76 0.82 0.61 0.67 0.64 0.61 0.57 0.69 0.64 0.69 0.49 0.45 54.4 9
                                                             
Scale                                                            
Hyperactivity -0.13 -0.11 -0.09 -0.07 -0.33 -0.35 -0.09 -0.07 -0.13 -0.12 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 -0.48 -0.54 0.54 0.61 0.57 0.63 0.52 0.49 0.51 0.64 0.31 0.35 0.13 0.12 52.7 8.7
Aggression 0.07 0.06 0.21 0.17 0.09 0.1 0.12 0.09 -0.01 -0.01 0.23 0.19 -0.01 -0.01 -0.39 -0.45 0.55 0.62 0.7 0.75 0.79 0.76 0.32 0.43 0.25 0.28 -0.02 -0.02 52.6 11.7
Anxiety 0.46 0.4 0.5 0.42 0.28 0.3 0.6 0.49 0.44 0.41 0.56 0.48 0.43 0.41 -0.18 -0.21 0.42 0.49 0.61 0.67 0.55 0.52 0.32 0.43 0.12 0.14 -0.33 -0.3 50.4 9.6
Depression -0.11 -0.09 -0.07 -0.06 -0.28 -0.3 0.03 0.02 -0.01 -0.01 -0.02 -0.02 -0.12 -0.11 -0.42 -0.48 0.72 0.78 0.66 0.71 0.78 0.75 0.4 0.52 0.55 0.6 0.24 0.21 53.4 8.5
Somatization -0.07 -0.06 -0.05 -0.04 -0.11 -0.12 -0.08 -0.06 -0.1 -0.09 0.07 0.06 -0.17 -0.16 -0.02 -0.02 0.21 0.25 0.18 0.21 0.02 0.02 0.15 0.21 0.15 0.17 0.22 0.2 56.6 9.3
Atypicality -0.25 -0.21 -0.32 -0.26 -0.61 -0.64 -0.15 -0.11 -0.16 -0.15 -0.05 -0.04 -0.11 -0.1 -0.33 -0.38 0.59 0.66 0.35 0.4 0.37 0.34 0.4 0.52 0.54 0.59 0.38 0.34 55.5 10.5
Withdrawal -0.64 -0.57 -0.59 -0.51 -0.63 -0.66 -0.58 -0.47 -0.6 -0.57 -0.63 -0.55 -0.72 -0.7 -0.22 -0.26 0.21 0.25 0.02 0.02 -0.02 -0.02 0.2 0.27 0.47 0.52 0.55 0.5 50.9 8.9
Attention Problems -0.65 -0.58 -0.68 -0.6 -0.79 -0.81 -0.63 -0.52 -0.63 -0.6 -0.42 -0.35 -0.45 -0.43 -0.56 -0.63 0.48 0.55 0.15 0.17 0.12 0.11 0.47 0.6 0.49 0.54 0.7 0.66 54.8 10.6
Adaptability 0.71 0.65 0.7 0.62 0.58 0.61 0.79 0.69 0.7 0.67 0.63 0.55 0.67 0.65 0.25 0.29 -0.06 -0.07 0.12 0.14 0.06 0.05 -0.09 -0.12 -0.18 -0.21 -0.58 -0.53 43.4 9
Social Skills 0.85 0.8 0.8 0.73 0.7 0.72 0.89 0.83 0.73 0.7 0.83 0.77 0.82 0.81 0.4 0.46 -0.25 -0.3 -0.09 -0.1 -0.11 -0.1 -0.25 -0.34 -0.32 -0.36 -0.71 -0.67 47.9 11.8
Activities of Daily Living 0.72 0.66 0.61 0.53 0.64 0.66 0.73 0.63 0.61 0.58 0.78 0.71 0.68 0.66 0.43 0.49 -0.18 -0.22 -0.07 -0.08 -0.1 -0.09 -0.16 -0.22 -0.25 -0.28 -0.57 -0.52 45.2 15.2
Functional Communication 0.85 0.8 0.79 0.72 0.8 0.82 0.83 0.74 0.85 0.83 0.73 0.66 0.8 0.79 0.52 0.59 -0.25 -0.3 0 0 0.11 0.1 -0.29 -0.39 -0.36 -0.41 -0.81 -0.77 43 10.2
                                                             
SSIS Mean 90.5 13.5 10.6 12.8 9.4 11 12.4 8.6 105.9 10.3 2 8.1 5.9 14.6    
SSIS SD 17.9 4.1 2.9 5.2 3.8 4.4 4.2 3.2 12.3 4.9 2.3 2.8 3.3 7    

N = 16.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and composite and scale T scores for BASC-2.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 5-12

Correlations of the SSIS Parent Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the BASC-2 PRS-C Composite and Scale Scores, Ages 5-12

  SSIS Parent Form  
BASC-2 PRS-C Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum BASC-2 PRS-C
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Composite                                                             
Externalizing Problems -0.41 -0.45 -0.4 -0.49 -0.57 -0.63 0.06 0.06 -0.61 -0.69 -0.28 -0.32 -0.03 -0.03 -0.62 -0.68 0.71 0.72 0.75 0.78 0.55 0.55 0.77 0.79 0.46 0.43 0.58 0.65 51.3 10.3
Internalizing Problems -0.21 -0.24 -0.29 -0.37 -0.23 -0.26 0.02 0.02 -0.27 -0.33 -0.01 -0.01 -0.06 -0.07 -0.39 -0.45 0.58 0.59 0.42 0.46 0.21 0.21 0.52 0.54 0.59 0.56 0.47 0.54 53.5 10.3
Adaptive Skills 0.62 0.67 0.51 0.61 0.51 0.57 0.33 0.33 0.61 0.69 0.58 0.63 0.36 0.39 0.64 0.7 -0.58 -0.59 -0.57 -0.61 -0.34 -0.34 -0.6 -0.62 -0.47 -0.44 -0.62 -0.69 51.8 9.5
Behavioral Symptoms Index -0.47 -0.52 -0.44 -0.54 -0.55 -0.61 -0.03 -0.03 -0.59 -0.67 -0.29 -0.33 -0.16 -0.17 -0.66 -0.72 0.8 0.81 0.74 0.77 0.5 0.5 0.83 0.84 0.63 0.6 0.73 0.79 51 10.1
                                                             
Scale                                                            
Hyperactivity -0.25 -0.28 -0.32 -0.4 -0.45 -0.5 0.16 0.16 -0.5 -0.58 -0.18 -0.2 0.11 0.12 -0.4 -0.46 0.66 0.67 0.63 0.67 0.46 0.46 0.75 0.77 0.46 0.43 0.49 0.56 51.2 9.7
Aggression -0.44 -0.48 -0.41 -0.51 -0.54 -0.6 -0.01 -0.01 -0.58 -0.66 -0.33 -0.37 -0.04 -0.04 -0.68 -0.74 0.74 0.75 0.81 0.84 0.65 0.65 0.69 0.71 0.49 0.46 0.6 0.67 51 9.8
Conduct Problems -0.43 -0.47 -0.38 -0.47 -0.57 -0.63 0.01 0.01 -0.58 -0.66 -0.26 -0.29 -0.15 -0.16 -0.61 -0.67 0.53 0.54 0.59 0.63 0.39 0.39 0.66 0.68 0.29 0.27 0.5 0.57 51.3 11
Anxiety -0.1 -0.11 -0.18 -0.23 0.06 0.07 -0.04 -0.04 -0.07 -0.09 -0.04 -0.05 -0.11 -0.12 -0.17 -0.2 0.25 0.26 0.13 0.14 0.01 0.01 0.17 0.18 0.31 0.29 0.22 0.26 54.9 11.4
Depression -0.28 -0.31 -0.3 -0.38 -0.4 -0.45 0.14 0.14 -0.4 -0.48 -0.11 -0.13 -0.04 -0.04 -0.54 -0.61 0.72 0.73 0.61 0.65 0.39 0.39 0.6 0.62 0.65 0.62 0.57 0.64 51.7 10.5
Somatization -0.11 -0.12 -0.21 -0.27 -0.2 -0.23 -0.05 -0.05 -0.17 -0.21 0.14 0.16 0.02 0.02 -0.22 -0.26 0.41 0.42 0.27 0.3 0.11 0.11 0.41 0.43 0.44 0.42 0.33 0.39 51.8 10.1
Atypicality -0.4 -0.44 -0.41 -0.51 -0.49 -0.55 -0.06 -0.06 -0.46 -0.54 -0.19 -0.22 -0.11 -0.12 -0.61 -0.67 0.66 0.67 0.58 0.62 0.45 0.45 0.64 0.66 0.5 0.47 0.67 0.74 50.7 9.6
Withdrawal -0.39 -0.43 -0.31 -0.39 -0.12 -0.14 -0.23 -0.23 -0.26 -0.32 -0.24 -0.27 -0.51 -0.54 -0.45 -0.51 0.51 0.52 0.37 0.4 0.08 0.08 0.46 0.48 0.59 0.56 0.6 0.67 50.8 10.3
Attention Problems -0.42 -0.46 -0.36 -0.45 -0.6 -0.66 -0.08 -0.08 -0.57 -0.65 -0.29 -0.33 -0.11 -0.12 -0.45 -0.51 0.52 0.53 0.52 0.56 0.37 0.37 0.73 0.75 0.29 0.27 0.51 0.58 49.1 10.6
Adaptability 0.59 0.64 0.55 0.65 0.55 0.61 0.23 0.23 0.61 0.69 0.49 0.54 0.27 0.29 0.7 0.76 -0.51 -0.52 -0.55 -0.59 -0.34 -0.34 -0.52 -0.54 -0.36 -0.34 -0.59 -0.66 51.7 9.9
Social Skill 0.52 0.57 0.41 0.51 0.35 0.4 0.28 0.28 0.53 0.61 0.69 0.74 0.28 0.3 0.44 0.5 -0.38 -0.39 -0.42 -0.46 -0.26 -0.26 -0.32 -0.34 -0.3 -0.28 -0.43 -0.5 52 10.7
Leadership 0.52 0.57 0.39 0.48 0.29 0.33 0.44 0.44 0.39 0.46 0.41 0.46 0.43 0.46 0.51 0.58 -0.48 -0.49 -0.42 -0.46 -0.2 -0.2 -0.47 -0.49 -0.47 -0.44 -0.49 -0.56 52.7 8.2
Activities of Daily Living 0.52 0.57 0.41 0.51 0.54 0.6 0.21 0.21 0.56 0.64 0.44 0.49 0.21 0.23 0.59 0.66 -0.62 -0.63 -0.61 -0.65 -0.36 -0.36 -0.71 -0.73 -0.47 -0.44 -0.56 -0.63 49.8 10.2
Functional Communication 0.56 0.61 0.46 0.56 0.44 0.49 0.35 0.35 0.51 0.59 0.44 0.49 0.42 0.45 0.54 0.61 -0.48 -0.49 -0.42 -0.46 -0.23 -0.23 -0.55 -0.57 -0.41 -0.39 -0.63 -0.7 51.6 8.6
                                                             
SSIS Mean 99.7 16.2 12.9 14.4 13.1 13.7 15.3 12.3 99.7 6.3 1.1 4.6 5.2 7.9    
SSIS SD 13.2 2.3 2.5 3.3 2.5 2.8 3.2 3.2 14.4 4.8 1.7 3.6 4.4 4.4    

N = 43.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and composite and scale T scores for BASC-2.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 13-18

Correlations of the SSIS Parent Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the BASC-2 PRS-A Composite and Scale Scores, Ages 13-18

  SSIS Parent Form  
BASC-2 PRS-A Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum BASC-2 PRS-A
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Composite                                                             
Externalizing Problems -0.58 -0.66 -0.42 -0.48 -0.73 -0.79 0.03 0.03 -0.69 -0.83 -0.67 -0.72 -0.10 -0.11 -0.73 -0.75 0.66 0.71 0.81 0.82 0.85 0.81 0.61 0.69 0.29 0.30 0.39 0.48 50.9 10.4
Internalizing Problems -0.17 -0.21 -0.26 -0.30 -0.09 -0.11 0.08 0.08 -0.24 -0.36 -0.18 -0.20 -0.24 -0.25 -0.02 -0.02 0.65 0.70 0.53 0.54 0.53 0.47 0.47 0.55 0.58 0.59 0.49 0.58 47.5 8.2
Adaptive Skills 0.66 0.73 0.62 0.68 0.66 0.73 0.26 0.27 0.61 0.77 0.53 0.58 0.41 0.43 0.57 0.59 -0.56 -0.61 -0.55 -0.56 -0.59 -0.53 -0.54 -0.63 -0.41 -0.42 -0.61 -0.70 51.6 7.7
Behavioral Symptoms Index -0.63 -0.70 -0.56 -0.63 -0.65 -0.72 -0.13 -0.13 -0.65 -0.8 -0.55 -0.60 -0.38 -0.40 -0.57 -0.59 0.82 0.85 0.78 0.79 0.74 0.69 0.76 0.83 0.65 0.66 0.68 0.76 49.1 7.8
                                                             
Scale                                                            
Hyperactivity -0.5 -0.58 -0.43 -0.49 -0.59 -0.66 0.21 0.22 -0.58 -0.74 -0.56 -0.61 -0.21 -0.22 -0.69 -0.71 0.62 0.67 0.72 0.73 0.75 0.70 0.61 0.69 0.29 0.30 0.46 0.55 51.5 9.8
Aggression -0.48 -0.56 -0.42 -0.48 -0.64 -0.71 0.03 0.03 -0.57 -0.73 -0.55 -0.60 0.01 0.01 -0.64 -0.66 0.63 0.68 0.78 0.79 0.83 0.79 0.61 0.69 0.28 0.29 0.34 0.42 49.9 10.4
Conduct Problems -0.54 -0.62 -0.28 -0.33 -0.69 -0.76 -0.11 -0.11 -0.66 -0.81 -0.66 -0.71 -0.06 -0.06 -0.62 -0.64 0.55 0.60 0.70 0.71 0.71 0.65 0.46 0.54 0.23 0.24 0.24 0.30 51.0 11.0
Anxiety -0.03 -0.04 -0.01 -0.01 0.19 0.23 -0.06 -0.06 0.05 0.08 0.00 0.00 -0.33 -0.35 0.17 0.18 0.35 0.39 0.15 0.15 0.04 0.03 0.15 0.19 0.54 0.55 0.25 0.31 47.9 7.2
Depression -0.31 -0.37 -0.31 -0.36 -0.30 -0.36 0.05 0.05 -0.36 -0.51 -0.34 -0.38 -0.22 -0.23 -0.28 -0.29 0.77 0.81 0.72 0.73 0.69 0.63 0.69 0.77 0.61 0.62 0.53 0.62 49.7 8.2
Somatization -0.07 -0.09 -0.26 -0.30 -0.07 -0.08 0.19 0.20 -0.23 -0.34 -0.11 -0.12 -0.06 -0.06 0.06 0.06 0.45 0.50 0.39 0.40 0.50 0.44 0.29 0.35 0.29 0.30 0.38 0.47 46.2 9.8
Atypicality -0.52 -0.60 -0.5 -0.56 -0.49 -0.56 -0.28 -0.29 -0.54 -0.71 -0.40 -0.44 -0.42 -0.44 -0.27 -0.28 0.35 0.39 0.22 0.22 0.31 0.27 0.27 0.33 0.37 0.38 0.55 0.64 47.6 5.4
Withdrawal -0.30 -0.36 -0.21 -0.25 0.01 0.01 -0.46 -0.47 -0.09 -0.14 -0.09 -0.10 -0.66 -0.68 0.07 0.07 0.43 0.47 0.09 0.09 -0.12 -0.10 0.29 0.35 0.81 0.82 0.54 0.63 48.5 8.3
Attention Problems -0.46 -0.53 -0.47 -0.53 -0.63 -0.70 -0.17 -0.18 -0.49 -0.66 -0.26 -0.29 -0.17 -0.18 -0.41 -0.43 0.56 0.61 0.56 0.57 0.43 0.38 0.63 0.71 0.42 0.43 0.44 0.53 48.3 8.5
Adaptability 0.65 0.72 0.53 0.60 0.68 0.75 0.18 0.19 0.66 0.81 0.56 0.61 0.44 0.46 0.59 0.61 -0.64 -0.69 -0.62 -0.63 -0.66 -0.60 -0.60 -0.68 -0.49 -0.50 -0.64 -0.73 52.7 8.4
Social Skill 0.67 0.74 0.50 0.56 0.67 0.74 0.18 0.19 0.61 0.77 0.69 0.74 0.39 0.41 0.68 0.70 -0.53 -0.58 -0.56 -0.57 -0.70 -0.64 -0.47 -0.55 -0.37 -0.38 -0.52 -0.61 50.4 10.7
Leadership 0.40 0.47 0.48 0.54 0.39 0.46 0.47 0.48 0.35 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.45 0.47 0.06 0.06 -0.39 -0.43 -0.23 -0.23 -0.07 -0.06 -0.37 -0.45 -0.51 -0.52 -0.55 -0.64 52.9 6.8
Activities of Daily Living 0.34 0.40 0.30 0.35 0.37 0.43 -0.06 -0.06 0.35 0.50 0.46 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.48 0.50 -0.33 -0.37 -0.48 -0.49 -0.51 -0.45 -0.36 -0.43 -0.08 -0.08 -0.20 -0.25 49.7 7.7
Functional Communication 0.58 0.66 0.79 0.84 0.52 0.59 0.37 0.38 0.48 0.65 0.25 0.28 0.41 0.43 0.37 0.39 -0.27 -0.30 -0.21 -0.21 -0.25 -0.22 -0.31 -0.38 -0.16 -0.16 -0.63 -0.72 50.3 6.3
                                                             
SSIS Mean 99.8 16.4 14.1 15.3 14.7 12.6 14.8 13.2 98.6 5.1 1.1 3.0 4.5 7.2    
SSIS SD 12.3 2.7 2.4 3.2 2.0 2.9 3.6 3.7 12.8 4.9 2.1 2.8 4.3 4.3    

N = 20.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and composite and scale T scores for BASC-2.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Student Form

Age Range: 8-12

Correlations of the SSIS Student Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the BASC-2 SRP-C Composite and Scale Scores, Ages 8-12

  SSIS Student Form  
BASC-2 SRP-C Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing BASC-2 SRP-C
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Composite                                                         
School Problems -0.41 -0.41 -0.38 -0.38 -0.39 -0.37 -0.33 -0.37 -0.20 -0.19 -0.32 -0.32 -0.33 -0.36 -0.43 -0.38 0.32 0.34 0.38 0.36 0.38 0.38 0.21 0.23 0.12 0.14 46.4 7.4
Internalizing Problems -0.09 -0.09 -0.33 -0.33 0.02 0.02 0.08 0.09 -0.07 -0.07 0.06 0.06 -0.03 -0.03 -0.24 -0.21 0.38 0.41 0.27 0.26 0.05 0.05 0.28 0.31 0.47 0.52 48.5 7.1
Inattential/Hyperactivity -0.47 -0.47 -0.35 -0.35 -0.40 -0.38 -0.30 -0.34 -0.49 -0.48 -0.38 -0.38 -0.37 -0.41 -0.41 -0.36 0.37 0.39 0.33 0.32 0.22 0.22 0.43 0.47 0.26 0.29 47.1 7.5
Emotional Symptoms Index -0.25 -0.25 -0.46 -0.46 -0.17 -0.16 -0.06 -0.07 -0.22 -0.21 -0.08 -0.08 -0.21 -0.23 -0.28 -0.25 0.43 0.46 0.30 0.29 0.17 0.17 0.26 0.29 0.51 0.56 48.6 7.7
Personal Adjustment 0.35 0.35 0.49 0.49 0.28 0.27 0.17 0.19 0.31 0.30 0.26 0.26 0.28 0.31 0.28 0.25 -0.29 -0.31 -0.16 -0.15 -0.14 -0.14 -0.14 -0.16 -0.39 -0.43 51.4 8.1
                                                         
Scale                                                        
Attitude to School -0.31 -0.31 -0.22 -0.22 -0.25 -0.24 -0.25 -0.28 -0.17 -0.17 -0.36 -0.36 -0.17 -0.19 -0.38 -0.34 0.22 0.24 0.27 0.26 0.31 0.31 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.10 46.3 7.7
Attitude to Teachers -0.41 -0.41 -0.46 -0.46 -0.43 -0.41 -0.34 -0.38 -0.18 -0.17 -0.20 -0.20 -0.42 -0.46 -0.39 -0.34 0.33 0.35 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.35 0.27 0.30 0.11 0.12 47.2 7.4
Atypicality 0.13 0.13 -0.10 -0.10 0.28 0.27 0.29 0.33 0.01 0.01 0.16 0.16 0.26 0.29 -0.11 -0.10 0.16 0.17 -0.01 -0.01 -0.18 -0.18 0.12 0.13 0.39 0.43 48.2 8.3
Locus of Control -0.05 -0.05 -0.24 -0.24 0.09 0.09 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.04 0.00 0.00 -0.10 -0.11 -0.09 -0.08 0.17 0.18 0.13 0.12 -0.04 -0.04 0.12 0.13 0.25 0.28 50.1 7.9
Social Stress -0.19 -0.19 -0.30 -0.30 -0.20 -0.19 -0.03 -0.03 -0.24 -0.23 0.05 0.05 -0.05 -0.06 -0.30 -0.26 0.53 0.56 0.40 0.38 0.28 0.28 0.39 0.43 0.53 0.58 46.8 6.7
Anxiety -0.03 -0.03 -0.27 -0.27 0.00 0.00 0.21 0.24 -0.06 -0.06 0.12 0.12 0.09 0.10 -0.26 -0.23 0.24 0.26 0.17 0.16 0.04 0.04 0.14 0.16 0.33 0.37 50.2 7.0
Depression -0.18 -0.18 -0.38 -0.38 -0.10 -0.09 -0.05 -0.06 -0.05 -0.05 0.00 0.00 -0.21 -0.23 -0.27 -0.24 0.27 0.29 0.21 0.20 0.02 0.02 0.17 0.19 0.33 0.37 47.9 8.7
Sense of Inadequacy -0.13 -0.13 -0.29 -0.29 -0.05 -0.05 -0.05 -0.06 -0.06 -0.06 -0.04 -0.04 -0.20 -0.22 -0.10 -0.09 0.49 0.52 0.41 0.39 0.20 0.20 0.43 0.47 0.45 0.50 49.1 7.2
Attention Problems -0.41 -0.41 -0.23 -0.23 -0.38 -0.36 -0.26 -0.29 -0.50 -0.49 -0.34 -0.34 -0.28 -0.31 -0.32 -0.28 0.40 0.43 0.39 0.37 0.30 0.30 0.46 0.50 0.21 0.24 47.5 7.9
Hyperactivity -0.46 -0.46 -0.42 -0.42 -0.36 -0.34 -0.28 -0.32 -0.40 -0.39 -0.34 -0.34 -0.40 -0.44 -0.41 -0.36 0.30 0.32 0.22 0.21 0.11 0.11 0.33 0.37 0.29 0.32 47.3 7.3
Relations with Parents 0.32 0.32 0.33 0.33 0.31 0.29 0.10 0.11 0.29 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.16 0.18 0.36 0.32 -0.06 -0.06 -0.03 -0.03 0.00 0.00 -0.01 -0.01 -0.11 -0.12 50.5 8.2
Interpersonal Relations 0.10 0.10 0.24 0.24 0.12 0.11 0.07 0.08 -0.04 -0.04 0.02 0.02 0.17 0.19 0.02 0.02 -0.40 -0.43 -0.27 -0.26 -0.21 -0.21 -0.34 -0.38 -0.43 -0.47 53.4 5.5
Self-Esteem 0.14 0.14 0.28 0.28 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.18 0.18 0.10 0.11 0.10 0.09 -0.10 -0.11 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.03 0.03 -0.28 -0.31 52.5 9.5
Self-Reliance 0.41 0.41 0.52 0.52 0.34 0.32 0.25 0.28 0.45 0.44 0.22 0.22 0.38 0.42 0.27 0.24 -0.35 -0.37 -0.26 -0.25 -0.27 -0.27 -0.17 -0.19 -0.37 -0.41 48.1 9.4
                                                         
SSIS Mean 101.2 14.0 16.5 14.3 15.9 14.2 16.3 10.1 101.0 6.9 1.7 6.8 9.7    
SSIS SD 15.2 3.0 3.7 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.3 4.5 13.9 6.4 2.8 4.0 5.3    

N = 34.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and composite and scale T scores for BASC-2.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Student Form

Age Range: 13-18

Correlations of the SSIS Student Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the BASC-2 SRP-A Composite and Scale Scores, Ages 13-18

  SSIS Student Form  
BASC-2 SRP-A Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing BASC-2 SRP-A
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Composite                                                         
School Problems -0.48 -0.47 -0.44 -0.43 -0.61 -0.75 -0.32 -0.25 -0.48 -0.54 -0.45 -0.46 -0.18 -0.16 -0.53 -0.60 0.51 0.56 0.63 0.71 0.34 0.38 0.56 0.64 0.31 0.32 46.1 8.7
Internalizing Problems -0.49 -0.48 -0.47 -0.46 -0.48 -0.62 -0.34 -0.27 -0.57 -0.63 -0.47 -0.48 -0.31 -0.28 -0.46 -0.53 0.84 0.87 0.81 0.86 0.70 0.74 0.67 0.75 0.75 0.76 42.7 9.0
Inattential/Hyperactivity -0.65 -0.64 -0.60 -0.59 -0.62 -0.76 -0.50 -0.41 -0.71 -0.76 -0.49 -0.50 -0.34 -0.31 -0.78 -0.83 0.67 0.72 0.76 0.82 0.49 0.54 0.84 0.89 0.40 0.41 46.7 11.1
Emotional Symptoms Index -0.59 -0.58 -0.58 -0.57 -0.46 -0.60 -0.42 -0.34 -0.66 -0.71 -0.51 -0.52 -0.42 -0.38 -0.56 -0.63 0.87 0.90 0.79 0.85 0.68 0.72 0.71 0.78 0.79 0.80 42.6 9.8
Personal Adjustment 0.69 0.68 0.71 0.70 0.51 0.65 0.50 0.41 0.73 0.78 0.59 0.60 0.57 0.53 0.59 0.66 -0.79 -0.83 -0.73 -0.80 -0.62 -0.67 -0.71 -0.78 -0.70 -0.71 54.2 12.3
                                                         
Scale                                                        
Attitude to School -0.31 -0.30 -0.20 -0.19 -0.30 -0.42 -0.17 -0.13 -0.43 -0.48 -0.19 -0.20 -0.11 -0.10 -0.56 -0.63 0.47 0.52 0.70 0.77 0.32 0.36 0.54 0.62 0.21 0.21 45.3 10.6
Attitude to Teachers -0.51 -0.50 -0.61 -0.60 -0.29 -0.40 -0.45 -0.36 -0.39 -0.44 -0.58 -0.59 -0.44 -0.40 -0.27 -0.32 0.50 0.55 0.41 0.48 0.25 0.28 0.52 0.60 0.47 0.48 48.4 8.8
Sensation Seeking -0.21 -0.20 -0.18 -0.17 -0.75 -0.86 -0.07 -0.05 -0.18 -0.21 -0.24 -0.25 0.16 0.14 -0.26 -0.31 0.06 0.07 0.15 0.18 0.11 0.12 0.09 0.11 -0.07 -0.07 46.9 8.1
Atypicality -0.38 -0.37 -0.43 -0.42 -0.39 -0.53 -0.23 -0.18 -0.41 -0.46 -0.44 -0.45 -0.29 -0.26 -0.18 -0.21 0.70 0.74 0.62 0.70 0.67 0.71 0.50 0.58 0.65 0.66 46.0 9.1
Locus of Control -0.59 -0.58 -0.58 -0.57 -0.48 -0.62 -0.43 -0.34 -0.62 -0.68 -0.54 -0.55 -0.42 -0.38 -0.58 -0.65 0.78 0.82 0.77 0.83 0.60 0.65 0.73 0.80 0.64 0.65 44.8 9.8
Social Stress -0.56 -0.55 -0.59 -0.58 -0.40 -0.54 -0.38 -0.30 -0.66 -0.71 -0.46 -0.47 -0.49 -0.45 -0.46 -0.53 0.82 0.85 0.71 0.78 0.63 0.68 0.61 0.69 0.81 0.81 44.6 10.1
Anxiety -0.41 -0.40 -0.41 -0.40 -0.52 -0.66 -0.30 -0.24 -0.47 -0.53 -0.33 -0.34 -0.21 -0.19 -0.34 -0.40 0.72 0.76 0.52 0.60 0.62 0.67 0.42 0.50 0.79 0.80 42.5 8.5
Depression -0.26 -0.25 -0.14 -0.14 -0.16 -0.23 -0.16 -0.12 -0.42 -0.47 -0.05 -0.05 -0.14 -0.13 -0.56 -0.63 0.59 0.64 0.80 0.85 0.51 0.56 0.61 0.69 0.33 0.34 45.5 8.3
Sense of Inadequacy -0.43 -0.42 -0.40 -0.39 -0.37 -0.50 -0.30 -0.24 -0.45 -0.51 -0.49 -0.50 -0.23 -0.21 -0.40 -0.46 0.71 0.75 0.71 0.78 0.55 0.60 0.66 0.74 0.57 0.58 43.3 8.4
Somatization -0.01 -0.01 0.04 0.04 -0.22 -0.31 -0.06 -0.05 0.04 0.05 -0.24 -0.25 0.22 0.20 0.12 0.14 0.17 0.19 0.18 0.22 0.16 0.18 0.07 0.09 0.17 0.17 43.9 6.8
Attention Problems -0.73 -0.72 -0.68 -0.67 -0.56 -0.70 -0.62 -0.52 -0.80 -0.84 -0.52 -0.53 -0.47 -0.43 -0.84 -0.88 0.76 0.80 0.79 0.85 0.57 0.62 0.85 0.89 0.55 0.56 47.1 12.1
Hyperactivity -0.44 -0.43 -0.39 -0.38 -0.62 -0.76 -0.26 -0.20 -0.48 -0.54 -0.39 -0.40 -0.11 -0.10 -0.58 -0.65 0.45 0.50 0.61 0.69 0.33 0.37 0.68 0.76 0.15 0.15 47.4 8.8
Relations with Parents 0.52 0.51 0.44 0.43 0.48 0.62 0.36 0.29 0.60 0.66 0.34 0.35 0.38 0.35 0.64 0.71 -0.37 -0.41 -0.52 -0.60 -0.28 -0.31 -0.52 -0.60 -0.14 -0.14 50.7 12.2
Interpersonal Relations 0.49 0.48 0.59 0.58 0.32 0.44 0.36 0.29 0.51 0.57 0.47 0.48 0.46 0.42 0.25 0.30 -0.78 -0.82 -0.64 -0.72 -0.66 -0.70 -0.54 -0.62 -0.80 -0.81 51.8 13.1
Self-Esteem 0.61 0.60 0.66 0.65 0.43 0.57 0.46 0.37 0.69 0.74 0.45 0.46 0.57 0.53 0.50 0.57 -0.74 -0.78 -0.61 -0.69 -0.62 -0.67 -0.57 -0.65 -0.74 -0.75 54.2 8.5
Self-Reliance 0.57 0.56 0.58 0.57 0.39 0.53 0.43 0.34 0.55 0.61 0.62 0.63 0.42 0.38 0.48 0.55 -0.65 -0.70 -0.55 -0.63 -0.44 -0.48 -0.63 -0.71 -0.59 -0.60 55.6 11.8
                                                         
SSIS Mean 105.7 14.0 16.8 13.5 15.9 13.9 16.1 12.1 95.2 5.1 1.6 4.5 5.5    
SSIS SD 15.4 3.3 2.6 4.8 3.1 3.2 4.0 3.0 13.1 5.2 2.3 3.7 5.5    

N = 19.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and composite and scale T scores for BASC-2.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Demographic Characteristics of Samples Used for Correlations With the Vineland-II, SSCSA, and HCSBS Tests

  Vineland-II SSCSA  
Characteristic TRF Survey Parent/Caregiver Elementary Adolescent HCSBS
N 54 43 29 10 57
           
Age          
Mean (years:months) 9:7 8:11 8:2 14:6 10:8
SD (months) 43.1 49.5 21.5 16.5 39.4
           
Sex          
Female 32 16 13 5 32
Male 22 27 16 5 25
           
Race/ethnicity          
African American 5 3 6 1 8
Hispanic 1 2 6 3 0
White 45 37 17 4 47
Othera 3 1 0 2 2
           
Mother's education          
Grade 11 or less 4 3 4 2 1
Grade 12 or GED 20 5 10 1 12
1-3 years of college 14 12 14 4 23
4 or more years of college 16 23 1 3 21
           
Region          
Northeast 1 13 0 5 27
North Central 38 15 4 0 10
South 15 9 19 0 8
West 0 6 6 5 12
           
Test interval (days)          
Range 21-82 31-81 19-76 0-32 22-89
Mean  49.8 57.9 45.6 9.1 58.9

Note. Vineland-II TRF = Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition, Teacher Rating Form; SSCSA = The Walker McConnell Scale of Social Competence and School Adjustment; HCSBS = Home & Community Social Behavior Scales.
aIncludes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Pacific Islanders, and all other groups not classified as African American, Hispanic, or White.
bIf mother's or female guardian's education level was not reported, father's or male guardian's education level was used.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 3-18

Correlations of the SSIS Teacher Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the Vineland-II TRF Domain, Subdomain, and Adaptive Behavior Composite Scores

SSIS Teacher Form  
Vineland-II TRF Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence Vineland-II TRF
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Communication 0.60 0.59 0.59 0.56 0.55 0.51 0.27 0.28 0.59 0.55 0.43 0.44 0.43 0.40 0.58 0.64 -0.67 -0.68 -0.63 -0.64 -0.54 -0.57 -0.64 -0.61 -0.47 -0.40 -0.60 -0.59 0.76b 0.75b 107.0 12.6
Receptive 0.51 0.50 0.53 0.50 0.60 0.56 0.06 0.06 0.59 0.55 0.45 0.46 0.25 0.23 0.50 0.56 -0.55 -0.56 -0.63 -0.64 -0.61 -0.64 -0.61 -0.58 -0.23 -0.19 -0.45 -0.44 0.57b 0.56b 15.6 2.1
Expressive 0.58 0.57 0.53 0.50 0.42 0.38 0.39 0.40 0.47 0.43 0.46 0.47 0.49 0.45 0.48 0.54 -0.59 -0.60 -0.50 -0.51 -0.48 -0.51 -0.47 -0.45 -0.48 -0.41 -0.56 -0.55 0.54b 0.53b 16.0 1.9
Written 0.50 0.49 0.52 0.49 0.49 0.45 0.18 0.18 0.54 0.50 0.30 0.31 0.30 0.27 0.53 0.59 -0.63 -0.64 -0.60 -0.61 -0.42 -0.45 -0.62 -0.59 -0.41 -0.35 -0.52 -0.51 0.78b 0.77b 16.8 2.4
                                                                 
Daily Living Skills 0.69 0.68 0.62 0.59 0.62 0.58 0.43 0.44 0.67 0.63 0.51 0.52 0.44 0.41 0.62 0.68 -0.65 -0.66 -0.61 -0.62 -0.58 -0.61 -0.65 -0.63 -0.36 -0.30 -0.60 -0.59 0.64b 0.63b 105.9 14.5
Personal 0.49 0.48 0.42 0.39 0.39 0.36 0.37 0.38 0.43 0.39 0.44 0.45 0.33 0.30 0.33 0.38 -0.44 -0.45 -0.44 -0.45 -0.52 -0.55 -0.35 -0.33 -0.16 -0.13 -0.45 -0.44 0.39b 0.38b 15.2 1.7
Academic 0.56 0.55 0.55 0.52 0.50 0.46 0.33 0.34 0.60 0.56 0.37 0.38 0.32 0.29 0.54 0.60 -0.54 -0.55 -0.53 -0.54 -0.47 -0.50 -0.56 -0.53 -0.25 -0.21 -0.46 -0.45 0.52b 0.51b 16.1 2.6
School Community 0.77 0.76 0.68 0.65 0.71 0.67 0.43 0.44 0.75 0.72 0.61 0.62 0.49 0.45 0.69 0.75 -0.73 -0.74 -0.69 -0.70 -0.62 -0.65 -0.73 -0.71 -0.41 -0.35 -0.68 -0.67 0.65b 0.64b 16.0 2.5
                                                                 
Socialization 0.65 0.64 0.56 0.53 0.47 0.43 0.53 0.54 0.52 0.48 0.46 0.47 0.54 0.50 0.51 0.57 -0.58 -0.59 -0.48 -0.49 -0.46 -0.49 -0.47 -0.45 -0.44 -0.37 -0.61 -0.6 0.51b 0.50b 105.4 15.1
Interpresonal Relationships 0.54 0.53 0.46 0.43 0.31 0.28 0.61 0.62 0.36 0.33 0.37 0.38 0.63 0.59 0.28 0.33 -0.46 -0.47 -0.30 -0.31 -0.30 -0.33 -0.30 -0.28 -0.57 -0.50 -0.56 -0.55 0.43b 0.42b 16.4 2.8
Play and Leisure Time 0.55 0.54 0.43 0.40 0.38 0.35 0.51 0.52 0.41 0.38 0.41 0.42 0.48 0.44 0.37 0.43 -0.44 -0.45 -0.40 -0.41 -0.41 -0.44 -0.34 -0.32 -0.28 -0.23 -0.47 -0.46 0.33b 0.32b 15.3 2.6
Coping Skills 0.70 0.69 0.65 0.62 0.57 0.53 0.35 0.36 0.65 0.61 0.57 0.58 0.45 0.41 0.67 0.73 -0.75 -0.76 -0.68 -0.69 -0.62 -0.65 -0.63 -0.60 -0.44 -0.37 -0.67 -0.66 0.57b 0.56b 15.8 2.5
                                                                 
Motor Skills 0.40c 0.39c 0.35c 0.33c 0.22c 0.20c 0.41c 0.42c 0.43c 0.39c 0.32c 0.33c 0.20c 0.18c 0.54c 0.60c -0.32c -0.33c -0.30c -0.31c -0.36c -0.39c -0.24c -0.23c -0.28c -0.23c -0.37c -0.36c 0.66d 0.65d 104.0c 14.4c
Gross 0.19c 0.19c 0.18c 0.17c 0.08c 0.07c 0.14c 0.14c 0.27c 0.25c 0.12c 0.12c 0.05c 0.05c 0.32c 0.37c -0.27c -0.28c -0.29c -0.30c -0.34c -0.37c -0.08c -0.07c -0.30c -0.25c -0.28c -0.28c 0.79d 0.78d 15.2c 2.4c
Fine 0.42c 0.41c 0.34c 0.32c 0.27c 0.24c 0.49c 0.50c 0.42c 0.39c 0.37c 0.38c 0.20c 0.18c 0.55c 0.61c -0.22c -0.23c -0.20c -0.21c -0.25c -0.27c -0.27c -0.25c -0.13c -0.11c -0.27c -0.27c 0.38d 0.37d 15.6c 2.5c
                                                                 
Adaptive Behavior Composite 0.68 0.67 0.61 0.58 0.56 0.52 0.45 0.46 0.62 0.58 0.49 0.50 0.49 0.45 0.62 0.68 -0.66 -0.67 -0.59 -0.60 -0.55 -0.58 -0.61 -0.58 -0.45 -0.38 -0.64 -0.63 0.68b 0.67b 107.4 15.2
                                                                 
SSIS Mean 101.3 16.2 13.3 12.5 14.0 13.0 14.0 14.6 98.0 4.1 1.0 3.9 3.5 8.0 100.5b    
SSIS SD 15.4 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 3.6 4.2 3.8 14.4 6.0 2.1 4.7 4.0 6.2 15.4b    

N = 54.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and composite and domain standard scores, subdomain v-scale scores, and composite standard scores for Vineland-II TRF.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.bAges 5–18; = 44. cAges 0–6; = 17. dAges 5–6; = 7. 

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 3-18

Correlations of the SSIS Parent Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the Vineland-II Survey Parent/Caregiver Rating Form Domain, Subdomain, Adaptive Behavior Composite, and Maladaptive Behavior Subscale and Index Scores

SSIS Parent Form                            
Vineland-II Survey Parent/Caregiver Rating Form Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Vineland-II
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Communication 0.23 0.25 0.21 0.22 0.22 0.24 0.01 0.01 0.28 0.30 0.17 0.18 0.06 0.07 0.30 0.30 -0.47 -0.57 -0.43 -0.50 -0.24 -0.25 -0.54 -0.60 -0.27 -0.32 -0.32 -0.4 107.6 14.8
Receptive 0.21 0.23 0.06 0.06 0.13 0.14 0.04 0.05 0.21 0.22 0.17 0.18 0.17 0.18 0.10 0.10 -0.34 -0.43 -0.14 -0.17 -0.07 -0.07 -0.30 -0.35 -0.30 -0.35 -0.25 -0.32 15.8 2.5
Expressive 0.35 0.38 0.31 0.32 0.26 0.29 0.11 0.12 0.37 0.39 0.17 0.18 0.22 0.24 0.28 0.28 -0.47 -0.57 -0.43 -0.50 -0.31 -0.33 -0.53 -0.59 -0.24 -0.29 -0.38 -0.47 16.3 3
Written -0.02 -0.02 0.03 0.03 0.09 0.10 -0.15 -0.17 -0.03 -0.03 0.01 0.01 -0.25 -0.27 0.18 0.18 -0.36 -0.45 -0.38 -0.44 -0.19 -0.20 -0.37 -0.43 -0.14 -0.17 -0.14 -0.18 16.1 3
                                                             
Daily Living Skills 0.37 0.40 0.27 0.28 0.33 0.36 0.16 0.18 0.33 0.35 0.32 0.33 0.19 0.21 0.50 0.50 -0.38 -0.47 -0.46 -0.53 -0.35 -0.37 -0.47 -0.53 -0.12 -0.14 -0.35 -0.44 110.1 15.2
Personal 0.32 0.35 0.12 0.12 0.22 0.24 0.21 0.24 0.19 0.20 0.32 0.33 0.26 0.28 0.40 0.40 -0.29 -0.37 -0.33 -0.39 -0.23 -0.24 -0.31 -0.36 -0.11 -0.13 -0.27 -0.34 16.8 3.2
Domestic 0.43 0.47 0.31 0.32 0.33 0.36 0.20 0.23 0.34 0.36 0.36 0.37 0.25 0.27 0.40 0.40 -0.45 -0.55 -0.39 -0.45 -0.37 -0.39 -0.40 -0.46 -0.26 -0.31 -0.40 -0.5 15.9 2.7
Community 0.24 0.26 0.28 0.29 0.31 0.34 0.04 0.05 0.30 0.32 0.13 0.13 -0.01 -0.01 0.42 0.42 -0.29 -0.37 -0.46 -0.53 -0.31 -0.33 -0.49 -0.55 0.06 0.07 -0.24 -0.31 17.0 2.3
                                                             
Socialization 0.44 0.48 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.39 0.19 0.21 0.42 0.44 0.34 0.35 0.20 0.22 0.46 0.46 -0.30 -0.38 -0.38 -0.44 -0.26 -0.27 -0.36 -0.41 -0.07 -0.08 -0.32 -0.4 111.1 15.6
Interpresonal Relationships 0.39 0.43 0.29 0.30 0.26 0.29 0.13 0.15 0.41 0.43 0.28 0.29 0.26 0.28 0.41 0.41 -0.21 -0.27 -0.30 -0.35 -0.23 -0.24 -0.31 -0.36 -0.02 -0.02 -0.29 -0.37 16.2 2.8
Play and Leisure Time 0.28 0.31 0.24 0.25 0.33 0.36 0.12 0.14 0.25 0.27 0.19 0.20 0.02 0.02 0.30 0.30 -0.28 -0.36 -0.25 -0.30 -0.10 -0.11 -0.34 -0.39 -0.13 -0.16 -0.25 -0.32 15.8 2.6
Coping Skills 0.45 0.49 0.36 0.37 0.35 0.38 0.24 0.27 0.38 0.40 0.39 0.40 0.27 0.29 0.38 0.38 -0.33 -0.41 -0.39 -0.45 -0.31 -0.33 -0.31 -0.36 -0.09 -0.11 -0.33 -0.42 18.1 3.5
                                                             
Motor Skills -0.03b -0.03b -0.14b -0.14b 0.00b 0.00b 0.01b 0.01b 0.00b 0.00b 0.14b 0.14b 0.03b 0.03b 0.15b 0.15b 0.09b 0.12b -0.08b -0.10b 0.31b 0.33b -0.14b -0.16b -0.27b -0.32b 0.07b 0.09b 111.2b 13.0b
Gross -0.18b -0.20b -0.29b -0.30b -0.15b -0.17b -0.06b -0.07b -0.06b -0.06b 0.07b 0.07b -0.02b -0.02b -0.13b -0.13b -0.11b -0.14b -0.15b -0.18b 0.12b 0.13b -0.27b -0.31b -0.01b -0.01b 0.22b 0.28b 16.9b 2.0b
Fine 0.09b 0.10b 0.02b -0.02b 0.12b 0.13b 0.05b 0.06b 0.06b 0.06b 0.14b 0.14b 0.05b 0.05b 0.32b 0.32b 0.20b 0.26b -0.01b -0.01b 0.34b 0.36b -0.01b -0.01b 0.39b 0.45b -0.07b -0.09b 16.3b 2.8b
                                                             
Adaptive Behavior Composite 0.37 0.40 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.33 0.13 0.15 0.36 0.38 0.34 0.35 0.16 0.17 0.47 0.47 -0.42 -0.52 -0.48 -0.55 -0.32 -0.34 -0.50 -0.56 -0.15 -0.18 -0.34 -0.43 111.1 14.6
Internalizing -0.05 -0.06 0.02 0.02 -0.04 -0.04 0.17 0.19 -0.06 -0.06 -0.27 -0.28 0.01 0.01 -0.19 -0.19 0.24 0.31 0.22 0.26 0.18 0.19 0.16 0.19 0.21 0.25 0.16 0.21 16 3.3
Externalizing -0.16 -0.18 -0.12 -0.12 -0.22 -0.24 0.30 0.34 -0.28 -0.03 -0.25 -0.26 -0.04 -0.04 -0.42 -0.42 0.38 0.47 0.56 0.63 0.45 0.47 0.41 0.47 0.05 0.06 0.23 0.3 15.7 3.2
Maladaptive Behavior Index -0.05 -0.06 -0.06 -0.06 -0.12 -0.13 0.26 0.29 -0.14 -0.15 -0.18 -0.19 0.09 0.10 -0.32 -0.32 0.37 0.46 0.47 0.54 0.35 0.37 0.41 0.47 0.15 0.18 0.20 0.26 16.1 3.3
                                                             
SSIS Mean 97.0 15.6 12.6 14.5 12.4 12.2 14.6 11.4 100.3 7.6 1.1 5.5 4.5 8.6    
SSIS SD 13.5 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.8 11.5 4.5 1.7 3.3 3.4 4.2    

N = 43.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and composite and domain standard scores, subdomain v-scale scores, and composite standard scores, and Maladaptive Behavior Subscale and Index.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.bAges 3-6; = 16. 

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 5-12

Correlations of the SSIS Teacher Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the SSCSA Elementary Version Subscale and Total Scale Scores, Ages 5-12

  SSIS Teacher Form  
SSCSA Elementary Version Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence SSCSA
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Teacher-Preferred Social Behavior 0.53 0.67 0.51 0.66 0.55 0.57 0.07 0.07 0.48 0.59 0.11 0.16 0.28 0.32 0.64 0.75 -0.74 -0.82 -0.68 -0.69 -0.49 -0.47 -0.63 -0.68 -0.38 -0.49 -0.64 -0.8 0.19 0.16 10.6 2.4
Peer-Preferred Social Behavior 0.51 0.65 0.21 0.3 0.22 0.23 0.54 0.56 0.39 0.49 0.21 0.3 0.64 0.7 0.2 0.27 -0.23 -0.29 -0.03 -0.03 0.11 0.11 -0.11 -0.13 -0.62 -0.73 -0.58 -0.75 0.39 0.34 10.8 2.7
School Adjustment Behavior 0.44 0.57 0.38 0.52 0.54 0.56 0.16 0.17 0.5 0.61 0.06 0.09 0.26 0.3 0.29 0.38 -0.47 -0.57 -0.37 -0.38 -0.21 -0.2 -0.41 -0.46 -0.33 -0.43 -0.48 -0.65 0.64 0.58 10.2 2.3
                                                                 
Total Scale 0.58 0.71 0.42 0.57 0.5 0.52 0.32 0.33 0.53 0.64 0.16 0.23 0.47 0.53 0.45 0.57 -0.56 -0.66 -0.42 -0.43 -0.24 -0.23 -0.45 -0.5 -0.52 -0.64 -0.66 -0.81 0.44 0.39 103.2 12.1
SSIS Mean 98.1 15.2 12.1 12.8 12 11.8 14 13.9 100.4 6.8 1.9 5.3 2.8 9 99.1    
SSIS SD 10.5 2.5 3.5 3.9 2.8 2.6 3.1 3.2 11.5 6.2 2.5 3.9 2.5 4 17.2    

N = 29.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and subscale scale scores and total scale standard scores for SSCSA.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 13-18

Correlations of the SSIS Teacher Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the SSCSA Adolescent and Total Scale Scores, Ages 13-18

  SSIS Teacher Form  
SSCSA Adolescent Version Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum Academic Competence SSCSA
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Self-Control 0.7 0.56 0.53 0.44 0.58 0.48 0.43 0.36 0.64 0.51 0.56 0.46 0.64 0.51 0.91 0.84 -0.57 -0.52 -0.46 -0.44 -0.7 -0.7 -0.42 -0.4 -0.65 -0.56 -0.63 -0.56 0.69 0.72 10.4 4.3
Peer Relations 0.87 0.77 0.74 0.65 0.65 0.55 0.63 0.55 0.78 0.66 0.82 0.74 0.85 0.76 0.89 0.81 -0.68 -0.64 -0.57 -0.55 -0.52 -0.52 -0.57 -0.55 -0.82 -0.75 -0.81 -0.76 0.69 0.72 10 4
School Adjustment 0.91 0.83 0.79 0.71 0.78 0.69 0.65 0.57 0.85 0.75 0.82 0.74 0.84 0.74 0.92 0.85 -0.73 -0.69 -0.65 -0.63 -0.51 -0.51 -0.61 -0.59 -0.82 -0.75 -0.86 -0.82 0.68 0.71 10.5 3.8
Empathy 0.78 0.65 0.64 0.54 0.68 0.58 0.49 0.41 0.79 0.67 0.74 0.65 0.72 0.6 0.82 0.71 -0.68 -0.64 -0.61 -0.59 -0.54 -0.54 -0.58 -0.56 -0.73 -0.64 -0.75 -0.69 0.63 0.66 10.9 3.6
                                                                 
Total Scale 0.86 0.76 0.74 0.65 0.71 0.61 0.58 0.5 0.81 0.7 0.76 0.67 0.8 0.69 0.93 0.87 -0.7 -0.66 -0.61 -0.59 -0.59 -0.59 -0.56 -0.54 -0.8 -0.72 -0.8 -0.74 0.67 0.7 104.2 22.1
SSIS Mean 99.5 16.8 12.3 14.2 13.9 12.2 14.8 13.6 104.3 4.4 1.1 4.1 3.9 8 94    
SSIS SD 21.8 4.5 4.3 5.6 4.8 4.9 5.7 6.9 16.8 5.4 1.9 3.8 4.6 6.7 13.9    

N = 10.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and subscale scale scores and total scale standard scores for SSCSA.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 3-18

Correlations of the SSIS Parent Form Scale and Subscale Scores With the HCSBS Scale and Subscale Scores

  SSIS Parent Form                            
HCSBS Social Skills Communication Cooperation Assertion Responsibility Empathy Engagement Self-Control Problem Behaviors Externalizing Bullying Hyperactivity/Inattention Internalizing Autism Spectrum HCSBS
  r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra r Adj ra Mean SD
Social Competence 0.77 0.74 0.64 0.64 0.73 0.73 0.59 0.61 0.73 0.74 0.68 0.67 0.59 0.59 0.66 0.66 -0.65 -0.72 -0.6 -0.65 -0.48 -0.55 -0.5 -0.54 -0.52 -0.57 -0.7 -0.74 55.1 9.4
Peer Relations 0.75 0.72 0.61 0.61 0.68 0.68 0.59 0.61 0.69 0.7 0.66 0.65 0.63 0.63 0.62 0.62 -0.63 -0.7 -0.56 -0.61 -0.46 -0.53 -0.45 -0.49 -0.54 -0.59 -0.71 -0.75 54.5 9.3
Self-Management/Compliance 0.75 0.72 0.64 0.64 0.77 0.77 0.56 0.58 0.75 0.76 0.67 0.66 0.51 0.51 0.66 0.66 -0.63 -0.7 -0.63 -0.68 -0.46 -0.53 -0.54 -0.58 -0.45 -0.5 -0.65 -0.69 55.2 9
                                                             
Antisocial Behavior -0.59 -0.56 -0.53 -0.53 -0.63 -0.63 -0.39 -0.41 -0.61 -0.62 -0.52 -0.51 -0.34 -0.34 -0.52 -0.52 0.72 0.79 0.7 0.75 0.65 0.72 0.59 0.63 0.51 0.56 0.58 0.62 45.9 8.9
Defiant/Disruptive -0.63 -0.6 -0.58 -0.58 -0.68 -0.68 -0.4 -0.42 -0.65 -0.66 -0.57 -0.56 -0.36 -0.36 -0.56 -0.56 0.77 0.83 0.73 0.78 0.64 0.71 0.64 0.68 0.58 0.63 0.63 0.67 45.6 8.5
Antiosocial/Aggressive -0.55 -0.52 -0.48 -0.48 -0.58 -0.58 -0.37 -0.39 -0.57 -0.58 -0.48 -0.47 -0.31 -0.31 -0.48 -0.48 0.65 0.72 0.64 0.69 0.65 0.72 0.52 0.56 0.43 0.48 0.51 0.55 46.4 8.4
                                                             
SSIS Mean 102.9 17.1 13.9 15.4 13.8 13.5 15.4 13.8 97.2 5.4 0.8 3.8 4.2 6.6    
SSIS SD 16.2 3 3 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.8 12.1 4.7 1.5 3.5 3.6 4.9    

N = 57.
Note. Correlations are based on scale standard scores and subscale raw scores for SSIS and subscale scale scores and total scale standard scores for SSCSA.
aAll correlations were corrected for restriction of range using the variability correction of Cohen et al. (2003, p.58), where the numerator is the standard deviation of the SSIS norm group and the denominator is the standard deviation of the SSIS sample.

Disaggregated Reliability and Validity Data: Partially Convincing Evidence

Disaggregated Reliability

Subscale: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form

Age Range: 3-5, 5-12, 13-18

Internal Consistency Reliability: Coefficient Alpha for the Teacher Form Scales and Subscales, by Age and Norm Group

Teacher Form Ages 3-5   Ages 5-12   Ages 13-18
  Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined
Social Skills 0.96 0.97 0.97   0.96 0.97 0.97   0.97 0.97 0.97
Communication 0.84 0.85 0.85   0.85 0.85 0.86   0.86 0.85 0.86
Cooperation 0.89 0.9 0.9   0.9 0.92 0.91   0.89 0.9 0.9
Assertion 0.83 0.89 0.87   0.82 0.84 0.83   0.88 0.87 0.87
Responsibility 0.9 0.9 0.9   0.91 0.9 0.91   0.88 0.9 0.9
Empathy 0.86 0.88 0.88   0.89 0.93 0.92   0.93 0.88 0.91
Engagement 0.84 0.91 0.89   0.81 0.85 0.84   0.9 0.87 0.89
Self-Control 0.86 0.92 0.9   0.89 0.91 0.9   0.94 0.91 0.93
                       
Problem Behaviors 0.94 0.94 0.94   0.94 0.95 0.95   0.95 0.96 0.96
Externalizing 0.93 0.93 0.93   0.94 0.93 0.93   0.95 0.93 0.94
Bullying 0.74 0.76 0.75   0.74 0.79 0.78   0.73 0.75 0.75
Hyperactivity/Inattention 0.88 0.91 0.9   0.9 0.9 0.9   0.88 0.89 0.89
Internalizing 0.78 0.83 0.81   0.82 0.83 0.83   0.9 0.9 0.9
Autism Spectrum 0.84 0.89 0.88   0.87 0.89 0.88   0.87 0.87 0.87
                       
Academic Competence - - -   0.97 0.97 0.97   0.97 0.94 0.96
Median scale reliability 0.95 0.96 0.96   0.96 0.97 0.97   0.97 0.96 0.96
Median subscale reliability 0.85 0.9 0.89   0.88 0.9 0.89   0.89 0.89 0.9
 

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Parent Form

Age Range: 3-5, 5-12, 13-18

Internal Consistency Reliability: Coefficient Alpha for the Parent Form Scales and Subscales, by Age and Norm Group

Parent Form Ages 3-5   Ages 5-12   Ages 13-18
  Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined
Social Skills 0.95 0.97 0.96   0.95 0.95 0.95   0.95 0.96 0.96
Communication 0.72 0.78 0.76   0.74 0.74 0.74   0.76 0.83 0.8
Cooperation 0.83 0.87 0.86   0.82 0.84 0.83   0.84 0.85 0.85
Assertion 0.78 0.83 0.81   0.73 0.76 0.75   0.75 0.8 0.77
Responsibility 0.84 0.87 0.86   0.83 0.84 0.84   0.84 0.87 0.86
Empathy 0.84 0.89 0.88   0.85 0.86 0.86   0.87 0.88 0.87
Engagement 0.87 0.86 0.86   0.83 0.84 0.83   0.86 0.87 0.86
Self-Control 0.81 0.84 0.83   0.84 0.84 0.84   0.86 0.85 0.85
                       
Problem Behaviors 0.93 0.94 0.94   0.93 0.94 0.94   0.93 0.96 0.95
Externalizing 0.89 0.9 0.9   0.88 0.9 0.89   0.88 0.92 0.9
Bullying 0.82 0.82 0.82   0.75 0.77 0.76   0.73 0.85 0.81
Hyperactivity/Inattention 0.86 0.84 0.85   0.84 0.85 0.85   0.82 0.86 0.84
Internalizing 0.75 0.83 0.8   0.83 0.82 0.82   0.84 0.9 0.87
Autism Spectrum 0.8 0.87 0.85   0.82 0.83 0.83   0.81 0.88 0.85
                       
Median scale reliability 0.94 0.96 0.95   0.94 0.95 0.95   0.94 0.96 0.96
Median subscale reliability 0.83 0.85 0.85   0.83 0.84 0.83   0.84 0.87 0.85
 

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Student Form

Age Range: 3-7, 8-12, 13-18

Internal Consistency Reliability: Coefficient Alpha for the Student Form Scales and Subscales, by Age and Norm Group

Student Form Ages 3-7   Ages 8-12   Ages 13-18
  Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined   Female Male Combined
Social Skills -- -- --   0.94 0.95 0.94   0.95 0.95 0.95
Communication -- -- --   0.75 0.76 0.76   0.78 0.83 0.81
Cooperation -- -- --   0.76 0.8 0.79   0.84 0.82 0.83
Assertion -- -- --   0.72 0.77 0.75   0.75 0.75 0.75
Responsibility -- -- --   0.73 0.7 0.72   0.81 0.79 0.8
Empathy -- -- --   0.79 0.79 0.8   0.8 0.84 0.83
Engagement -- -- --   0.73 0.75 0.74   0.8 0.76 0.78
Self-Control -- -- --   0.78 0.81 0.79   0.84 0.82 0.83
  -- -- --                
Problem Behaviors -- -- --   0.9 0.92 0.91   0.94 0.95 0.95
Externalizing -- -- --   0.84 0.86 0.86   0.89 0.91 0.9
Bullying -- -- --   0.78 0.78 0.79   0.82 0.82 0.82
Hyperactivity/Inattention -- -- --   0.81 0.77 0.79   0.84 0.88 0.86
Internalizing -- -- --   0.81 0.83 0.82   0.87 0.88 0.88
  -- -- --                
Median scale reliability -- -- --   0.92 0.94 0.93   0.95 0.95 0.95
Median subscale reliability -- -- --   0.78 0.78 0.79   0.82 0.82 0.82
 

 

Disaggregated Validity

Special-Population Samples for the Teacher Form by Age, Sex, Race/Ethnicity, and Mother’s Education Level

      Sex 
      Female Male
Study group Age N N % N %
Autism spectrum disorder 3-14 41 9 22 32 78
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder 4-17 30 11 36.7 19 63.3
Developmental delay 3-7 16 5 31.3 11 68.8
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 4-17 9 1 11.1 8 88.9
Gifted/talented 7-18 38 19 50 19 50
Intellectual disability 6-18 14 4 28.6 10 71.4
Specific learning disability 5-17 23 14 60.9 9 39.1
Speech/language impairment 3-17 49 17 34.7 32 65.3
 
      Race/Ethnicity
      African American Hispanic White Otherb
Study group Age N N % N % N % N %
Autism spectrum disorder 3-14 41 5 12.2 3 7.3 32 78 1 2.4
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder 4-17 30 5 16.7 4 13.3 17 56.7 4 13.3
Developmental delay 3-7 16 5 31.3 4 25 6 37.5 1 6.3
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 4-17 9 2 22.2 3 33.3 4 44.4 0 0
Gifted/talented 7-18 38 2 5.3 5 13.2 17 44.7 14 36.8
Intellectual disability 6-18 14 3 21.4 5 35.7 5 35.7 1 7.1
Specific learning disability 5-17 23 7 30.4 6 26.1 8 34.8 2 8.7
Speech/language impairment 3-17 49 12 24.5 12 24.5 22 44.9 3 6.1
 
      Mother'sa education level
      Grade 11 or less Grade 12 or GED 1-3 years of college 4 or more years of college
Study group Age N N % N % N % N %
Autism spectrum disorder 3-14 41 4 9.8 6 14.6 16 39 15 36.6
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder 4-17 30 8 26.7 8 26.7 7 23.3 7 23.3
Developmental delay 3-7 16 4 25 2 12.5 5 31.3 5 31.3
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 4-17 9 2 22.2 2 22.2 4 44.4 1 11.1
Gifted/talented 7-18 38 2 5.3 9 23.7 12 31.6 15 39.5
Intellectual disability 6-18 14 7 50 3 21.4 4 28.6 0 0
Specific learning disability 5-17 23 9 39.1 5 21.7 8 34.8 1 4.3
Speech/language impairment 3-17 49 12 24.5 13 26.5 14 28.6 10 20.4
aIf mother’s or female guardian’s education level was not reported, father’s or male guardian’s education level was used.
bIncludes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Pacific Islanders, and all other groups not classified as African American, Hispanic, or White.
cReported as “Mental Retardation” by U.S. Department of Education.
 

Special-Population Samples for the Parent Form by Age, Sex, Race/Ethnicity, and Mother’s Education Level

      Sex 
      Female Male
Study group Age N N % N %
Autism spectrum disorder 3-18 50 11 22 39 78
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder 3-18 74 26 35.1 48 64.9
Developmental delay 3-7 17 4 23.5 13 76.5
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 4-17 16 1 6.3 15 93.8
Gifted/talented 6-18 76 44 57.9 32 42.1
Intellectual disabilityc 4-18 17 7 41.2 10 58.8
Specific learning disability 5-18 43 18 41.9 25 58.1
Speech/language impairment 3-18 59 21 35.6 38 64.4

 

      Rcae/Ethnicity
      African American Hispanic White Otherb
Study group Age N N % N % N % N %
Autism spectrum disorder 3-18 50 7 14 3 6 39 78 1 2
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder 3-18 74 7 9.5 5 6.8 58 78.4 4 5.4
Developmental delay 3-7 17 5 29.4 3 17.6 8 47.1 1 5.9
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 4-17 16 2 12.5 3 18.8 11 68.8 0 0
Gifted/talented 6-18 76 4 5.3 6 7.9 45 59.2 21 27.6
Intellectual disabilityc 4-18 17 3 17.6 6 35.3 7 41.2 1 5.9
Specific learning disability 5-18 43 10 23.3 5 11.6 26 60.5 2 4.7
Speech/language impairment 3-18 59 12 20.3 8 13.6 36 61 3 5.1

 

      Mother'sa education level
        Grade 12 or GED 1-3 years of college 4 or more years of college
Study group Age N N % N % N % N %
Autism spectrum disorder 3-18 50 5 10 7 14 21 42 17 34
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder 3-18 74 9 12.2 20 27 29 39.2 16 21.6
Developmental delay 3-7 17 3 17.6 3 17.6 6 35.3 5 29.4
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 4-17 16 3 18.8 4 25 6 37.5 3 18.8
Gifted/talented 6-18 76 4 5.3 14 18.4 26 34.2 32 42.1
Intellectual disabilityc 4-18 17 8 47.1 5 29.4 4 23.5 0 0
Specific learning disability 5-18 43 7 16.3 13 30.2 16 37.2 7 16.3
Speech/language impairment 3-18 59 9 15.3 18 30.5 20 33.9 12 20.3

aIf mother’s or female guardian’s education level was not reported, father’s or male guardian’s education level was used.
bIncludes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Pacific Islanders, and all other groups not classified as African American, Hispanic, or White.
cReported as “Mental Retardation” by U.S. Department of Education.

 

Special-Population Samples for the Student Form by Age, Sex, Race/Ethnicity, and Mother’s Education Level

      Sex 
      Female Male
Study group Age N N % N %
Autism spectrum disorder 8-14 9 0 0 9 100
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder 8-18 62 20 32.3 42 67.7
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 9-17 11 0 0 11 100
Gifted/talented 8-18 68 41 60.3 27 39.7
Intellectual disabilityc 10-18 11 4 36.4 7 63.6
Specific learning disability 8-18 40 15 37.5 25 62.5
Speech/language impairment 8-17 23 9 39.1 14 60.9

 

      Rcae/Ethnicity
      African American Hispanic White Otherb
Study group Age N N % N % N % N %
Autism spectrum disorder 8-14 9 2 22.2 1 11.1 6 66.7 0 0
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder 8-18 62 2 3.2 2 3.2 55 88.7 3 4.8
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 9-17 11 1 9.1 3 27.3 7 63.6 0 0
Gifted/talented 8-18 68 3 4.4 7 10.3 41 60.3 17 25
Intellectual disabilityc 10-18 11 2 18.2 2 18.2 6 54.5 1 9.1
Specific learning disability 8-18 40 8 20 6 15 25 62.5 1 2.5
Speech/language impairment 8-17 23 4 17.4 3 13 15 65.2 1 4.3

 

      Mother'sa education level
      Grade 11 or less Grade 12 or GED 1-3 years of college 4 or more years of college
Study group Age N N % N % N % N %
Autism spectrum disorder 8-14 9 3 33.3 2 22.2 1 11.1 3 33.3
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder 8-18 62 6 9.7 17 27.4 26 41.9 13 21
Emotional/behavioral disturbance 9-17 11 1 9.1 4 36.4 3 27.3 3 27.3
Gifted/talented 8-18 68 4 5.9 11 16.2 25 36.8 28 41.2
Intellectual disabilityc 10-18 11 6 54.5 4 36.4 1 9.1 0 0
Specific learning disability 8-18 40 7 17.5 11 27.5 15 37.5 7 17.5
Speech/language impairment 8-17 23 3 13 7 30.4 11 47.8 2 8.7

aIf mother’s or female guardian’s education level was not reported, father’s or male guardian’s education level was used.
bIncludes American Indians, Alaska Natives, Asians, Pacific Islanders, and all other groups not classified as African American, Hispanic, or White.
cReported as “Mental Retardation” by U.S. Department of Education.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form, Student Form

Age Range: 3-18

Autism Spectrum Disorder Sample: Mean and Standard Deviation of Scale Standard Scores and Subscale Raw Scores With Comparison to Nonclinical Reference Group, by Form

Form, scale, and subscale N Mean SD Difference from nonclinical reference groupa
Teacher        
Social Skills 41 74.6 15.9 -25.2***
Communication 41 9.6 4.5 -6.2***
Cooperation 41 9.6 3.1 -3.3***
Assertion 41 7.4 4.3 -5.4***
Responsibility 41 8.2 4.1 -5.0***
Empathy 41 7 4.7 -5.2***
Engagement 41 8.1 3.8 -6.6***
Self-Control 41 8.1 4.2 -6.0***
         
Problem Behaviors 41 122.2 10 21.4***
Externalizing 41 11.4 4.7 5.9***
Bullying 41 2.5 2.2 1.1***
Hyperactivity/Inattention 41 11.3 3.4 6.6***
Internalizing 41 5.8 2.7 2.4***
Autism Spectrum 41 23.9 7.8 15.1***
Academic Competenceb 30 85.9 14.5 -14.6***
         
Parent        
Social Skills 50 75.8 16.2 -23.1***
Communication 50 11.6 3.4 -4.3***
Cooperation 50 10.3 3.1 -2.6***
Assertion 50 10.2 4.2 -4.6***
Responsibility 50 8.7 4.3 -4.1***
Empathy 50 8.5 3.8 -4.5***
Engagement 50 9.4 4.5 -5.7***
Self-Control 50 7.4 3.6 -4.6***
         
Problem Behaviors 50 119.3 15.5 18.9***
Externalizing 50 11.1 5.5 4.1***
Bullying 50 1.9 1.9 0.7***
Hyperactivity/Inattention 50 10.5 4.4 5.4***
Internalizing 50 7.6 3.7 3.0***
Autism Spectrum 50 22.6 7.6 14.1***
         
Student        
Social Skills 9 92 22.4 -5
Communication 9 11.9 4.6 -1.3
Cooperation 9 15.7 5.5 0.9
Assertion 9 13.2 5.8 0
Responsibility 9 13.8 5 -0.8
Empathy 9 10.8 5.6 -1.6
Engagement 9 11.8 4.1 -3.2*
Self-Control 9 10.7 4.4 -0.1
         
Problem Behaviors 9 108.4 25 6.8
Externalizing 9 9.1 12.8 0.9
Bullying 9 3.8 5.2 1.1
Hyperactivity/Inattention 9 8.6 6.1 1.9
Internalizing 9 12.3 8.2 4.4*

aAdjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, and education level to match nonclinical reference group proportions.
bAdministered ages 5–18.
*p<.05. **p<.01. ***p<.001.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form, Student Form

Age Range: 3-18

ADHD Sample: Mean and Standard Deviation of Scale Standard Scores and Subscale Raw Scores With Comparison to Nonclinical Reference Group, by Form

Form, scale, and subscale N Mean SD Difference from nonclinical reference groupa
Teacher        
Social Skills 30 86.9 13.6 -12.2***
Communication 30 12.7 3.5 -2.8***
Cooperation 30 9.8 2.8 -3.0***
Assertion 30 10.8 3.6 -1.6*
Responsibility 30 10.3 3.5 -2.7***
Empathy 30 10.4 3.9 -1.7*
Engagement 30 11.6 4.2 -2.8***
Self-Control 30 11.4 4.3 -2.6**
         
Problem Behaviors 30 116.7 16.2 16.1**
Externalizing 30 9.6 6.5 4.2***
Bullying 30 2.2 2.8 0.8
Hyperactivity/Inattention 30 9.3 4.4 4.7***
Internalizing 30 5.9 4.2 2.5***
Autism Spectrum 30 15.7 8.1 6.6***
Academic Competenceb 29 80.9 14 -19.0***
         
Parent        
Social Skills 74 87.7 14.5 -11.5***
Communication 74 14.5 3.2 -1.3***
Cooperation 74 10.9 2.7 -2.1***
Assertion 74 13.3 3.6 -1.6***
Responsibility 74 11.1 3.2 -1.8***
Empathy 74 11.7 3.9 -1.5***
Engagement 74 13.2 3.9 -2.0***
Self-Control 74 9.6 3.7 -2.3***
         
Problem Behaviors 74 115.8 15.1 15.7***
Externalizing 74 10.8 5.8 3.9***
Bullying 74 1.4 1.8 0.3
Hyperactivity/Inattention 74 9.7 3.8 4.6***
Internalizing 74 8.4 5 3.8***
Autism Spectrum 74 12.7 6.7 4.2***
         
Student        
Social Skills 62 95.5 18.7 -4.5*
Communication 62 12.7 3.8 -1.1*
Cooperation 62 14.6 4.8 -1.1*
Assertion 62 13.5 4.5 -0.1
Responsibility 62 13.6 4.1 -1.5***
Empathy 62 12.7 4 -0.6
Engagement 62 14.6 4.5 -0.6
Self-Control 62 10.1 4.4 -1.1*
         
Problem Behaviors 62 105.1 15.9 4.7*
Externalizing 62 8.5 6.8 1.4
Bullying 62 2 2.9 0.0
Hyperactivity/Inattention 62 8.9 4.9 2.4***
Internalizing 62 10.2 6.8 1.7*

aAdjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, and education level to match nonclinical reference group proportions.
bAdministered ages 5–18.
*p<.05. **p<.01. ***p<.001.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form, 

Age Range: 3-18

Developmental Delay Sample: Mean and Standard Deviation of Scale Standard Scores and Subscale Raw Scores With Comparison to Nonclinical Reference Group, by Form

Form, scale, and subscale N Mean SD Difference from nonclinical reference groupa
Teacher        
Social Skills 16 69.8 20.6 -27.6***
Communication 16 7.2 5.1 -8.0***
Cooperation 16 7.6 4.3 -4.8***
Assertion 16 6.4 4.6 -5.8***
Responsibility 16 6.9 4.9 -5.7***
Empathy 16 7.4 5.2 -4.2***
Engagement 16 8 5.6 -6.2***
Self-Control 16 6.8 5.7 -6.7***
         
Problem Behaviors 16 120.4 21.3 18.3***
Externalizing 16 13.9 10.3 7.9***
Bullying 16 3.7 4.7 2.1***
Hyperactivity/Inattention 16 11.8 5.2 6.8***
Internalizing 16 5.3 3.2 1.8*
Autism Spectrum 16 21.7 10.3 12.0***
Academic Competenceb 5 68.4 6.7 -27.0***
         
Parent        
Social Skills 17 72.9 15.3 -26.0***
Communication 17 10.4 3 -5.4***
Cooperation 17 9.5 2.6 -3.5***
Assertion 17 9.4 4.4 -5.5***
Responsibility 17 6.4 3.6 -6.3***
Empathy 17 8.4 4.5 -4.6***
Engagement 17 8.9 4.8 -6.2***
Self-Control 17 5.4 2.9 -6.5***
         
Problem Behaviors 17 115.5 16.1 14.9***
Externalizing 17 12.9 6.2 5.9***
Bullying 17 2.3 2.2 1.0*
Hyperactivity/Inattention 17 11.2 4 6.0***
Internalizing 17 5.9 4.6 1.3
Autism Spectrum 17 21.5 7.6 12.6***

aAdjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, and education level to match nonclinical reference group proportions.
bAdministered ages 5–18.
*p<.05. **p<.01. ***p<.001.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form, Student Form

Age Range: 3-18

Emotional/Behavioral Disturbance Sample: Mean and Standard Deviation of Scale Standard Scores and Subscale Raw Scores With Comparison to Nonclinical Reference Group, by Form

Form, scale, and subscale N Mean SD Difference from nonclinical reference groupa
Teacher        
Social Skills 9 77 9.6 -19.1***
Communication 9 10.2 3.4 -4.6***
Cooperation 9 8.9 2.6 -3.2**
Assertion 9 11.7 3.1 -0.4
Responsibility 9 6.9 2.6 -5.4***
Empathy 9 9.1 4.5 -2.2
Engagement 9 9.4 3.2 -4.5***
Self-Control 9 6.2 3 -7.0***
         
Problem Behaviors 9 127.2 14.3 24.2***
Externalizing 9 15.6 5.5 9.2***
Bullying 9 3.9 3.3 2.2**
Hyperactivity/Inattention 9 11.1 4 5.7***
Internalizing 9 7.3 3.6 3.7**
Autism Spectrum 9 18.7 2.4 8.5***
Academic Competenceb 7 94.1 18.5 -3.1
         
Parent        
Social Skills 16 78.8 11.9 -19.6***
Communication 16 12.7 3.2 -2.9***
Cooperation 16 9 2.5 -3.9***
Assertion 16 13.3 3.9 -1.5
Responsibility 16 8.2 2.6 -4.5***
Empathy 16 9.4 3.1 -3.5***
Engagement 16 11.7 4.4 -3.4***
Self-Control 16 6.9 2.4 -5.0***
         
Problem Behaviors 16 122.9 13.5 21.5***
Externalizing 16 15.2 6.4 8.0***
Bullying 16 2.9 2.3 1.6***
Hyperactivity/Inattention 16 10.7 4 5.3***
Internalizing 16 8.4 4.6 3.7***
Autism Spectrum 16 17.3 5.3 8.2***
         
Student        
Social Skills 11 88.1 21.1 -11.0*
Communication 11 11.8 4.4 -1.7
Cooperation 11 11.6 4.5 -3.8***
Assertion 11 11.8 5.3 -1.8
Responsibility 11 13.1 3.8 -1.8
Empathy 11 12.1 4.1 -0.6
Engagement 11 12.4 5 -3.0**
Self-Control 11 8.6 3 -2.4*
         
Problem Behaviors 11 106 16.6 5.6
Externalizing 11 10.2 6.1 2.6
Bullying 11 3.1 3.3 0.8
Hyperactivity/Inattention 11 7.8 4.6 1.3
Internalizing 11 9.1 6.8 1.5

aAdjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, and education level to match nonclinical reference group proportions.
bAdministered ages 5–18.
*p<.05. **p<.01. ***p<.001.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form, Student Form

Age Range: 3-18

Gifted/Talented Sample: Mean and Standard Deviation of Scale Standard Scores and Subscale Raw Scores With Comparison to Nonclinical Reference Group, by Form

Form, scale, and subscale N Mean SD Difference from nonclinical reference groupa
Teacher        
Social Skills 38 101 13.7 0
Communication 38 16.6 3.2 0.5
Cooperation 38 14.8 2.5 1.6**
Assertion 38 10.6 5 -2.0**
Responsibility 38 15.2 2.8 1.7**
Empathy 38 11.1 4.3 -1.3*
Engagement 38 14.5 3.3 -0.4
Self-Control 38 15 4.8 0.4
         
Problem Behaviors 38 92.7 10.7 -5.7*
Externalizing 38 1.6 2.9 -2.8**
Bullying 38 0.4 0.9 -0.7*
Hyperactivity/Inattention 38 1.4 2.6 -2.6***
Internalizing 38 2.5 3.1 -0.6
Autism Spectrum 38 7.1 4.1 -1.2
Academic Competenceb 38 109 12.4 7.4**
         
Parent        
Social Skills 76 105.8 11.9 5.7**
Communication 76 17.4 2.3 1.3***
Cooperation 76 14.6 2.5 1.5***
Assertion 76 15.4 2.9 0.5
Responsibility 76 15.1 2.4 2.0***
Empathy 76 14.3 2.5 0.9*
Engagement 76 15.8 3.2 0.8
Self-Control 76 14.1 3.3 1.9***
         
Problem Behaviors 76 96.7 13.5 -2.1
Externalizing 76 4.8 4.7 -1.6*
Bullying 76 0.7 1.5 -0.3
Hyperactivity/Inattention 76 3.3 3.3 -1.4**
Internalizing 76 4.3 4.1 -0.1
Autism Spectrum 76 6 4.5 -2.1***
         
Student        
Social Skills 68 105.6 13.5 4.6*
Communication 68 14.3 2.7 0.4
Cooperation 68 17.1 2.9 1.2*
Assertion 68 14.3 3.9 0.5
Responsibility 68 16.7 2.8 1.3**
Empathy 68 14.5 3 0.8
Engagement 68 16.2 3.2 0.9*
Self-Control 68 12.2 3.5 1.0*
         
Problem Behaviors 68 94 13.1 -5.8**
Externalizing 68 5.3 5.6 -1.3
Bullying 68 1.4 2 -0.4
Hyperactivity/Inattention 68 4.7 4.4 -1.7**
Internalizing 68 5.7 4.6 -2.9***

aAdjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, and education level to match nonclinical reference group proportions.
bAdministered ages 5–18.
*p<.05. **p<.01. ***p<.001.

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form, Student Form

Age Range: 3-18

Intellectual Disabilitya Sample: Mean and Standard Deviation of Scale Standard Scores and Subscale Raw Scores With Comparison to Nonclinical Reference Group, by Form

Form, scale, and subscale N Mean SD Difference from nonclinical reference groupa
Teacher        
Social Skills 14 83.2 16.6 -12.1**
Communication 14 11.5 5 -3.2**
Cooperation 14 10.4 3.2 -1.6
Assertion 14 10.4 5.3 -1.4
Responsibility 14 9.8 3.4 -2.4*
Empathy 14 9.1 4.3 -2.3*
Engagement 14 11.5 4.9 -2.1*
Self-Control 14 9.5 4.9 -3.6**
         
Problem Behaviors 14 112.1 14.4 8.5*
Externalizing 14 8.7 6.3 2.3
Bullying 14 1.9 2.1 0.1
Hyperactivity/Inattention 14 7.4 4.3 1.8
Internalizing 14 4.3 2.4 0.4
Autism Spectrum 14 15.3 6.5 4.8**
Academic Competenceb 14 73.1 10.7 -22.8***
         
Parent        
Social Skills 17 81.2 16 -18.4***
Communication 17 12.8 3.3 -2.8***
Cooperation 17 10.2 3.1 -2.9***
Assertion 17 12.4 4.2 -2.7**
Responsibility 17 9.8 3.3 -3.1***
Empathy 17 11.4 4.2 -1.9*
Engagement 17 11.2 4.3 -4.0***
Self-Control 17 7.9 3.5 -4.1***
         
Problem Behaviors 17 113.4 14.3 11.6**
Externalizing 17 11.2 5.7 4.3**
Bullying 17 1.8 2.4 0.4
Hyperactivity/Inattention 17 8.9 4.4 3.6***
Internalizing 17 5.4 4.2 0.3
Autism Spectrum 17 16.4 6.5 6.9***
         
Student        
Social Skills 11 100 18.2 3
Communication 11 13.4 3.8 0.3
Cooperation 11 16 3.8 1.2
Assertion 11 14.4 4 0.9
Responsibility 11 13.6 4.2 -0.9
Empathy 11 12.6 3.7 0.1
Engagement 11 15.1 4.8 0.5
Self-Control 11 11.4 4.3 0.6
         
Problem Behaviors 11 108.1 20.6 6.8
Externalizing 11 9.9 7.2 2.2
Bullying 11 3 3.1 0.7
Hyperactivity/Inattention 11 8 4.3 1.5
Internalizing 11 10.9 8.7 2.6

aReported as “Mental Retardation” by U.S. Department of Education.
bAdjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, and education level to match nonclinical reference group proportions.
*p<.05. **p<.01. ***p<.001

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form, Student Form

Age Range: 3-18

Specific Learning Disability Sample: Mean and Standard Deviation of Scale Standard Scores and Subscale Raw Scores With Comparison to Nonclinical Reference Group, by Form

Form, scale, and subscale N Mean SD Difference from nonclinical reference groupa
Teacher        
Social Skills 23 91 16.3 -6.7*
Communication 23 13.7 4.7 -1.5
Cooperation 23 10.8 3.9 -1.7*
Assertion 23 10.8 4.2 -1.4
Responsibility 23 11.6 3.8 -1.2
Empathy 23 11.4 4 -0.6
Engagement 23 11.8 3.8 -2.4**
Self-Control 23 12 4.6 -1.6
         
Problem Behaviors 23 106.8 13.7 5.2
Externalizing 23 7.6 6.6 1.9
Bullying 23 1.7 2.6 0.1
Hyperactivity/Inattention 23 7.6 4.9 2.8**
Internalizing 23 4.5 4.2 0.9
Autism Spectrum 23 11.8 6.5 2.2
Academic Competenceb 22 87.2 16.5 -9.8**
         
Parent        
Social Skills 43 95.8 16.4 -3.5
Communication 43 15.5 3.2 -0.2
Cooperation 43 12.4 3 -0.7
Assertion 43 14.4 3.4 -0.6
Responsibility 43 12.7 3.4 -0.1
Empathy 43 12.8 3.7 -0.4
Engagement 43 14.6 4.1 -0.6
Self-Control 43 11.2 3.2 -0.7
         
Problem Behaviors 43 102.6 15.7 2.2
Externalizing 43 7.3 6.3 0.5
Bullying 43 1.1 2.2 0.0
Hyperactivity/Inattention 43 6 4.8 0.9
Internalizing 43 4.7 3.8 0.0
Autism Spectrum 43 9.4 6.6 0.6
         
Student        
Social Skills 40 97.1 17.9 -2.1
Communication 40 13.1 3.5 -0.5
Cooperation 40 14.8 4.2 -0.6
Assertion 40 13.9 3.9 0.2
Responsibility 40 14.4 4.1 -0.6
Empathy 40 12.4 4.3 -0.7
Engagement 40 14.5 4.5 -0.7
Self-Control 40 10.8 4 -0.1
         
Problem Behaviors 40 105.2 19.9 4.8*
Externalizing 40 9.4 8.2 2.2*
Bullying 40 2.9 3.6 0.7
Hyperactivity/Inattention 40 7.9 5 1.5*
Internalizing 40 9 6.9 0.9

aAdjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, and education level to match nonclinical reference group proportions.
*p<.05. **p<.01. 

 

Subscales: Externalizing, Bullying, Hyperactivity/Attention, Internalizing, Autism Spectrum

Form: Teacher Form, Parent Form, Student Form

Age Range: 3-18

Speech/Language Impairment Sample: Mean and Standard Deviation of Scale Standard Scores and Subscale Raw Scores With Comparison to Nonclinical Reference Group, by Form

Form, scale, and subscale N Mean SD Difference from nonclinical reference groupa
Teacher        
Social Skills 49 83.1 19.8 -14.8***
Communication 49 11.2 5.6 -4.1***
Cooperation 49 10.6 3.9 -1.9***
Assertion 49 8.6 4.5 -3.8***
Responsibility 49 9.9 4.5 -2.8***
Empathy 49 9.4 4.8 -2.5***
Engagement 49 10 4.7 -4.3***
Self-Control 49 10.3 5.4 -3.3***
         
Problem Behaviors 49 110.1 16.4 8.4***
Externalizing 49 8.5 7.5 2.8**
Bullying 49 2.1 3.2 0.6
Hyperactivity/Inattention 49 8.3 4.9 3.4***
Internalizing 49 4.8 3.3 1.3**
Autism Spectrum 49 16.6 9.1 7.2***
Academic Competenceb 31 77.8 13.4 -20.2***
         
Parent        
Social Skills 59 90 22.1 -9.0***
Communication 59 13.9 4 -1.9***
Cooperation 59 12 3.5 -1.0*
Assertion 59 12.6 5.2 -2.4***
Responsibility 59 10.9 5 -1.9***
Empathy 59 11.4 4.7 -1.7***
Engagement 59 12.8 5.1 -2.4***
Self-Control 59 9.7 5.1 -2.2***
         
Problem Behaviors 59 104 17.9 3.3
Externalizing 59 8.1 6.6 1.2
Bullying 59 1.2 1.8 0.0
Hyperactivity/Inattention 59 6.8 5.4 1.6**
Internalizing 59 4.6 3.9 -0.1
Autism Spectrum 59 13.9 9.5 5.1***
         
Student        
Social Skills 23 94.5 18.7 -4.6
Communication 23 12 3.5 -1.6*
Cooperation 23 15 4.5 -0.4
Assertion 23 13.4 5.1 -0.3
Responsibility 23 14.6 3.9 -0.3
Empathy 23 11.9 4 -1.1
Engagement 23 13.8 4.2 -1.3
Self-Control 23 10.8 4.8 -0.1
         
Problem Behaviors 23 105 18.7 4.4
Externalizing 23 8.9 7.4 1.6
Bullying 23 3.2 3.4 1.1
Hyperactivity/Inattention 23 7.6 5.7 1.1
Internalizing 23 9.5 6.1 1.2

aAdjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, and education level to match nonclinical reference group proportions.
bAdministered ages 5–18.
*p<.05. **p<.01. ***p<.001.

Assessment Format: Rating Scale

Rater / Scorer: General Education Teacher, Special Education Teacher, Parent, Child

Usability Study Conducted: Yes

The SSIS Rating Scales has been in use in schools since it was published in 2008. The SSIS is a revision of the widely used Social Skills Rating System (SSRS), which has been used in classrooms since it was published in 1990.

Readability Study

The reading level of both the items and the instructions of the Teacher, Parent, and Student Forms was analyzed using the Flesch Grade Level Index. This index measures readability in terms of sentence length and number of syllables per word and expresses readability in grade levels. The Teacher Form reading grade level is 6.8, the Parent Form is 5.3, and that of each of the Student Forms is lower than Grade 2.

Readability by Form

Teacher - 6.8

Parent - 5.3

Student (Ages 8-12) - 1.8

Student (Ages 13-18) - 1.9